Knowledge, Options, and Institutions

Paperback | March 1, 2008

byBruce Kogut

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Bruce Kogut's writing has sketched a theory of human motivation that sees managers as social, often altruistic, sometimes as selfish, who care about their colleagues and their status among them. For the first time this book collects together key pieces that show how this view works inapplication to practical managerial issues, such as technology transfer and licensing, joint ventures as options, and the diffusion of ideas and best practices in the world economy.In an extensive introduction to these chapters, Kogut grounds this view in recent work in neurosciences and behavioural experiments in human sociality. On this basis, he provides a critique of leading schools of thought in management, including the resource based view of the firm cognition, andexperimental economics. He proposes that people are hardwired to learn social norms and to develop identities that conform to social categories. This foundation supports a concept of coordination among people that is inscribed in social communities. It is this concept that leads to a theory ofthe firm as derived from social knowledge and shared identities. Kogut argues that the resource based view of the firm is only a view and it fails as a theory because it lacks a behavioural foundation. If it were to choose one, the choice would be between knowledge and organizational economics.Similarly, he argues that recent statements regarding cognition do not confront the age-old question of shared templates. If it did, it too would have to confront a theory of social knowledge. The author then proposes that this foundation is essential to an understanding of norms and institutionsas well. Thus, we are moving into a period in which rapid advances in neuroscience increasingly lead to an integrated foundation for the social sciences. This opening chapter is the gateway to the collected essays, which assemble the author's published articles on knowledge, options, and institutions. The book ends on the most recent work on open source software and generating rules. The chapter on open source discusses how new technology ischanging the face of innovation. The final article on generating rules is the segue to the author's current work that looks at how simple rules of social exchange leads to complex patterns of local and global knowledge.

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Bruce Kogut's writing has sketched a theory of human motivation that sees managers as social, often altruistic, sometimes as selfish, who care about their colleagues and their status among them. For the first time this book collects together key pieces that show how this view works inapplication to practical managerial issues, such as ...

Bruce Kogut received his Ph.D. from MIT, has been a chaired professor at Wharton (University of Pennsylvania) and at INSEAD (Fontainebleau), and as of September 2007 the Bernstein Chaired Professor at Columbia University. Awarded an honorary doctorate at the Stockholm School of Economics where he has often been a visiting professor, ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.87 inPublished:March 1, 2008Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199282536

ISBN - 13:9780199282531

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Knowledge, Options, and InstitutionsPart I: Knowledge, Coordination, Categories, Identity2. with Udo Zander: Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Knowledge3. with Udo Zander: Knowledge and the Speed of the Transfer and Imitation of Organizational Capabilities: An Empirical Test4. with Udo Zander: What Firms Do: Coordination, Identity, and LearningPart II: Practices, Institutions, and Diffusion5. Country Capabilities and the Permeability of Borders6. National Systems, Organizational Practices, and Institutions7. with John Paul MacDuffie and Charles Ragin: Prototypes and Fuzzy Work Practices: Assigning Causal Credit for PerformancePart III: Markets , Value, and Options8. Joint Ventures: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives9. Joint Ventures and the Option to Expand and Acquire10. with Nalin Kulatilaka: Operating Flexibility, Global Manufacturing, and the Option Values of a Multinational Network11. with Nalin Kulatilaka: Strategy, Heuristics, and Real OptionsPart IV: Institutions and Geography12. with Paul Almeida: Localization of Knowledge and the Mobility of Engineers in Regional Networks13. with Anca Metiu: Open-Source Software Development and Distributed IntelligencePart V: Looking Forward14. Network as Knowledge: Generative Rules and the Emergence of Structure