The Iranian middle class played a historical role in steering Iran into the revolution of 1978. This volume traces the ideological content of the revolution, as well as the cultural and political outlooks that forced mass support in different segments of the Iranian middle class. Salehi asserts that potential existed in Iranian society for the outbreak of revolution long before 1978. He addresses the basic question of why the revolution of 1978-79 triumphed with the Shiia clergymen playing a leading role--and ties together the psychological, cultural, and religious roots of the resolution with class theory. The author's analysis of personalities, events, religion, class theory, and cultural theory should serve as the model not only in the study of Iran, but can extend to the analyses of other internal uprisings in the Middle East.