Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, Muslim Encounters and Exchanges by Sohail H. HashmiJust Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, Muslim Encounters and Exchanges by Sohail H. Hashmi

Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, Muslim Encounters and Exchanges

EditorSohail H. Hashmi

Paperback | June 27, 2012

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Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads explores the development of ideas of morally justified or legitimate war in Western and Islamic civilizations. Historically, these ideas have been grouped under three labels: just war, holy war, and jihad. A large body of literature exists exploring thedevelopment of just war and holy war concepts in the West and of jihad in Islam. Yet, to date, no book has investigated in depth the historical interaction between Western notions of just or holy war and Muslim definitions of jihad. This book is a major contribution to the comparative study of theethics of war and peace in the West and Islam. Its twenty chapters explore two broad questions:1. What historical evidence exists that Christian and Jewish writers on just war and holy war and Muslim writers on jihad knew of the other tradition? 2. What is the evidence in treatises, chronicles, speeches, ballads, and other historical records, or in practice, that either tradition influenced the other?The book surveys the period from the rise of Islam in the early seventh century to the present day. Part One surveys the impact of the early Islamic conquests upon Byzantine, Syriac, and Muslim thinking on justified war. Part Two probes developments during the Crusades. Part Three focuses on theearly modern period in Europe and the Ottoman Empire, followed by analysis of the era of European imperialism in Part Four. Part Five brings the discussion into the present period, with chapters analyzing the impact of international law and terrorism on conceptions of just war and jihad.

About The Author

Sohail H. Hashmi is Professor of International Relations and Alumnae Foundation Chair in the Social Sciences at Mount Holyoke College.
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Title:Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, Muslim Encounters and ExchangesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:496 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:June 27, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199755035

ISBN - 13:9780199755035

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Table of Contents

ContributorsSohail H. Hashmi and James Turner Johnson: IntroductionPart One: The Early Islamic Conquests1. Paul Stephenson: Religious Services for Byzantine Soldiers and the Possibility of Martyrdom: c. 400-c. 10002. Asma Afsaruddin: In Defense of All Houses of Worship?: Jihad in the Context of Interfaith Relations3. Michael Philip Penn: God's War and His Warriors: The First Hundred Years of Syriac Accounts of the Islamic ConquestsPart Two: The Crusades4. Joshua C. Birk: Imagining the Enemy: Southern Italian Perceptions of Islam at the Time of the First Crusade5. Suleiman A. Mourad and James E. Lindsay: Ibn 'Asakir and the Radicalization of Sunni Jihad Ideology in Crusader-Era Syria6. G. Scott Davis: Angles of Influence: Jihad and Just War in Early Modern Spain7. George R. Wilkes: Religious War in the Works of Maimonides: An Idea and Its Transit across the Medieval MediterraneanPart Three: Gunpowder Empires, Christian and Muslim8. Brinda Charry: Martyrdom and Modernity: The Discourse of Holy War in the Works of John Foxe and Francis Bacon9. A. Nuri Yurdusev: Ottoman Conceptions of War and Peace in the Classical Period10. John Kelsay: Islam and Christianity in the Works of Gentili, Grotius, and PufendorfPart Four: European Imperialism11. Benjamin Claude Brower: Just War and Jihad in the French Conquest of Algeria12. David Robinson: Jihad, Hijra, and Hajj in West Africa13. Heather J. Sharkey: Jihads and Crusades in Sudan: From 1881 to the Present14. Mustafa Aksakal: The Trained Triumphant Soldiers of the Prophet Muhammad: Holy War and Holy Peace in Modern Ottoman History15. Omar Khalidi: Muslim Debates on Jihad in British India: The Writings of Chiragh 'Ali and Abu al-A'la MawdudiPart Five: International Law and Outlaws16. Sohail H. Hashmi: Jihad and the Geneva Conventions: The Impact of International Law on Islamic Theory17. Suzanne Last Stone: The Jewish Law of War: The Turn to International Law and Ethics18. David B. Cook: Fighting to Create the Just State: Apocalypticism in Radical Muslim Discourse19. Martin L. Cook: How Has the Global Salafi Terrorist Movement Affected Western Just War Thinking?James Turner Johnson: Conclusion: A Look Back and a Look ForwardIndex