Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings by Louis P. PojmanIntroduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings by Louis P. Pojman

Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings

byLouis P. Pojman, James Fieser

Paperback | November 8, 2007

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Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings is a topically-organized introductory anthology. Presenting opposing arguments on a variety of issues, its 84 selections represent some of Western philosophy's leading contributions across five major areas: theory of knowledge,philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, free will and determinism, and moral philosophy. Louis P. Pojman and new co-editor James Fieser introduce each of these areas, their subsections, and each of the readings, providing background information and summarizing key themes. Beginning with theopening section, "What Is Philosophy?" they bring forth a compelling sampling of classical material - including selections from Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant - while also highlighting some of philosophy's most influential contemporary work - including selections fromHarry Frankfurt, Richard Taylor, John Searle, and Thomas Nagel. Now in its fourth edition, the book features Questions for Further Reflection following each selection, Suggestions for Further Reading, a glossary, two appendices ("How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper" and "A Little Bit ofLogic"), and nine new selections.

About The Author

Louis Pojman is a Retired Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. James Fieser is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee at Martin.
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Title:Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary ReadingsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:704 pages, 7.52 × 9.09 × 0.71 inPublished:November 8, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195311612

ISBN - 13:9780195311617

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Table of Contents

Preface: I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?Plato, Socratic WisdomJohn Locke, Philosophy as the Love of Truth versus EnthusiasmBertrand Russell, The Value of PhilosophyII. THEORY OF KNOWLEDGEClassical Theories on Certainty and the Sources of KnowledgePlato, The Theory of Forms and Doctrine of RecollectionSextus Empiricus, Skepticism and TranquilityRene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy (complete)John Locke, Knowledge through ExperienceGeorge Berkeley, An Idealist Theory of KnowledgeDavid Hume, Experience and the Limits of Human ReasonImmanuel Kant, The Copernican Revolution in KnowledgeB. Contemporary Theories on the Limits of KnowledgeJohn Maynard Smith, Science and MythNorman Malcolm, Two Types of KnowledgeKarl Popper, Epistemology without a Knowing SubjectRichard Rorty, Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus ObjectivityDaniel Dennett, Postmodernism and TruthLorraine Code, A Feminist Epistemology?III. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGIONA. Traditional Arguments for the Existence of GodSaint Thomas Aquinas, The Five WaysSamuel Clarke and David Hume, The Causal Argument for GodF.C. Copleston and Bertrand Russell, A Debate on the Argument from ContingencyWilliam Paley, The Watch and the WatchmakerDavid Hume, A Critique of the Teleological ArgumentAnselm versus Gaunilo, The Ontological ArgumentF.C. Copleston and Bertrand Russell, A Debate on the Argument from Religious ExperienceC.D. Broad, The Argument from Religious ExperienceB. The Problem of EvilVoltaire, The Best of All Possible Worlds?B. Moral ResponsibilityAristotle, Voluntary Action and ResponsibilityEpictetus, Stoic Resignation to FateGalen Strawson, The Impossibility of Moral ResponsibilityMichael Levin, A Compatibilist Defense of Moral ResponsibilityLois Hope Walker, A Libertarian Defense of Moral ResponsibilityC. PunishmentImmanuel Kant, The Right to Punish: RetributivismJonathan Glover, Utilitarianism and PunishmentKarl Menninger, The Crime of Punishment: The Humanitarian TheoryC.S. Lewis, Against the Humanitarian Theory of RehabilitationJohn Rawls, Two Concepts of PunishmentVI. MORAL PHILOSOPHYPlato, Socratic Morality: CritoA. Moral RelativismHerodotus, Custom Is KingRuth Benedict, In Defense of Moral RelativismLouis P. Pojman, Ethical Relativism versus Ethical ObjectivismJ.L. Mackie, The Subjectivity of ValuesLouis P. Pojman, A Critique of Mackie's Theory of Moral SubjectivismFyodor Dostoyevsky, Why Is There Evil?Bruce Russell, The Problem of Evil: Why Is There So Much Suffering?Richard Swinburne, A Theistic Response to the Problem of EvilC. Faith and ReasonAntony Flew, R.M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell, A Debate on Rationality and Religious BeliefBlaise Pascal, Faith Is a Rational WagerW.K. Clifford, The Ethics of BeliefWilliam James, The Will to BelieveAlvin Plantinga, Religious Belief without EvidenceIV. PHILOSOPHY OF MINDA. The Mind-Body ProblemRene Descartes, Interactive DualismAnne Conway, Mind and Body as a ContinuumJerome Shaffer, Consciousness and the Mind-Body ProblemPaul Churchland, A Critique of DualismPaul Churchland, On Functionalism and MaterialismThomas Nagel, What Is It Like to Be a Bat?David Chalmers, Against Materialism: Can Consciousness Be Reductively Explained?John Searle, Minds, Brains, and ComputersB. The Problem of Personal IdentityJohn Locke, The Self as Psychological PropertiesDavid Hume, The Self as a Bundle of PerceptionsDerek Parfit and Godfrey Vesey, Brain Transplants and Personal Identity: A DialogueC. Personal Identity and Survival: Will I Survive My Death?Plato, Arguments for the Immortality of the SoulBertrand Russell, The Illusion of ImmortalityJohn Hick, In Defense of Life after DeathV. FREEDOM OF THE WILL, RESPONSIBILITY, AND PUNISHMENTA. Free Will and DeterminismBaron Paul Henri d'Holbach, A Defense of DeterminismRichard Taylor, Libertarianism: Defense of Free WillW.T. Stace, Compatibilism: Free Will Is Consistent with DeterminismJohn Hospers, Determinism: Free Will and PsychoanalysisHarry Frankfurt, Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a PersonB. Morality and Self-InterestPlato, Gyges' Ring, or Is the Good Good for You?James Rachels, Ethical EgoismJ.L. Mackie, The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of EvolutionC. Religion and EthicsPlato, The Divine Command Theory of EthicsBertrand Russell, A Free Man's WorshipGeorge Mavrodes, Religion and the Queerness of MoralityKai Nielsen, Ethics without ReligionD. Standards of Moral EvaluationAristotle, VirtuesThomas Hobbes, The Social ContractJohn Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism and PleasureImmanuel Kant, Duty and the Categorical ImperativeE. Challenges to Traditional Moral TheoriesDavid Hume, Morality Not Derived from ReasonAlfred Jules Ayer, Emotivism and PrescriptivismFriedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and EvilWilliam Gass, The Case of the Obliging StrangerThomas Nagel, Moral LuckAppendix I. How to Read and Write a Philosophy PaperAppendix II. A Little Bit of Logic