Introducing Sociology: A Critical Approach

Paperback | February 9, 2012

byMurray Knuttila, Andre Magnan

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Grounded in a critical perspective, this fifth edition of Introducing Sociology provides an accessible overview of the basic concepts, assumptions, and approaches that sociologists use to investigate human social behaviour. With a particular focus on key developments in sociological theory,the authors explore how theory relates to real-world issues. Emphasizing the promise of the sociological imagination throughout, this analytical introduction gives students the foundation they need to begin thinking about themselves and the world from a sociological point of view.

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Grounded in a critical perspective, this fifth edition of Introducing Sociology provides an accessible overview of the basic concepts, assumptions, and approaches that sociologists use to investigate human social behaviour. With a particular focus on key developments in sociological theory,the authors explore how theory relates to real...

Murray Knuttila is provost and vice-president academic at Brock University. Before joining Brock, Dr. Knuttila spent more than 30 years with the University of Regina. In addition to Oxford Canada, Dr. Knuttila has published books with McClelland and Stewart, Garamond Press, Fernwood Publishing, Zed Books, and the Canadian Plains Resea...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.68 inPublished:February 9, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195439821

ISBN - 13:9780195439823

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Table of Contents

Part I: The Sociological Perspective and the Basic Language of Sociology1. Understanding Human BehaviourGetting StartedScience as a Way of KnowingSociology and the Social SciencesSociology as the Study of Structure and AgencySociology as Critical Thought and ThinkingScience, Theory, and the Origins of SociologyThe Sociological Imagination and Its 'Promise'Developing the Sociological PerspectiveGetting on with Sociological Analysis2. Homo sapiens: Biology and CulturePhysiological Needs and DrivesInstinctHuman PhysiologyCulture: The Work of Ruth Benedict and Margaret MeadThe Characteristics of Culture3. Social Structure and the Language of SociologyCulture and SocietyThe Elements of Social StructureThe Tools of Sociology4. SocializationThe Biological ProcessesThe Human PersonalityTypes of SocializationAgents or Agencies of SocializationThe Cultural Determinist PositionThe Cases of Feral ChildrenWhat Do Twin Studies Tell Us?Socialization as Unique and Shared5. Theories of SocializationConditioning TheoryJean PiagetThe Symbolic Interactionist ApproachSigmund FreudMoving on6. The Sex and Gender Puzzle: Biology Is Not DestinySex and Gender as a Fundamental Dimension of the Human ConditionSex and Gender: Conceptual ClarificationThe Basic Biology of SexAwash in a Sea of Hormones?Sex, Gender, and Brain HemispheresSexual and Gender ReassignmentBiology Yes - Destiny NoSex, Gender, and Social LearningMoving on - Neither Nature nor NurtureTowards a Sociological SynthesisPart II: Theorizing Society7. Science, Theory, and the Origins of SociologyThe Historical BackgroundAuguste Comte and the Emergence of a DisciplineMarx and the Study of Human SocietyEmile DurkheimMax Weber's New Blueprint for Analysis8. Contemporary Sociological TheoryEarly Contemporary Theory: The Structural Functionalist PerspectiveEarly Contemporary Theory: Neo-Marxist Social TheoryEarly Contemporary Theory: The Symbolic Interactionist PerspectiveBeyond Early Contemporary TheoryStructure and Agency: New VisionsConclusion9. Feminist Theory: Addressing Sociology's LacunaWomen's Rights, Patriarchy, and the First WaveSex and Gender in Structural Functionalist ThoughtLiberal FeminismMarxian FeminismThe Domestic Labour DisputeRadical FeminismSocialist Feminism: Hartmann and BarrettThird Wave FeminismPart III: Applying Sociological Theories and Concepts10. Ways of Knowing and Research MethodsWays of KnowingConceptual DigressionConventional Western ScienceCritical Realism and ScienceFeminist Research and Critical RealismFrom Philosophy to ResearchSocial Science Techniques: A Preliminary SketchUse of SamplingParticipant ObservationContent AnalysisExperimental Design11. Explaining Social InequalitySocial Inequality in CanadaThe 'Discovery' of Class in North AmericaThe Structural Functionalists: Parsons, Davis, and MooreThe Dimensions of Social StratificationMarxist Theories of ClassNeo-Marxism and Class AnalysisThe Study of Social Inequality in Canada: New Directions in Class Analysis12. The Polity, Political Power, and Social MovementsPluralismPower and the Ruling Class: The Marxian PerspectiveRevising Marx: Neo-Marxism on the StateClassical Elite TheoryBeyond Class Politics: Feminism and the StatePower in Numbers: Modern Social Movements13. Towards a Critical Sociology of Men and MasculinitiesShould We Study Men and Masculinity?Gender as Sex Roles: A CritiqueGender as Social PracticeHegemonic MasculinityPatriarchy and CapitalismPatriarchy, Capitalism, and Hegemonic Masculinity14. Sociological Approaches to the Study of Familial RelationsBasic DefinitionsThe Structural Functionalist ApproachThe Neo-Marxist ApproachThe Feminist Challenge to Sociological Thought15. 'Why Are Some People Healthy and Others Not?' (NEW!)DefinitionsUnderstanding Health InequalitiesClassical Sociology and HealthThe Sociology of Health EmergesSymbolic InteractionismPower Conflict Theory and HealthFeminist TheoryPost StructuralismTowards a Holistic ApproachHealthcare Systems: A Comment16. Deviance and Social ControlBiological ExplanationsEmile DurkheimParsons and MertonConflict Theory and the Study of DevianceNeo-Marxist or Power-Conflict TheorySymbolic Interactionism and Deviance: Labelling TheoryFeminist Theory17. Race and Ethnicity and DifferenceDefining Race, Ethnicity, and 'Other'Race in Western Thought: Early Views of Difference, Inequality, and RaceRace and ModernityGenome Science and RaceSociological Theory, Race, and EthnicitySome Theoretical and Empirical Considerations18. GlobalizationA Brief History of World CapitalismHow Do We Make Sense of the World Economy?Postscript The Sociological Imagination and New Directions in Social TheorySociology as a Mode of ThoughtSome Preliminary PremisesThe Limits of Abstract TheoryThe Sociological Imagination RevisitedCo-written by Lee Knuttila: Online Chapter: Sociology of Mass CommunicationsHistorical Overview of Mass CommunicationsThe Omnipresence of Mass Communications- Does It Matter?Social Theory and the Media- Structural Functionalism- Power Conflict- Frankfurt SchoolTextbox: What the mass media do - functionalist perspectiveTextbox: Why does advertising exist?Antonio GramsciThe Political Economy of Mass Communications- Audience as Commodity: An Alternate Political EconomyFeminist Theory and Mass CommunicationsNew Media and Networked Communications- Networks- Social MediaTowards a Conclusion

Editorial Reviews

"A key advantage of this text is that it helps represent the diversity of approaches within the discipline." --Alexandre Enkerli, Concordia University