IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications by M. D. GilchristIUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications by M. D. Gilchrist

IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to Applications

EditorM. D. Gilchrist

Paperback | January 29, 2011

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Substantial fundamental work has been undertaken in the different aspects of impact biomechanics over the past three decades. Much of this has been motivated and undertaken by the automotive industry in their efforts to improve transport safety. More recently, however, it has become apparent that the multidisciplinary synergies which are realised by interactions between engineers, scientists and clinical practitioners will ultimately lead to a greater understanding of the complex interacting phenomena within the human body after it has sustained an impact. In turn, this greater depth of knowledge will provide more fundamental insights into the analysis, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of impact injuries across a broader spectrum of accident environments.This book contains the edited papers of the IUTAM Symposium on the Biomechanics of Impact, which was held in University College Dublin, Ireland in July 2005. These papers can be grouped into those that are concerned with the different causes of accidents (e.g., transport, occupational and sports injuries), the mechanics involved in accident analysis (e.g., accident investigation, computational modelling techniques), the different types of resulting traumatic injuries (including musculoskeletal, organ, spinal and head injuries), methods of assessing the extent of injury (e.g., injury assessment, injury criteria, constitutive laws for human tissue), and providing protection during an impact (e.g., injury prevention, energy absorption materials, and safety devices). Researchers active in the area of biomechanics will find the book very useful in addressing recent developments in these areas.
Title:IUTAM Symposium on Impact Biomechanics: From Fundamental Insights to ApplicationsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:504 pages, 9.45 × 6.3 × 0.27 inPublished:January 29, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048169682

