Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem

Paperback | January 16, 2016

byChristopher J. Insole

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Kant actively struggles with the problem of how to conceive of God's creative action in relation to human freedom. He comes to the view that human freedom can only be protected if God withdraws in certain ways from the created world. The two pillars of Kant's mature philosophy - transcendentalidealism and freedom - are in part shaped and motivated by Kant's need to provide a solution to his theological problem. The medieval and early modern theological tradition conceives of divine action as unlike the action of any created being. When the creature acts, God directly causes this action,but without reducing the creature's freedom. Kant explicitly discusses and rejects this account of divine and human concursus. This rejection has significant and surprising ramifications for Kant's wider philosophy, explaining otherwise incomprehensible claims in his critical philosophy. Christopher J. Insole presents a definitive study in the history of ideas, engaging with a wide range of Kant's texts from 1749 until the early 1800s. Many of these texts have received little or no attention in Kant studies to date. Insole places Kant's thought in relation to numerous historical andtraditional positions and illuminates these positions by a close engagement with recent debates in analytical philosophy and systematic theology. Kant is unrelentingly honest when grappling with the difficulty of relating divine and human freedom. This study, of Kant's theological struggle andlegacy, goes to the heart of the problem in the modern reception of what the Christian tradition has affirmed about human freedom. As such, the book throws light on one of the defining fault-lines in modern theology and philosophy.

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Kant actively struggles with the problem of how to conceive of God's creative action in relation to human freedom. He comes to the view that human freedom can only be protected if God withdraws in certain ways from the created world. The two pillars of Kant's mature philosophy - transcendentalidealism and freedom - are in part shaped a...

Christopher J. Insole is a senior lecturer in Philosophical Theology and Ethics at the University of Durham, UK. His work is concerned with the relationship between fundamental metaphysical and doctrinal commitments, and patterns of thought in meta-ethics and practical reasoning. This interest underlies publications on realism and anti...

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Kobo ebook|May 28 2013

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.07 inPublished:January 16, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198755198

ISBN - 13:9780198755197

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. The Creation3. Is God Free?4. The Problem5. The Solution6. Incoherence7. Belief8. Creating the Kingdom of Ends9. Concurrence10. Legacy

Editorial Reviews

"The book provides an exceptionally clear account of multiple aspects of Kant's thought as they bear upon this relatively neglected central theme as well as a host of new insights along the way." --Alex Englander, Reviews in Religion and Theology