Interpreting Motion: Grounded Representations for Spatial Language

Hardcover | March 23, 2012

byInderjeet Mani, James Pustejovsky

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Interpreting Motion presents an integrated perspective on how language structures constrain concepts of motion and how the world shapes the way motion is linguistically expressed. Natural language allows for efficient communication of elaborate descriptions of movement without requiring aprecise specification of the motion. Interpreting Motion is the first book to analyze the semantics of motion expressions in terms of the formalisms of qualitative spatial reasoning. It shows how motion descriptions in language are mapped to trajectories of moving entities based on qualitativespatio-temporal relationships. The authors provide an extensive discussion of prior research on spatial prepositions and motion verbs, devoting chapters to the compositional semantics of motion sentences, the formal representations needed for computers to reason qualitatively about time, space, and motion, and the methodology forannotating corpora with linguistic information in order to train computer programs to reproduce the annotation. The applications they illustrate include route navigation, the mapping of travel narratives, question-answering, image and video tagging, and graphical rendering of scenes from textualdescriptions.The book is written accessibly for a broad scientific audience of linguists, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, and those working in fields such as artificial intelligence and geographic information systems.

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Interpreting Motion presents an integrated perspective on how language structures constrain concepts of motion and how the world shapes the way motion is linguistically expressed. Natural language allows for efficient communication of elaborate descriptions of movement without requiring aprecise specification of the motion. Interpretin...

Inderjeet Mani has been a Senior Principal Scientist at The MITRE Corporation, a Visiting Fellow at Cambridge University, and an Associate Professor at Georgetown University. He is the author of Automatic Summarization (John Benjamins 2001) and The Imagined Moment: Time, Narrative, and Computation (Nebraska 2010), and co-editor of Adv...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:208 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.01 inPublished:March 23, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199601240

ISBN - 13:9780199601240

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Concepts of Motion in Language3. Spatial and Temporal Ontology4. The Representation of Motion5. Semantic Annotation6. Applications and ProspectsReferencesIndex