ISBN - 13:9789048169689

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Table of Contents

Preface; SESSION 1: The Contribution of Accident Investigation Research to Biomechanics, by M. Mackay; Modeling the Effects of Blast on the Human Thorax Using High Strain Rate Viscoelastic Properties of Human Tissue, by E.E. Ward, M. Kleinbergeic, A.M. Lennon and J.C. Roberts; Preliminary Analysis of Blunt Ballistic Impacts to the Abdomen, by C. Bir and J. Eck;Development of an Assessment Methodology for Lower Leg Injuries Resulting from Anti-Vehicular Blast Landmines, by J. Manseau and M. Keown; Occupant Lower Leg Injury Assessment in Landmine Detonations under a Vehicle, by M.J. van der Horst, C.K. Simms, R. van Maasdam and P.J.C. Leerdam; The Simulated Response of Cortical and Cancellous Bone to Various Rates of Loading - A Preliminary Numerical Study, by L.A. Oerder and G.N. Nurick. ESSION 2: Multibody Dynamics Approaches for Biomechanical Modeling in Human Impact Applications, by J. Ambrósio and M. Silva; Reconstructing Real Life Accidents towards Establishing Criteria for Traumatic Head Impact Injuries, by M.C. Doorly, J.P. Phillips and M.D. Gilchrist; Combined Multi-Body Dynamic and FE Models of Human Head and Neck, by V. Esat, D.W. van Lopik and M. Acar; Three Years' Old Child Neck Finite Element Modelisation, by R. Dupuis, F Meyer and R. Willinger; Response Analysis of Lumbar Vertebra Model under Axial Impact Loading, by J. Fang, J. Cao, J. Zhang, Q.G. Rong and D.G. Zhou.SESSION 3: Head Impact Biomechanics in Sport, by D.C. Viano; Biofidelity of Dummy and FEM Necks in the Frequency Domain, by N. Bourdet, R. Fischer, F. Meyer and R. Willinger; Influence of Helmet Inertial Properties on Neck Injury Risk during Ejection: A Numerical Human Model Approach, by S. Laporte, E. Chavary, W. Skalli and A. Guillaume; Quasi-Analytic Acceleration Injury Risk Functions: Application to Car Occupant Risk in Frontal Collisions, by D. Wood, C. Simms, C. Glynn, A. Kuligren and A. Ydenius; Modeffing of Frontal Collisions from Onboard Recorder and Full Width Barrier Data, by C. Simms, D. Wood, C. Glynn, A. Kuligren and A. Ydenius; Accidents of Motorcyclists against Roadside Infrastructure, by El López-Valdés, D. Garcia, D. Pedrero and J.L. Moreno.SESSION 4: Biomechanical Aspects of Blunt and Penetrating Head Injuries, by N. Yoganandan, F.A. Pintar J. Zhang, T.A. Gennarelli and N. Beuse; Biomechanics of Frontal Skull Fracture, by H. Delye, P. Verschueren, B. Depreitere, C. Van Lierde, I. Verpoest, D. Berckmans, J. Vander Sloten, G. Van der Perre and J. Goffin; Numerical Modeling of the Human Head under Impact: New Injury Mechanisms and Tolerance Limits, by D. Baumgartner and R. Willinger; Mechanisms and Tolerance Cuiwes of Traumatic Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAT), by E. Schuller and I. Niemeyer; Sensory Disorders of the Auditory and Vestibular Systems Following Blunt Head Trauma, by A.Ernst; Biomechanical, Radiographic and Osteologic Observations of Lower Cervical Spine Injuries, by L. Kazarian and R. Shively. SESSION 5: Impact Injury in Sport, by A.S. Mcintosh; Clinical and Biomechanical Research for Bicycle Helmet Optimisation, by C. Van Lierde, B. Depreitere, P. Verschueren, H. Delye, D. Berckmans, I. Verpoest, J. Goffin, J. Vander Sloten and G. Van der Perre; Application of Finite Element Analysis to Helmet Design, by T. Smith, J. Lenkeit and J. Boughton; Finite Element Modeling for the Prediction of Blast Trauma, by A. Greer D. Cronin, C. Salisbury and K. Williams;Evaluation of Human Head Injury in Tracked Vehicle Subjected to Mine Blast, by F. Wang, H.P. Lee, C. Lu and Q.H. Cheng; Finite Volume Solution to High Rate Wave Propagation through a Lung Alveoli Stack, by O. Alakija, A. Ivankovic and A. Karac. SESSION 6: Cellular Basis for the Nonlinear Constitutive Properties of Brain Tissue, by M. DeRidder and D.F. Meaney; Cerebral Bridging Vein Rupture in Humans, by B. Depreitere, C. Van Lierde, P. Verschueren, H. Delye, D. Berckmans, I. Verpoest, J. Vander Sloten, G. Van der Perre and J. Goffin; Three Dimensional Passive Properties of Muscle Tissue in Compression,by M. Van Loocke, C. Simms and G. Lyons; A National Review of Surgically Treated Blunt Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Transections, by P.A. Naughton, L. Nölke, C. Shaw, D.G. Healy, A. O'Donnell and A.E. Wood; Lack of Consistency in Threat to Life from Single Injury Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) 4 Codes in Different Body Areas, by M. Woodford, 0. Bouamra, A. Wrotchford, D.W. Yates and F.E. Lecky.SESSION 7: Mechanical Factors in Osteoarthrosis, by J. O'Connor; The Initial Assessment and Management of Blunt Trauma, by A. Gleeson; Bioengineering and Orthopaedic Surgery in Practice, by P. Murray; The Impact Biomechanics of Spinal Column Injuries, by M.J. Shelly and A.R. Poynton; Brain Oedema and Intracranial Pressure, by J. Goffin; Traumatic Brain Injury, by J. Phillips; A Selective Depolarisation-Induced Increase in Excitatory Amino Acid Neurotransmitter Release in Rat Medial Prefrontal Cortex Using a Microdialysis Model of Traumatic Brain Injury, by A. Smyth, M.D. Gilchrist and W.T. O'Connor; Victims of Penetrating and Incised Wounds, by M.T. Cassidy and M. Curtis. SESSION 8 : Computational Human Body Models, by J. Wismans, R. Happee and J.A.W. van Dommelen; Reconstruction of Head Injury Cases Arising from Falls Using the UCD Brain Trauma Model, by M.C. Doorly, T.J. Horgan and M.D. Gilchrist; Numerical Human Model to Predict Side Impact Thoracic Trauma, by PA. Forbes, D.S. Cronin, Y.C. Deng and M. Boismenu; Numerical Simulation of Shoulder Response to a Lateral Impact with the HUMOS Model, by S. Duprey, K. Bruyere and J.-P Verriest; Finite Element Model of Human Skull Used for Head Injury Criteria Assessment , by O. Jirouek, I. Jfra, J. Jlrová and M. Micka; A Computational Study of the Optic Nerve Evulsion, by S. Cirovic, R.M. Bhola, D.R. Hose, I.C. Howard, P.W. Lawford and M.A. Parsons; An Anisotropic Viscous Hyperelastic Constitutive Model of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament Suitable for High Loading Rate Situations, by G. Limbert and J. Middleton.Author Index.Subject Index.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews of the first edition:"The study of biomechanics of impact suffered by the human body during accidents has proved worthwhile in recent years. This volume contains about 50 papers which . cover a wide range of topics centrally important for such a study. . Simulations reconstructing the accidents with the knowledge of biomechanical inputs reported in this volume will undoubtedly play a crucial role in reducing the injury. Thus this volume is indeed an indispensable reference for researchers in impact biomechanics." (R. Usha, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1087, 2006)