Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons by Richard GrahamIndependence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons by Richard Graham

Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons

byRichard Graham

Paperback | May 1, 2013

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In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks participate and how did they fare as a result? In the end, who won and who lost?

Independence in Latin America is about the reciprocal effect of war and social dislocation. It also demonstrates that the war itself led to national identity and so to the creation of new states. These governments generally acknowledged the novel principle of constitutionalism and popular sovereignty, even when sometimes carving out exceptions to such rules. The notion that society consisted of individuals and was not a body made up of castes, guilds, and other corporate orders had become commonplace by the end of these wars. So international politics and military confrontations are only part of the intriguing story recounted here.

For this third edition, Richard Graham has written a new introduction and extensively revised and updated the text. He has also added new illustrations and maps.

Richard Graham is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin. His most recent book is the prize-winning Feeding the City: From Street Market to Liberal Reform in Salvador, Brazil, 1780–1860. He is the author of Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil; Britain an...
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Title:Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and ComparisonsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9.02 × 6 × 0.55 inPublished:May 1, 2013Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292745346

ISBN - 13:9780292745346

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Table of Contents

  • List of Illustrations
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Colonies in Flux
    • Ruler and Ruled
    • Trade with Whom?
    • A Corporate Society
    • Religion and the Enlightenment
    • Haiti
  • Chapter 2. Reactions to Change
    • Argentina and Uruguay
    • Chile
    • Comparisons
    • Venezuela
    • Mexico
    • Central America
    • Comparisons
    • Peru
    • Brazil
    • Comparisons
  • Chapter 3. Toward War
    • Who Wanted Change?
    • European Events
    • Spanish American Responses
  • Chapter 4. The First War of Independence, 1810–1816
    • Argentina
    • Uruguay
    • Paraguay
    • Chile
    • Venezuela
    • Colombia
    • Peru and Bolivia
    • Mexico
    • Brazil
    • Commonalities and Differences
  • Chapter 5. The Second War of Independence, 1815–1825
    • Repercussion of European Events
    • Venezuela and Colombia
    • Argentina and Uruguay
    • Chile, Peru, and Bolivia
    • Mexico
    • Central America
    • Brazil
    • Commonalities and Differences
  • Chapter 6. What Changed?
    • The Cost of War
    • An Altered Cultural Reality
    • Social Tensions
    • Instability and the Caudillo
    • Inclusion in the World Economy
  • Documents
  • For Further Reading
  • Chronology
  • Notes
  • Glossary
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index

Editorial Reviews

"Independence in Latin America is one of the most succinct, accurate, provocative, and comprehensive views on the historical ‘big bang’ that occurred in the Western world between 1776 and 1830. . . . It would be hard to find, in so few pages, so much information so easily digestible." - Mauricio Tenorio, Professor of History, University of Chicago