Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London to America, 1618-1718: There is Great Want…

Hardcover | January 14, 2017

byJohn Wareing

not yet rated|write a review
The key role played by indentured servants in the settlement and development of the English colonies in the West Indies and the North American mainland in the first century of English colonisation has been overshadowed by interest in the much larger later trade in African slaves. 'There isGreat Want of Servants' provides the first full examination of the English trade in indentured servants, which delivered the majority of an estimated 457,000 white people who migrated to the American colonies before 1720. English colonisation intended to create 'new Englands out of England' - toenlarge trade and plantation - but settlement required people to work the land. Labour had to be transported over 4,000 miles of threatening ocean in a new system of indentured servitude, in which people paid for their transportation and keep, with four years of unpaid service for adults, and morefor children and adolescents. The system was not benign, neither in the sugar plantations of the West Indies and the tobacco plantations of Maryland and Virginia, nor at the centre of the trade in London and in other ports such as Bristol. Merchants, procurers, and masters of ships often used illicit methods to recruit servantsas human cargo. Measures to reduce spiriting by making the offence a felony punishable by hanging, or registering servants in new offices, had little effect. The 1718 Transportation Act eased servant recruitment, but when wars in 1689-1697 and 1702-1713 disrupted the supply of servants, and demandfor the addictive products of the sugar and tobacco colonies soared in Britain and Europe, white servants were increasingly substituted by African chattel slaves.

Pricing and Purchase Info

$136.50

In stock online
Ships free on orders over $25

From the Publisher

The key role played by indentured servants in the settlement and development of the English colonies in the West Indies and the North American mainland in the first century of English colonisation has been overshadowed by interest in the much larger later trade in African slaves. 'There isGreat Want of Servants' provides the first ful...

John Wareing is a migrant from Lancashire who came to live, study, and teach in London. He is a well-travelled Historical Geographer with a doctorate in History and a long-standing interest in migration and indentured service to the American colonies. He has spent enjoyable periods in libraries and record offices in England, North Amer...

other books by John Wareing

Counsels to Candidates for Confirmation
Counsels to Candidates for Confirmation

Hardcover|Aug 25 2016

$33.95

Counsels to candidates for confirmation
Counsels to candidates for confirmation

Paperback|Aug 16 2009

$15.50

Format:HardcoverDimensions:352 pages, 9.21 × 6.02 × 0.03 inPublished:January 14, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198788908

ISBN - 13:9780198788904

Look for similar items by category:

Customer Reviews of Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London to America, 1618-1718: There is Great Want of Servants

Reviews

Extra Content

Table of Contents

Part I 'The worthy action of enlarging trade and plantation'1. 'To advance the honour of our country'Part II Indentured Migration and the Servant Trade from London, 1618-17182. English Indentured Migration: Origins, Destinations, Substitutions3. The Traders in the London labour market4. The Transported and the Traded from LondonPart III Controlling Criminality in the Servant Trade 1640-1718: Courts and Registries5. Prosecution in the Courts and the Failure to Reinforce the Criminal Law, 1640-16736. Problems in Implementing Servant Registration, 1664-17187. England's first transatlantic labour trade, 1618-1718Appendix