Independence in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons

Paperback | May 1, 2013

byRichard Graham

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In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic groups lined up on one side or the other? Were there variations from place to place, region to region? Did men and women differ in their experience of war? How did Indians and blacks participate and how did they fare as a result? In the end, who won and who lost?

Independence in Latin America is about the reciprocal effect of war and social dislocation. It also demonstrates that the war itself led to national identity and so to the creation of new states. These governments generally acknowledged the novel principle of constitutionalism and popular sovereignty, even when sometimes carving out exceptions to such rules. The notion that society consisted of individuals and was not a body made up of castes, guilds, and other corporate orders had become commonplace by the end of these wars. So international politics and military confrontations are only part of the intriguing story recounted here.

For this third edition, Richard Graham has written a new introduction and extensively revised and updated the text. He has also added new illustrations and maps.

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In the course of fifteen momentous years, the Spanish- and the Portuguese-American empires that had endured for three centuries came to an end in the mid-1820s. How did this come about? Not all Latin Americans desired such a change, and the independence wars were civil wars, often cruel and always violent. What social and economic grou...

Richard Graham is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Texas at Austin. His most recent book is the prize-winning Feeding the City: From Street Market to Liberal Reform in Salvador, Brazil, 1780–1860. He is the author of Patronage and Politics in Nineteenth-Century Brazil; Britain and...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9.02 × 6 × 0.55 inPublished:May 1, 2013Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292745346

ISBN - 13:9780292745346

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Table of Contents

List of IllustrationsAcknowledgmentsIntroductionChapter 1. Colonies in Flux Ruler and Ruled Trade with Whom? A Corporate Society Religion and the Enlightenment HaitiChapter 2. Reactions to Change Argentina and Uruguay Chile Comparisons Venezuela Mexico Central America Comparisons Peru Brazil ComparisonsChapter 3. Toward War Who Wanted Change? European Events Spanish American ResponsesChapter 4. The First War of Independence, 1810–1816 Argentina Uruguay Paraguay Chile Venezuela Colombia Peru and Bolivia Mexico Brazil Commonalities and DifferencesChapter 5. The Second War of Independence, 1815–1825 Repercussion of European Events Venezuela and Colombia Argentina and Uruguay Chile, Peru, and Bolivia Mexico Central America Brazil Commonalities and DifferencesChapter 6. What Changed? The Cost of War An Altered Cultural Reality Social Tensions Instability and the Caudillo Inclusion in the World EconomyDocumentsFor Further ReadingChronologyNotesGlossaryIllustration CreditsIndex

Editorial Reviews

Independence in Latin America is one of the most succinct, accurate, provocative, and comprehensive views on the historical ‘big bang’ that occurred in the Western world between 1776 and 1830. . . . It would be hard to find, in so few pages, so much information so easily digestible. - Mauricio Tenorio, Professor of History, University of Chicago