Introduction to Global Politics by Steve LamyIntroduction to Global Politics by Steve Lamy

Introduction to Global Politics

bySteve Lamy, John Masker, John Baylis

Paperback | July 21, 2016

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Introduction to Global Politics, Fourth Edition, provides students with a current, engaging, and non-U.S. perspective on global politics. It shows students how to analyze global political events using theoretical approaches-both mainstream and alternative-and emphasizes non-state actors morethan any other global politics text.Chapter-by-Chapter RevisionsChapter 1: Introduction to Global Politics-Expanded theoretical coverage introduces students to the three theoretical traditions in international relations theory: Machiavellian, Grotian, and Kantian-New Case Study: "Global Production and the iPhone"Chapter 2: The Evolution of Global Politics-Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the goals of nation-states for survival and influence in the global system and how critical trends, such as the diffusion of power and increasing demands for vital resources, influence such goals-Expanded coverage of US-Cuba relations addresses the restoration of diplomatic ties-Further examination of the war on terrorism, including the completion of NATO's International Security Assistance Force mission in Afghanistan and its subsequent transition to the ongoing Resolute Support Mission-Updated Global Perspective "Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009" addresses the continuing course of the Arab Spring-Updated statistics and graphics include "Estimated Global Nuclear Warheads, as of 2015," and "Number of Wars in Progress Since 1950"Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories-Elimination of overlapping content between Chapter 3 and the first two introductory chapters, effectively streamlining the chapter and bringing its objectives of defining and describing the origins of IR theories, as well as explaining the relation among the levels of analysis and the differentvariations of the five schools of thought, into clearer focus-The latest on the most pertinent international relations matters including how world leaders should deal with extremist networks like the Islamic StateChapter 4: Making Foreign Policy-Further coverage and analysis of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, including the goals of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference-Expanded discussion of fragile states, including updates to the Fragile State Index-Discussion of foreign policy evaluation has been expanded to include criticism of the CIA's detention and treatment of prisoners taken in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan-Additional examples of NGO influence on human rights (i.e. Human Rights Watch pressuring the Chinese government to abolish its re-education through labor detention system)-Updated statistics and graphics include "Top Ten Foreign Aid Donors" and the addition of a new figure "Share of World Military Expenditures of the 15 States with the Highest Expenditure"Chapter 5: Global and Regional Governance-Revised chapter-opening vignette addresses the impact of the Tunisian National Dialogue as a civil society organization and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize-Updated examples of venture philanthropy include Facebook co-founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg's pledge to donate 99 percent of his wealth-Updated Case Study "A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy Network" includes recent statistics from the World Health Organization.-Updated statistics and graphics include "INGO Growth Continues" and "Distribution of Think Tanks in the World"Chapter 6: Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism-Updated information on conflicts including the Syrian civil war, the rise of the Islamic State and their goal to establish an Islamic Caliphate, and the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic to prevent civil wars and sectarian conflicts-Condensed coverage of mainstream and critical approaches to security in order to eliminate overlapping content found in Chapter 3: Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories-Added examples of the importance of collective action and reliance on international/regional organization (i.e. in the case of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal)-Expanded discussion of