Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies by Calestous JumaInnovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies by Calestous Juma

Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

byCalestous Juma

Hardcover | June 22, 2016

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The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates overnew technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations. Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that thebenefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed. Similarly, innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern. As such, societies that exhibit great economic and politicalinequities are likely to experience heightened technological controversies.Drawing from nearly 600 years of technology history, Innovation and Its Enemies identifies the tension between the need for innovation and the pressure to maintain continuity, social order, and stability as one of today's biggest policy challenges. It reveals the extent to which modern technologicalcontroversies grow out of distrust in public and private institutions. Using detailed case studies of coffee, the printing press, margarine, farm mechanization, electricity, mechanical refrigeration, recorded music, transgenic crops, and transgenic animals, it shows how new technologies emerge, takeroot, and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace. The book uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence, online learning, 3D printing, gene editing, robotics, drones, andrenewable energy. It ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to manage technological change, make associated institutional adjustments, and expand public engagement on scientific and technologicalmatters.
Calestous Juma, a national of Kenya, is an internationally-recognized authority on the role of science, technology and innovation in economic development. He is Professor of the Practice of International Development and Director of the Science, Technology, and Globalization Project at Harvard Kennedy School. He directs the Agricultural...
Title:Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New TechnologiesFormat:HardcoverDimensions:376 pages, 8.25 × 5.5 × 0.98 inPublished:June 22, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190467037

ISBN - 13:9780190467036

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Editorial Reviews

"Calestous Juma's book 'Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies' is an outstanding treatise on how new technologies are created and why they are so often not initially accepted by society. The book is filled with wonderful stories that go through innovations ranging fromcell phones to coffee to the light bulb. I loved reading it." --Robert Langer, David H. Koch Institute Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology