Introducing Ethics: A Critical Thinking Approach with Readings

Paperback | December 27, 2013

byJustin McBrayer, Peter Markie

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Introducing Ethics: A Critical Thinking Approach with Readings combines guiding commentary and questions with a rich selection of concise, carefully edited, and accessible readings on ethical theory and contemporary moral issues. This unique introduction shows students how to do philosophy byfirst analyzing texts - identifying ethical positions and the arguments that support them - and then evaluating the truth of those positions and the soundness of the arguments. In doing so, it provides students with a uniquely engaging introduction to ethics that also hones their critical thinkingskills.

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Introducing Ethics: A Critical Thinking Approach with Readings combines guiding commentary and questions with a rich selection of concise, carefully edited, and accessible readings on ethical theory and contemporary moral issues. This unique introduction shows students how to do philosophy byfirst analyzing texts - identifying ethical ...

Justin P. McBrayer is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Fort Lewis College, Colorado. He is the coeditor of Skeptical Theism: New Essays (OUP, 2014), and The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil (2013). Peter J. Markie is Curators' Teaching Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri. He is the coeditor of Ethics: Hi...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:752 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 27, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199793786

ISBN - 13:9780199793785

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Table of Contents

Each reading selection is followed by Reading Questions, Discussion Questions, and Argument Reconstruction Exercises.PrefaceUNIT 1. PHILOSOPHY AND METHODOLOGY1. Introductions2. The Method of Philosophy2.1 Philosophy and Logic2.2 Deductive Arguments2.3 Inductive Arguments2.4 Fallacious Arguments2.5 Conditions and Analysis2.6 Moral Reasoning3. True for You, But Not For Me3.1 Moral Interpretation3.2 Doxastic Interpretation3.3 Epistemic Interpretation3.4 Semantic Interpretation3.5 Metaphysical Interpretation4. Reading Philosophy4.1 Determining the Thesis4.2 Reconstructing the Argument4.3 How to Use this Text5. Writing Philosophy5.1 The Goal of a Philosophy Paper5.2 The Evaluation of a Philosophy Paper5.3 The Content of a Philosophy Paper5.4 The Structure of a Philosophy PaperUNIT 2: FOUNDATIONS OF ETHICS6. Moral FactsReadingsGilbert Harmon: 6.1 "Moral Nihilism"Russ Shafer-Landau: 6.2 "Values in a Scientific World"Russ Shafer-Landau: 6.3 "Four Arguments against Moral Knowledge"7. Morality and AuthorityReadingsJohn Arthur: 7.1 "Does Morality Depend upon Religion?"Kai Nielsen: 7.2 "Humanistic Ethics"Friedrich Nietzsche: 7.3 "Master and Slave Moralities"Gilbert Harman: 7.4 "Moral Relativism"Paul Taylor: 7.5 "Ethical Relativism and Ethical Absolutism"8. Moral ResponsibilityReadingsGalen Strawson: 8.1 "The Impossibility of Moral Responsibility"A. J. Ayer: 8.2 "Freedom and Necessity"Roderick Chisholm: 8.3 "Human Freedom and the Self"Jean-Paul Sartre: 8.4 "Existentialism Is a Humanism"9. Why Be Moral?ReadingsAyn Rand: 9.1 "The Virtue of Selfishness"James Rachels: 9.2 "Three Failed Arguments for Ethical Egoism"Thomas Nagel: 9.3 "Right and Wrong"Gregory Kavka: 9.4 "A Reconciliation Project"UNIT 3. NORMATIVE ETHICS10. Value and The Good LifeReadingsRichard Taylor: 10.1 "The Meaning of Life"Robert Nozick: 10.2 "The Experience Machine"Derek Parfit: 10.3 "What Makes Someone's Life Go Best"11. ConsequentialismReadingsJohn Stuart Mill: 11.1 "Utilitarianism"Kai Nielsen: 11.2 "Against Moral Conservatism"Richard B. Brandt: 11.3 "Some Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism"Judith Jarvis Thomson: 11.4 "Turning the Trolley"12. NonconsequentialismReadingsSaint Thomas Aquinas: 12.1 "Natural Law"Alfonso Gomez-Lobo: 12.2 "Natural Law Ethics"Immanuel Kant: 12.3 "The Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals"W.D. Ross: 12.4 "What Makes Right Acts Right"John Rawls: 12.5 "Hypothetical Contractarianism"Virginia Held: 12.6 "Non-Contractual Society: A Feminist View"13. Virtue and Care EthicsReadingsAristotle, translated by W.D. Ross: 13.1 "Virtue"Rosalind Hursthouse: 13.2 "Aristotle on Virtue"Susan Wolf: 13.3 "Moral Saints"Marilyn Friedman: 13.4 "Care and Context in Moral Reasoning"Virginia Held: 13.5 "The Ethics of Care as Moral Theory"UNIT 4. APPLIED ETHICS14. The Moral CommunityReadingsPeter Singer: 14.1 "All Animals are Equal"Paul Taylor: 14.2 "The Ethics of Respect for Nature"David Schmidtz: 14.3 "Are All Species Equal?"15. AbortionReadingsDon Marquis: 15.1 "An Argument that Abortion Is Wrong"Mary Ann Warren: 15.2 "On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion"Judith Jarvis Thomson: 15.3 "A Defense of Abortion"Diana Fritz Cates: 15.4 "Caring for Women and Girls Who Are Considering Abortion"16. The Environment and SustainabilityReadingsBrian Barry: 16.1 "Sustainability and Intergenerational Justice"Thomas E. Hill, Jr.: 16.2 "Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments"Mark Sagoff: 16.3 "Do We Consume Too Much?"Lester W. Milbrath: 16.4 "Redefining the Good Life in a Sustainable Society"17. Famine ReliefReadingsPeter Singer: 17.1 "Famine, Affluence and Morality"John Arthur: 17.2 "Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code"Jan Narveson: 17.3 "Feeding the Hungry"18. TerrorismReadingsMichael Walzer: 18.1 "Terrorism: A Critique of Excuses"Lionel K. McPherson: 18.2 "Is Terrorism Distinctively Wrong?"David Luban: 18.3 "The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights"19. TortureReadingsSeumas Miller: 19.1 "Is Torture Ever Morally Justifiable?"David J. Hill: 19.2 "Ticking Bombs, Torture, and the Analogy with Self-Defense"20. EuthanasiaReadingsJames Rachels: 20.1 "Active and Passive Euthanasia"Thomas D. Sullivan: 20.2 "Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?"Thomas E. Hill, Jr.: 20.3 "Self-Regarding Suicide: A Modified Kantian View"Carl B. Becker: 20.4 "Buddhist Views of Suicide and Euthanasia"21. Capital PunishmentReadingsIgor Primoratz: 21.1 "Justifying Capital Punishment"Hugo Bedau: 21.2 "The Case Against the Death Penalty"22. Morality and the LawReadingsJohn Stuart Mill: 22.1 "The Harm Principle"Patrick Devlin: 22.2 "Morals and the Criminal Law"Sarah Roberts-Cady: 22.3 "France and the Ban on the Full-Face Veil: A Philosophical Analysis of the Arguments"Helen E. Longino: 22.4 "Pornography, Oppression and Freedom: A Closer Look"Joel Feinberg: 22.5 "The Feminist Case Against Pornography"GlossaryArgument Reconstruction Exercise SolutionsIndex