This reference is a survey of the major issues in teacher education today in a representative group of 21 countries around the world. This volume gives an overview of current problems and policies, approaches and trends, and future outlooks for deans of schools, colleges, and departments of education; directors of teacher education programs; government officials involved in education; and teachers and students engaged in comparative education and teacher training. The country studies are written, with one exception, by native scholars and experts. This international handbook assesses recruitment conditions, pre-service teacher education policy, governance and quality control issues, research needs, professionalism and the activities of teacher educators, inservice education services, and the development of native and indigenous teacher training in developing countries. This reference opens up new lines of research in worldwide trends, problems, and new directions needed in the future. The appendix provides a comparative table of statistics relating to factors in teacher education, and a bibliographic essay presents key research materials for further study.