the effects of nuclear weapons and the idea that the international community is experiencing a new nuclear age in which weapons of mass destruction are used to secure strategic advantage-Updated Case Study "US Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern Combat" includes recent statistics on drone strikes-Updated information on the spread of jihadists, Al Qaeda, and ISIS and the geographical extent to which the Obama Administration (and future administrations) will have to go to find them-Updated statistics and graphics include "Arms Deliveries Worldwide," "Arms Transfer Agreements Worldwide"; the addition of two new figures: "Top Locations of Islamic State Twitter Users" and "Thirteen Years of Terror in Western Europe;" the addition of a new map: "Where ISIS Has Directed andInspired Attacks;" and the addition of a table detailing the inter-actor relationship of those involved in the Syrian civil warChapter 7: Human Rights and Human Security-Added information on the latest human rights crises (i.e. the refugee crisis, the Syrian civil war, and South Sudan)-New Case Study "A Failed Intervention" on the genocide occurring in Darfur-Updated statistics on current UN peacekeeping operationsChapter 8: Global Trade and Finance-Updated analysis on the current status of global economic interconnection (i.e. the role that governmental intervention has on the economy of their nation-states--including free markets, the impact of the slowdown of China's economy, and the effects of increasing global foreign direct investment)-New discussion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and its subsequent implications as the largest regional trade agreement in history-Updated Theory in Practice "Contending Views of Capitalism" reflects recent changes in the Chinese economy and cyberwarfare tactics it uses against the US-Updated statistics and graphics include "Main Trading Nations," "Real GDP Growth," and the addition of a new graph "Holdings of US Treasury Securities"Chapter 9: Poverty, Development, and Hunger-Added discussion on the results of the Millennium Development Goals process (including an updated Progress Chart for UN Millennium Development Goals) and the UN's subsequent adoption of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (illustrated by Sustainable Development Goals).-Updated discussions of world population statistics and estimated population growth projections, including new graphics "Projected World Population" and "Fastest Growing Populations"Chapter 10: Environmental Issues-Discussion of the latest environmental issues including the rising number of carbon emissions emitted on the planet, the effect climate change and environmental degradation are having as causes of major violence in regards to specific ethnic communities that compete for scarce resources, and how2015 was the hottest year in recorded history-Added discussion of how climate change is the greatest challenge to economic and political stability across the world-Revised discussion of the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report addresses the rise of global surface temperatures, the continued shrinking of sea ice, and how human influence correlates to climate change and increasing levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere-Added information and analysis of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Conference, its outcomes, and the importance of adhering to pledges to curb emissions and keeping global temperature rises under 2 degrees Celsius; new concluding thoughts and analysis added as well-A revised table detailing "Recent Global Environmental Actions" focuses on events and actions of the past thirty years-Updated statistics and graphics include "Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Type of Gas," and two new graphics: "Number of Oils Spills between 1970-2015" and "Largest Producers of CO2 Emissions Worldwide."
Steven L. Lamy is Professor of International Relations at the University of Southern California. John S. Masker is Associate Professor of Political Science at Temple University. John Baylis is Emeritus Professor at Swansea University. Steve Smith is Vice Chancellor and Professor of International Relations at the University of Exeter. P...
Title:Introduction to Global PoliticsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:464 pages, 9.25 × 7.5 × 0.68 inPublished:July 21, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

