Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, Issues, and Practice

Paperback | December 5, 2016

byPaul A. Haslam, Jessica Schafer, Pierre Beaudet

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Introduction to International Development is a collection of contributed chapters comprised of original essays by leading experts from a variety of disciplines. With ten new chapters and a new part on the practice of international development, this fully revised edition continues to givestudents a foundational overview to the field as well as in-depth coverage of issues at the heart of today's most pressing international debates.

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Introduction to International Development is a collection of contributed chapters comprised of original essays by leading experts from a variety of disciplines. With ten new chapters and a new part on the practice of international development, this fully revised edition continues to givestudents a foundational overview to the field as ...

Paul Haslam is associate professor in the International Development and Globalization program at the University of Ottawa. Jessica Schafer was assistant professor at the International Development and Globalization program at the University of Ottawa from 2006-2008. She is currently assistant manager of performance audit at the Offi...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:592 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.71 inPublished:December 5, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199018901

ISBN - 13:9780199018901

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Table of Contents

Part I: Theories and Approaches in International Development1. Meaning, Measurement, and Morality in International Developmentment, Jessica Schafer, Paul A. Haslam, and Pierre BeaudetWhat Is the Developing World?Labelling in International DevelopmentGrowth, Inequality, Poverty, and DevelopmentGlobal Ethics and International DevelopmentEthical Behaviour and the Development Practitioner2. Imperialism and the Colonial Experience, Erica AllinaEuropean Expansion and ConquestRival Empires of Trade"High" Imperialism in AfricaCommon Themes in the Colonial Experience3. Theories of Development, Radhika DesaiDevelopment Avant La LettreThe Moment of DevelopmentDisputing DevelopmentConclusion: Whither Development?4. Post-Development and Alternatives to Development, Aram Ziai (NEW)The Origins of Post-DevelopmentPost-Development: Core ArgumentsAlternatives to DevelopmentDebating Post-DevelopmentConclusion: Two Positions5. Gender and Development: Theoretical Contributions, International Commitments, and Global Campaigns, Rebecca Tiessen, Jane Parpart, and Marianne H. Marchand (NEW)Theoretical Contributions and Feminist InsightsMasculinities, Gender-Based Violence and (In)securityInternational Commitments and Global CampaignsTaking Stock: Achievements, Possibilities and Ongoing Gaps in Gender and Development6. Globalization and Development, Pierre BeaudetIntroductionGlobalization and Developing CountriesAnother Globalization?Movement from BelowCan the World Change?Facing the Biggest ChallengeLooking AheadPart II: International Development Actors7. State of the State: Does the State Have a Role in Development?, Anil HiraWhat Is the State? The Legacy of ColonialismDefining the State's Role in DevelopmentCentral Debates about the Role of the State in Economic DevelopmentGovernance as a Process of Democratization8. National Development Agencies and Bilateral Aid, Stephen BrownClarifying the TerminologyOverview of Aid DonorsDonor MotivesCharacteristics of DonorsAid Recipients9. The International Financial Institutions, Marcus TaylorIntroductionThe Origins of the IMF and World BankGovernance StructuresThe Turbulent 1970sThe Debt Crisis, Structural Adjustment, and ConditionalityBeyond Structural Adjustment?The World Bank, Good Governance, and Institution-BuildingThe IMF and the Asian CrisisInto the New Millennium: Poverty Reduction and Country OwnershipA New Crisis or a New Beginning?10. The United Nations and Multilateral Actors in Development, David SoggeThe United Nations SystemThe AgenciesTrends and Prospects for UN AgenciesMultilateral Organizations Anchored in Western GovernmentsMultilateral Organizations Anchored in Non-Western GovernmentsOne World, Many Regions11. Private Enterprise and Development, Paul A. HaslamEntrepreneurship and Small-Scale EnterpriseWhat Is a Multinational Corporation?What Motivates Multinationals to Go Abroad?Relationship between States and MultinationalsInternational Regulation of MNCSCorporate Social ResponsibilityPartnerships for Development12. Civil Society and Development, Henry VeltmeyerCivil Society: The Itinerary of a ConceptCivil Society in ContextThe Economic and Political Dynamics of Development and Civil SocietyThe Emergence of a Global Civil Society: The Political Dynamics of Anti-GlobalizationCivil Society and Local DevelopmentNGOs: