Education has changed much, especially during the last decade. This comprehensive reference offers a systematic overview of changes in educational policy and practice around the world. Each chapter, written by an expert contributor, focuses on reform in a particular country. The chapters explore common issues, including economic development and education, literacy movements, the education of women and minorities, and the role of the State. The uniform approach to these issues invites a comparative perspective on educational reform in a range of representative countries, and the closing chapters examine some of these issues in greater detail.