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ISBN - 10:0190299797

ISBN - 13:9780190299798

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Table of Contents

Preface: About the Authors: Maps of the World: PART I. FOUNDATIONS OF GLOBAL POLITICSChapter 1. Introduction to Global Politics, John Baylis, Anthony McGrew, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerInternational Relations and Global PoliticsGlobal Actors: Global Issues: Theories of Global PoliticsWhat Are Theories?: Theoretical Traditions in International Relations: The Rise of Realism: Rival Theories: Research Approaches and Levels of AnalysisThe Historical Approach: The Social Scientific Approach: Levels of Analysis: The Constructivist Approach: Dimensions of GlobalizationFEATURESCase Study: Global Production and the iPhoneThinking About Global Politics: Why Should I Care?Chapter 2. The Evolution of Global Politics, David Armstrong, Michael Cox, Len Scott, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerThe Significance of the Peace of WestphaliaRevolutionary WarsWorld Wars: Modern and TotalLegacies and Consequences of European ColonialismCold WarOnset of the Cold War: Conflict, Confrontation, and Compromise: The Rise and Fall of Detente: From Detente to a Second Cold War: From the End of the Cold War to the War on TerrorismGlobalization: Challenging the International Order?From Superpower to Hyperpower: U.S. Primacy: Europe in the New World System: Russia: From Yeltsin to Putin: East Asia: Primed for Rivalry?: Latin America: Becoming Global Players: The War on Terrorism: From 9/11 to Iraq, Afghanistan, and SyriaFEATURESGlobal Perspective: Perception, Continuity, and Change After January 20, 2009Case Study: The Iraq War and Its OriginsThinking About Global Politics: Understanding and Resolving International ConflictsChapter 3. Realism, Liberalism, and Critical Theories, Tim Dunne, Brian C. Schmidt, Stephen Hobden, Richard Wyn Jones, Steve Smith, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerWhat Is Realism?The Essential Realism: --Statism--Survival--Self-HelpOne Realism or Many?: --Classical Realism--Structural Realism, or Neorealism--Contemporary Realist Challenges to Structural RealismWhat Is Liberalism?Defining Liberaliscm: The Essential Liberalism: Neoliberalism: Liberalism in Practice: Critical TheoriesThe Essential MarxismThird World Socialists: Feminist TheoryConstructivismFEATURESCase Study: The Power of Ideas: Politics and NeoliberalismGlobal Perspective: What Makes a Theory "Alternative" or Critical?Theory in Practice: Jane Addams and the Women's International League for Peace and FreedomThinking About Global Politics: The Melian Dialogue: Realism and the Preparation for WarPART II. GLOBAL ACTORSChapter 4. Making Foreign Policy, Steven L. Lamy and John MaskerWhat Is Foreign Policy?States, Nationalism, and National Interests: Foreign Policy from Different Perspectives: Who Makes Foreign Policy?: What Do We Expect from Foreign Policy?Levels of Analysis in Foreign PolicyIndividual Factors, or the Human Dimension: National Factors, or Domestic Attributes: Systemic Factors, or the Nature of the International System: Global Factors: The Foreign Policy ProcessFour Phases of Foreign Policy Making: --Phase One: Initiation or Articulation--Phase Two: The Formulation of Foreign Policy--Phase Three: Foreign Policy Implementation--Phase Four: Foreign Policy EvaluationForeign Policy Strategies and ToolsSticks: Military and Economic Tools: Carrots: Foreign Assistance: Sermons: Diplomatic Messaging and the Use of the Media: Soft and Hard Power in Foreign Policy: Foreign Policy Styles and TraditionsGreat Powers, Middle Powers, and Small States: --Great-Power Foreign Policy--Middle-Power Foreign Policy--Small-State Foreign PolicyFEATURESCase Study: RefugeesGlobal Perspective: Central America: A Perpetual Pursuit of Union?Theory in Practice: The Impact of Globalization on Different Kinds of StatesThinking About Global Politics: Designing a New World OrderChapter 5. Global and Regional Governance, Devon Curtis, Christian Reus-Smit, Paul Taylor, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerInternational LawInternational Order and Institutions: Criticisms of International Law: From International to Supranational Law?: The United NationsA Brief History of the United Nations and Its Principal Organs: --The Security Council--The General Assembly--The Secretariat--The Economic and Social Council--The Trusteeship Council--The International Court of JusticeMaintenance of International Peace and SecurityIncreased Attention to Conditions Within States: Intervention Within States: Economic and Social Questions: The Reform Process of the United NationsCountry Level: Headquarters Level: The European Union and Other Regional OrganizationsThe Process of European Integration: Other Regional Actors: The African Union and the Organization of American States: The Growth of Global Civil SocietyMultinational CorporationsINGOs as Global Political ActorsSources of INGO Power: Forms of INGO Power: --Information Politics--Symbolic Politics--Leverage Politics--Accountability Politics--Global Campaign PoliticsCelebrity DiplomacyFoundations and Think TanksCriminal and Terrorist Networks as Global ActorsFEATURESTheory in Practice: Neoconservatives and the United NationsCase Study: A Global Campaign: The Baby Milk Advocacy NetworkGlobal Perspective: Nongovernmental Organizations and