Catalysts for Development or Agents of Outside Interests?Civil Society and Multinational CorporationsDevelopment beyond Neoliberalism: Civil Society and the StateGlobalization, the State, and Civil SocietyPart III: Issues in International Development13. China and the Emerging Economies, Jing Gu (NEW)IntroductionChina's Approach to International DevelopmentChina in AfricaNew Development Thinking and InstitutionsThe BRICS and Other Emerging Economies14. Debt and Development, Joseph Hanlon and Tim JonesLending to Developing CountriesGovernments, Politics, the Cold War, and the Debt CrisisThe 1980s Debt Crisis and HIPCThe South and the Poor Pay to Solve the Northern CrisisWhat Is the Responsibility of the Lender?15. Free Trade, Fair Trade, and South-South Trade, Gavin FridellIntroductionFree Trade and Fair Trade Since 1945The Limits of a Trade Perspective: "It's Not about Free Trade"The Rise of South-South TradeThe Future of International Trade: "Dynamic" or "Defying" Comparative Advantage?16. Democracy, Cedric JourdeClarifying the Concepts: A Difficult Task"Waves" of DemocratizationExplaining Democratization: Structures or Actors? The National or International Arena?After Democratic Transition: Consolidation or a Return to Authoritarian Rule?The Causal Weight of Democratization in Economic and Social Development17. Climate Change, Environment, and Development, Chukwumerije Okereke and Abu-Bakar Siddiq Massaquoi (NEW)The Central Paradox and Contending ApproachesA History of Global Environmentalism and International Co-Operation for Sustainable DevelopmentClimate ChangeControversies and Crosscutting Themes18. Rural Development, Joshua RamischIntroductionPutting the "Rural" in ContextRural TransformationsModelsChallenges19. Urban Development: Cities in the Global South, Anne Latendresse, Lisa Bornstein, and Jane ReidIntroductionUnderstanding UrbanizationUrbanization across Time and SpaceUrban Crisis and the Challenge of Sustainable Urban DevelopmentCities, Globalization, and Socio-Spatial FragmentationThe Expansion of SlumsForces of Change: International Institutions, Local Governments, and Grassroots InitiativesThe Right to the CityFuture Needs20. Development and Health, Ted SchreckerIntroduction: Wealth, Health, and the Rest of the Story"Great Divides" and Socio-Economic GradientsGlobalization and Health: Trade and Investment Agreements as a Case StudyThe Changing Landscape of Global Health and Development PolicyDevelopment and Health: The Uncertain Future21. Conflict and Development, Torunn Wimpelmann and Astri SuhrkePosing the QuestionDefinitions, Approaches, and MethodsConflict and Development: Perspectives and FindingsDevelopment as a Conflictual Process: No Development Without Conflict?Dealing with the Development-Conflict Nexus: Intervention and Peace-BuildingLearning from History22. Information Technologies and Development, Erwin AlampayTechnology and SocietyThe Information SocietyICTs and SocietyThe Digital DivideUsing ICTs for Development23. Culture and Development, Nissim MannathukkarenIntroductionWhat Is Culture?The Cultural Versus the MaterialCulture as Domination and Culture as ResistanceThe Cultural TurnPart IV: Practice in International Development24. Understanding Global Poverty Reduction: Ideas, Actors, and Institution, David Hulme and Sophie King (NEW)Poverty in Social and Development TheoryWhat Is Poverty?Development as Poverty Reduction: A Brief HistoryReducing Poverty: Ideas, Actors, and InstitutionsMaterial Capabilities and National InterestsWhat Has Been Achieved?25. Measuring and Evaluating Poverty, Keetie Roelen (NEW)IntroductionEvolution of Thinking on PovertyMonetary PovertyMultidimensional PovertyDifferent Measures - Different OutcomesPoverty Measurement and Policy26. Inequality and Social Policy, Arjan de HaanIntroductionWhat Is Inequality?Approaches to Social PolicyConclusion: Measuring Social Policy Success27. Planning and Appraising Development Projects, David Potts (NEW)What Is a Project?The Project ProcessPlanning Projects and the Logical FrameworkProject AppraisalFinancial AnalysisEconomic AnalysisExternalities and the EnvironmentShadow PricesDiscount RateCost Effectiveness Analysis and the Social SectorsSensitivity and Risk Analysis28. Humanitarian Assistance and Intervention, Laura Hammond (NEW)IntroductionHistory of Humanitarian ActionDunantist and Wilsonian Humanitarian OrganizationsContemporary Challenges to HumanitarianismPrincipled Action: Neutrality and ImpartialityEthical Dilemmas29. Ethics of Development, Des Gasper (NEW)Historical ContextJustice and Harm; Rights and ResponsibilitiesReflection on Meanings of Well-Being and Ill-BeingActivities and Tools in Development EthicsGlossaryIndex

Editorial Reviews

"[This text is] particularly strong in terms of the breadth of themes covered, and in the inclusion of highly visible, well-respected, and critically oriented scholars, who provide well-researched articles." --Kate Ervine, Saint Mary's University