Introduction to Physical Hydrology

Paperback | February 4, 2010

byMartin Hendriks

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of physical hydrology inform our understanding of climate and global hydrology - the large-scale study of hydrology with which we need to grapple to fully understand the impact of the climate on water supply.The study of physical properties is done most effectively through mathematical representations of concepts and processes. Introduction to Physical Hydrology includes a carefully-developed and class-tested learning framework: an extensive range of examples and exercises, and further maths support inthe form of a series of Maths Toolboxes help the reader engage with and understand the maths required to master the subject.With hydrology now being approached from environmental and social perspectives, in addition to the more traditional physical geography and civil engineering perspectives, there has never been a more important time to develop a sound understanding of the subject. Introduction to Physical Hydrology isthe perfect course companion while you develop this understanding.

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Introduction to Physical Hydrology provides a solid grounding in the principles of the subject. Exploring the principal rules that govern the flow of water on the land, it considers the three major types of water: atmospheric, ground, and soil. It gives insights into the major hydrologicalprocesses, and shows how the principles of phys...

Martin Hendriks is Associate Professor of Physical Hydrology at Utrecht University, where he teaches hydrology and physical geography at all levels, and co-ordinates their MSc programme in Physical Geography and Hydrology.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pagesPublished:February 4, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199296847

ISBN - 13:9780199296842

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Table of Contents

Part 1: Introduction1.1. Major water types1.2. Hydrological cycle1.3. Drainage basin hydrological processes1.4. Water balancePart 2: Atmospheric water2.1. Cloud formation2.2. Generation of precipitation2.3. Precipitation types2.4. Measuring precipitation2.5. Areal precipitation2.6. Evaporation types and measurement2.7. Estimating evaporation: Penman-MonteithPart 3: Groundwater3.1. Misconceptions3.2. Drilling a hole3.3. Bernoulli to the aid3.4. Aqui3.5. Effective infiltration velocity and infiltration rate3.6. The soil as a wet sponge3.7. Brothers in science: Darcy and Ohm3.8. Refracting the water3.9. Keep it simple and confined3.10. Continuity and its consequences3.11. Going Dutch3.12. Flow nets3.13. Groundwater flow regimes and systems3.14. Fresh and saline: Ghijben-Herzberg3.15. Groundwater hydraulicsPart 4: Soil water4.1. Negative water pressures4.2. Determining the total potential4.3. The soil as dry filter paper or a wet sponge4.4. The soil moisture characteristic4.5. Drying and wetting: hysteresis4.6. Unsaturated water flow4.7. Moving up: capillary rise and evaporation4.8. Moving down: infiltration and percolation4.9. Preferential flowPart 5: Surface water5.1. Bernoulli revisited5.2. Measuring stage, water velocity and discharge5.3. Hydrograph analysis5.4. Conceptual rainfall-runoff models5.5. Variable source area hydrologyA Alternative hydrological termsB Boxes inventoryC Conceptual ToolkitD Answers to the exercisesE Mathematics Toolboxes

Editorial Reviews

"a detailed and thorough review of the physical principles of hydrology... case studies and examples as 'boxes', and student exercises (along with the all important answers) makes this student textbook a useful addition to the literature available in this subject area." --Dr Ian Maddock, Principal Lecturer in Physical Geography, University of Worcester