Protecting the Rights of ChildrenThinking About Global Politics: Who Could Help Tomorrow? Twenty Global Problems and Global Issues NetworksPART III. GLOBAL ISSUESChapter 6. Global Security, Military Power, and Terrorism, John Baylis, Darryl Howlett, James D. Kiras, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerWhat Is "Security"?Mainstream and Critical Approaches to SecurityRealist and Neorealist Views on Global Security: Liberal Institutionalist Views on Global Security: The Constructivist Approach to Global Security: The Feminist Approach to Global Security: Marxist and Radical Liberal or Utopian Approaches to Security: The Changing Character of WarThe Nature of War: The Revolution in Military Affairs: Postmodern War: Globalization and New Wars: New Roles for NATO?: Nuclear Proliferation and NonproliferationProliferation Optimism and Pessimism: Nuclear Weapons Effects: The Current Nuclear Age: Nuclear Motivations: Nuclear Capabilities and Intentions: Terrorism and ExtremismTerrorism: From Domestic to Global PhenomenaThe Impact of Globalization on TerrorismCultural Explanations: Economic Explanations: Religion and "New" Terrorism: The Current Challenge: The Islamic State: Globalization, Technology, and TerrorismProselytizing: Security of Terrorist Organizations: Mobility: Combating TerrorismCounterterrorism Activities: FEATURESCase Study: U. S. Drone Warfare: A Robotic Revolution in Modern CombatTheory in Practice: The Realist-Theory Perspective and the War on TerrorismGlobal Perspective: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Fighting Terrorism in the Former Communist BlocThinking About Global Politics: Perspectives on the Arms RaceChapter 7. Human Rights and Human Security, Amitav Acharya, Alex J. Bellamy, Chris Brown, Nicholas J. Wheeler, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerWhat Are Human Rights?The Liberal Account of Rights: Human Rights and State Sovereignty: International Human Rights LegislationThe Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Subsequent UN Legislation: Enforcement of Human Rights Legislation: What Is Human Security?Origin of the Concept: Human Security and Development: Human Security and Refugees: Common Security: History of Humanitarian Activism and InterventionIntervention and Nonintervention in the 1990s: Universalism Challenged: Humanitarian DimensionsPolitical and Economic Rights and Security: Human Rights and Human Security During Conflict: Women, Conflict, and Human Security: The Role of the International CommunityFEATURESCase Study: A Failed InterventionGlobal Perspective: Asian ValuesTheory in Practice: Gendered Perspective on Human RightsThinking About Global Politics: What Should be Done? National Interests Versus Human InterestsChapter 8. Global Trade and Finance, Steven L. Lamy and John MaskerThe Emergence of a Global Trade and Monetary SystemGlobal Trade and Finance Actors in a Globalizing EconomyCross-Border Transactions: Open-Border Transactions: Transborder Transactions: Global TradeTransborder Production: Transborder Products: Global FinanceGlobal Money: Global Banking: Global Securities: Global Derivatives: Continuity and Change in Economic GlobalizationIrregular Incidence: The Persistence of Territory: The Survival of the State: The Continuance of Nationalism and Cultural Diversity: FEATURESTheory in Practice: Contending Views of CapitalismGlobal Perspective: The Trans-Pacific PartnershipCase Study: Southern Debt in Global FinanceThinking About Global Politics: Globalization: Productive, Predatory, or Inconsequential?Chapter 9. Poverty, Development, and Hunger, Caroline Thomas, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerPovertyDevelopmentPost-1945 International Economic Liberalism and the Orthodox Development Model: The Post-1945 International Economic Order: Results: Economic Development: Orthodox and Alternative Evaluations: A Critical Alternative View of Development: Democracy, Empowerment, and Development: The Orthodoxy Incorporates Criticisms: An Appraisal of the Responses of the Orthodox Approach to Its Critics: HungerThe Orthodox, Nature-Focused Explanation of Hunger: The Entitlement, Society-Focused Explanation of Hunger: Globalization and Hunger: FEATURESCase Study: Ideas and Development in the Contemporary Coffee-Producing SectorTheory in Practice: The Terms of DevelopmentGlobal Perspective: Life in Zimbabwe: Poverty, Hunger, Development, and PoliticsThinking About Global Politics: Development Assistance as Foreign Policy StatecraftChapter 10. Environmental Issues, John Vogler, Steven L. Lamy, and John MaskerEnvironmental Issues on the International Agenda: A Brief HistoryThe Paris Climate Summit 2015: The Environment and International Relations TheoryThe Functions of International Environmental CooperationTransboundary Trade and Pollution Control: Norm Creation: Aid and Capacity Building: Scientific Understanding: Governing the Commons: Environmental Regimes: Climate ChangeFEATURESGlobal Perspective: "The Doomsday" Seed VaultTheory in Practice: Regime Theory and the Montreal ProtocolCase Study: Common but Differentiated Responsibilities?Thinking About Global Politics:The Environment: Images and OptionsGlossary: References: Credits: Index:

Editorial Reviews

"Very comprehensive! Introduction to Global Politics includes strong examples and useful tables. The text is successful at making IR meaningful for students." --Krista Tuomi, American University