Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings

Paperback | July 2, 2015

byJohn Perry, Michael Bratman, John Martin Fischer

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Easy to use for both students and instructors alike, this text is a comprehensive, topically-organized collection of classical and contemporary philosophy. Ideal for introductory philosophy courses, the text includes sections on God and Evil, Knowledge and Reality, the Philosophy of Science,the Mind/Body problem, Freedom of Will, Consciousness, Ethics, Political Philosophy, Existential Issues, and Puzzles and Paradoxes.

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Easy to use for both students and instructors alike, this text is a comprehensive, topically-organized collection of classical and contemporary philosophy. Ideal for introductory philosophy courses, the text includes sections on God and Evil, Knowledge and Reality, the Philosophy of Science,the Mind/Body problem, Freedom of Will, Consc...

John Perry is Henry Waldgrave Stuart Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at Stanford University and Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of California, Riverside. Michael Bratman is U.G. and Abbie Birch Durfee Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences and Professor of Philosophy at Stanford Univers...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:928 pages, 9.21 × 7.52 × 1.3 inPublished:July 2, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190200235

ISBN - 13:9780190200237

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Table of Contents

*=New to this EditionPart I: PhilosophyBertrand Russell, "The Value of Philosophy"Plato, "Apology: Defence of Socrates"Part II: God and EvilA. Why Believe?Saint Anselm, "The Ontological Argument"Saint Thomas Aquinas, "The Existence of God"William Paley, "Natural Theology"Blaise Pascal, "The Wager"B. The Problem of EvilDavid Hume, "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion"Gottfried Leibniz, "God, Evil, and the Best of All Possible Worlds"John Perry, "Dialogue on Good, Evil, and the Existence of God"Marilyn Adams, "Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God" *Stewart Sutherland, "Horrendous Evils and the Goodness of God" *Eleonore Stump, "The Mirror of Evil" *Louise Antony, "For the Love of Reason" *Part III: Knowledge and RealityA. Descartes and the Problems of SkepticismRene Descartes, "Meditations on First Philosophy"Christopher Grau, "Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and The Matrix"Robert Nozick, "Excerpt from Philosophical Explanations"B. Hume's Problems and Some SolutionsDavid Hume, "Of Scepticism with Regard to the Senses"David Hume, "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding"W. C. Salmon, "The Problem of Induction"Part IV: Minds, Bodies, and PersonsA. The Traditional Problem of Mind and BodyBertrand Russell, "The Argument from Analogy for Other Minds"Gilbert Ryle, "Descartes's Myth"David M. Armstrong, "The Nature of Mind"Paul M. Churchland, "Eliminative Materialism"Frank Jackson, "What Mary Didn't Know"B. Minds, Brains, and MachinesA. M. Turing, "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"John R. Searle, "Minds, Brains, and Programs"C. Personal IdentityJohn Perry, "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality"Bernard Williams, "The Self and the Future"Derek Parfit, "Personal Identity"J. David Velleman, "So It Goes"Daniel Dennett, "Where Am I?"D. Freedom, Determinism, and ResponsibilityRoderick M. Chisholm, "Human Freedom and the Self"Peter van Inwagen, "The Powers of Rational Beings: Freedom of the Will"David Hume, "Of Liberty and Necessity"Harry Frankfurt, "Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility"John Martin Fischer, "Responsiveness and Moral Responsibility"Harry Frankfurt, "Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person"Gary Watson," Free Agency" *Susan Wolf, "Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility" *Part V: Ethics and SocietyA. UtilitarianismJeremy Bentham, "The Principle of Utility"John Stuart Mill, "Utilitarianism"E. F. Carritt, "Criticisms of Utilitarianism"J. J. C. Smart, "Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism"Bernard Williams, "Utilitarianism and Integrity"Peter Singer, "Famine, Affluence, and Morality"B. Kantian EthicsImmanuel Kant, "Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals"J. David Velleman, "A Brief Introduction to Kantian Ethics"Onora O'Neill, "Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems"C. Aristotelian EthicsAristotle, "Nicomachean Ethics"Rosalind Hursthouse, "Right Action"D. Justice and EqualityJohn Rawls, "A Theory of Justice"Robert Nozick, "Justice and Entitlement"G. A. Cohen, "Where the Action Is: On the Site of Distributive Justice"John Stuart Mill, "The Subjection of Women"Annette Baier, "The Need for More Than Justice" *E. Contemporary Moral ProblemsJudith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion" *Rosalind Hursthouse, "Thomson's Arguments" *Debra Satz, "Markets in Women's Reproductive Labor"Kwame Anthony Appiah, "Racisms"Linda Martin Alcoff, "Racism and Visible Race" *F. Challenges to MoralityPlato, "The Republic"David Hume, "An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals"David Gauthier, "Morality and Advantage"J. L. Mackie, "The Subjectivity of Values"Gilbert Harmon, "Ethics and Observation"Nicholas L. Sturgeon, "Moral Explanations"Part VI: Existential IssuesAlbert Camus, "The Myth of Sisyphus"Thomas Nagel, "The Absurd"Richard Taylor, "The Meaning of Human Existence"Susan Wolf, "The Meanings of Lives"Thomas Nagel, "Death"Anthony L. Brueckner and John Martin Fischer, "Why Is Death Bad?"Dan Moller, "Love and Death" *Part VII: Puzzles and ParadoxesA. Zeno's ParadoxesAchilles and the TortoiseThe RacecourseThe Argument Against PluralityB. Metaphysical and Epistemological Puzzles and ParadoxesThe Paradox of IdentityThe Paradox of the HeapThe Surprise ExaminationGoodman's New Riddle of InductionC. Puzzles of Rational ChoiceThe Prisoner's DilemmaNewcomb's ProblemKavka's Toxin PuzzleQuinn's Puzzle of the Self-TorturerD. Paradoxes of Logic, Set Theory, and SemanticsThe Paradox of the LiarOther Versions of the LiarRussell's ParadoxGrelling's ParadoxE. Puzzles of EthicsThe Trolley ProblemDucking Harm and Sacrificing OthersGlossary of Philosophical Terms

Editorial Reviews

"Introduction to Philosophy has sections on most of the central topics in philosophy, making it adaptable to almost any topical introduction to the field. It has a good selection of classical texts on each topic, and, for some topics, a nice sampling of more contemporary literature." --Louise Antony, University of Massachusetts Amherst