In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond

Paperback | February 1, 2008

EditorJonathan Evans, Keith Frankish

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This book explores the idea that we have two minds - one that is automatic, unconscious, and fast, the other controlled, conscious, and slow. In recent years there has been great interest in so-called dual-process theories of reasoning and rationality. According to dual processs theories,there are two distinct systems underlying human reasoning - an evolutionarily old system that is associative, automatic, unconscious, parallel, and fast, and a more recent, distinctively human system that is rule-based, controlled, conscious, serial, and slow. Within the former, processes are heldto be innate and to use heuristics which evolved to solve specific adaptive problems. In the latter, processes are taken to be learned, flexible, and responsive to rational norms. Despite the attention these theories are attracting, there is still poor communication between dual-process theorists themselves, and the substantial bodies of work on dual processes in cognitive psychology and social psychology remain isolated from each other. This book brings together leadingresearchers on dual-processes to summarize the state of the art, highlight key issues, present different perspectives, explore implications, and provide a stimulus to further work. It includes new ideas about the human mind both by contemporary philosophers interested in broad theoretical questions about mental architecture and by psychologists specialising in traditionally distinct and isolated fields. For all those in the cognitive sciences, this is a book that will advancedual-process theorizing, promote interdisciplinary communication, and encourage further applications of dual-process approaches.

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This book explores the idea that we have two minds - one that is automatic, unconscious, and fast, the other controlled, conscious, and slow. In recent years there has been great interest in so-called dual-process theories of reasoning and rationality. According to dual processs theories,there are two distinct systems underlying human ...

Jonathan Evans has conducted a major research programme on thinking and reasoning since the 1970's. His publications include seven authored books and well over 150 scientific papers. His research includes study of cognitive biases in reasoning and judgement, and of the psychology of conditionals. He is one of the founders of the dual-...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:366 pagesPublished:February 1, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199230161

ISBN - 13:9780199230167

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Table of Contents

1. Keith Frankish and Jonathan St B T Evans: The duality of mind: a historical perspectivePart I - Foundations2. Jonathan St B T Evans: How many dual process theories do we need: one, two or many?3. Keith E Stanovich: Distinguishing the reflective, algorithmic, and autonomous minds: is it time for a tri-process theory?4. Keith Frankish: Systems and levels: dual-system theories and the personal-subpersonal distinction5. Peter Carruthers: An architecture for dual reasoning6. Richard Samuels: The magical number two, plus or minus: dual process theory as a theory of cognitive kindsPart II - Perspectives7. Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber: Intuitive and reflective inferences8. Valerie Thompson: Dual-process theories: a metacognitve perspective9. Eliot R Smith and Elizabeth C Collins: Dual-process models: a social psychological model10. Emma E Buchtel and Ara Norenzayan: Thinking across cultures: implications for dual processes11. Ron Sun, Sean M Lane and Robert C Mathews: The two systems of learning: an architectural perspectivePart III - Applications12. Paul A Klaczynski: Cognitive and social cognitive development: dual-process research and theory13. Matthew D Lieberman: What zombies can't do: a social cognitive neuroscience approach to the irreducibility of reflective consciousness14. Clare Saunders and David Over: In two minds about rationality?15. Leland F Saunders: Reason and intuition in the moral life: a dual-process account of moral justification