Internationalisation and Economic Institutions: Comparing the European Experience

Hardcover | August 19, 2007

byMark Thatcher

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This book examines when, how and why internationalisation affects national economic institutions. It confronts questions at the heart of debates in political economy and comparative politics: What does internationalisation of markets mean? Who are its carriers in domestic arenas? Through whichmechanisms does it affect decisions about national institutional reform? What are institutional outcomes in the face of internationalisation? The book responds to its questions by looking at key economic institutions in five strategic sectors: securities trading, telecommunications, electricity, airlines and postal services. It compares across four countries that represent different 'varieties of capitalism', namely Britain, France,Germany and Italy, over the period between 1965 and 2005. Thus it combines cross-national, historical and cross-sectoral comparisons. The author distinguishes technological and economic forms of internationalisation from policy forms, notably decisions in powerful overseas nations and supranational regulation. He argues that, contrary to expectations, the first was met with institutional inertia. In contrast, policy forms ofinternationalisation, namely reforms in the US and European Union regulation, played significant roles in undermining long-standing national institutions. The book explores the mechanisms whereby policy forms of internationalisation were influential by looking at the strategies, coalitions andresources of key actors in national arenas. It also shows that institutional outcomes were surprising: all four countries, albeit through different routes, adopted increasingly similar reforms of economic institutions- privatisation, the ending of monopolies and delegation to independent regulatoryagencies. The book rejects the view that technological and economic forms of internationalisation drive institutional change. It suggests that policy forms of internationalisation are more important because they become part of domestic decision making and aid the reform of well-established nationalinstitutions.

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This book examines when, how and why internationalisation affects national economic institutions. It confronts questions at the heart of debates in political economy and comparative politics: What does internationalisation of markets mean? Who are its carriers in domestic arenas? Through whichmechanisms does it affect decisions about n...

Mark Thatcher is Reader in Public Administration and Public Policy, Department of Government, London School of Economics and a member of the Centre for the Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR), LSE. His research lies in the field of comparative public policy and regulation in Europe. His interests lie in the way that institutions ar...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.94 inPublished:August 19, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199245681

ISBN - 13:9780199245680

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Table of Contents

1. Analysing market internationalisation and national institutionsPart 1 Internationalisation of finance: securities trading 1965-20052. The internationalisation of securities markets3. Common pressures, diverse paths: securities trading in France, West Germany and Italy 1965-864. From Conservatism to Revolution: British stock exchange regulation 1965-20055. Transformation and convergence: stock exchanges in France, Germany and Italy 1986-2005Part 2 Internationalisation of communications: telecommunications 1965-20056. Internationalisation of Telecommunications markets7. The power of inertia: telecommunications in France, West Germany and Italy 1965-19878. Telecommunications in Britain: from laggard to leader9. The European path to radical reform: Telecommunications in France, Germany and Italy 1988-2005Part 3 Extending the analysis: Policy Forms of Internationalisation10. Power politics: electricity supply in Europe11. Changing course: airlines in Europe12. Liberalising the Letter: The reform of postal servicesPart 4 Internationalisation, Markets and Politics13. Conclusion: market internationalisation and national economic institutions