Intellectual Property Rights: Legal and Economic Challenges for Development

Paperback | June 16, 2014

EditorMario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, Keith E. Maskus

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In recent years, Intellectual Property Rights - both in the form of patents and copyrights - have expanded in their coverage, the breadth and depth of protection, and the tightness of their enforcement. Moreover, for the first time in history, the IPR regime has become increasingly uniform atinternational level by means of the TRIPS agreement, irrespectively of the degrees of development of the various countries.This volume, first, addresses from different angles the effects of IPR on the processes of innovation and innovation diffusion in general, and with respect to developing countries in particular. Contrary to a widespread view, there is very little evidence that the rates of innovation increase withthe tightness of IPR even in developed countries. Conversely, in many circumstances, tight IPR represents an obstacle to imitation and innovation diffusion in developing countries.What can policies do then? This is the second major theme of the book which offers several detailed discussions of possible policy measures even within the current TRIPS regime - including the exploitation of the waivers to IPR enforcement that it contains, various forms of development of"technological commons", and non-patent rewards to innovators, such as prizes. Some drawbacks of the regimes, however, are unavoidable: hence the advocacy in many contributions to the book of deep reforms of the system in both developed and developing countries, including the non-patentability ofscientific discoveries, the reduction of the depth and breadth of IPR patents, and the variability of the degrees of IPR protection according to the levels of a country's development.

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In recent years, Intellectual Property Rights - both in the form of patents and copyrights - have expanded in their coverage, the breadth and depth of protection, and the tightness of their enforcement. Moreover, for the first time in history, the IPR regime has become increasingly uniform atinternational level by means of the TRIPS ag...

Mario Cimoli is the Director of the Division of Production, Productivity and Management at the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). He obtained his PhD at the SPRU, University of Sussex (1992), with a thesis that analysed the effect of technological gaps and trade on growth in developing economies. Since...

other books by Mario Cimoli

Format:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:June 16, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019966076X

ISBN - 13:9780199660766

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Table of Contents

1. Joseph E. Stiglitz: IntroductionPart I: IPR, Innovation and Development: Economic History and Theory2. Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, Roberto Mazzoleni, and Bhaven Sampat: Innovation, Technical Change and Patents in the Development Process: A Long Term View3. Adam B. Jaffe and Albert Guangzhou Hu: Lessons from the Economics Literature on the Likely Consequences of International Harmonization of IPR Protection4. Jerome H. Reichman: Intellectual Property in the Twenty-First Century: Will the Developing Countries Lead or Follow?Part II: Knowledge Appropriation and Development5. Sarah Chan, John Sulston, and John Harris: Ethical Incentives for Innovation6. Anthony D. So, Bhaven N. Sampat, Arti K. Rai, Robert Cook-Deegan, Jerome H. Reichman, Robert Weissman, and Amy Kapczynski: Is Bayh-Dole Good for Developing Countries? Lessons from the US ExperiencePart III: Experiences from Public Health, Agriculture, and Green Technology7. Benjamin Coriat and Luigi Orsenigo: IPRs, Public Health, and the Pharmaceutical Industry: Issues in the Post-2005 TRIPS Agenda8. Alessandro Nuvolari and Valentina Tartari: Innovation, Appropriability, and Productivity Growth in Agriculture: A Broad Historical Viewpoint9. Tim Swanson and Timo Goeschl: The Distributive Impact of Intellectual Property Regimes: Report from the 'Natural Experiment' of the Green Revolution10. Michael Halewood: Securing the Global Crop Commons in Support of Agricultural Innovation11. Minna Allarakhia: Mode of Entry for Emerging Markets: An Ex-Ante and Ex-Post Perspective of the Open Source Development and Management of Biotechnology Knowledge Assets12. Jerome H. Reichman, Arti K. Rai, Richard G. Newell, and Jonathan B. Wiener: Intellectual Property and Alternatives: Strategies for Green Innovations13. Keith E. Maskus and Ruth L. Okediji: Economic and Legal Considerations for the International Transfer of Environmentally Sound TechnologiesPart IV: Challenges for Governance and Policymaking14. Carlos M. Correa: Multilateral Agreements and Policy Opportunities15. Christopher Spennemann and Pedro Roffe: Preferential Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property Rights16. Leonardo Burlamaqui and Mario Cimoli: Industrial Policy and IPR: A Knowledge Governance ApproachPart V: ConclusionJoseph E. Stiglitz, Mario Cimoli, Giovanni Dosi, Keith E. Maskus, Ruth L. Okediji , and Jerome H. Reichman: Policy Options and Requirements for Institutional Reform