Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes: Impact on Climate and Air Quality by Nicole MöldersLand-Use and Land-Cover Changes: Impact on Climate and Air Quality by Nicole Mölders

Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes: Impact on Climate and Air Quality

byNicole Mölders

Hardcover | September 15, 2011

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Wildfires, changing glaciers, deforestation, open-pit mining, increasing demands for food and bio-fuel production and the growth of megacities change our landscape. The book comprehensively reviews the current knowledge on how natural and anthropogenic land-use/cover changes affect weather, air quality and climate worldwide and explains how these changes may trigger further land-use/cover changes. It discusses how anthropogenic land-use/cover changes have affected local and regional climate and air quality since the settlement of America and the industrialisation. It addresses the topic how long-range transport of pollutants and dust of devasted areas as well as teleconnections may cause changes far away from the areas where the land-use/cover changes occurred, for which land-use/cover change may become an international issue similar to CO2. It also discusses relations to global change and future societal and scientific challenges related to land-use/cover changes.
Title:Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes: Impact on Climate and Air QualityFormat:HardcoverDimensions:198 pagesPublished:September 15, 2011Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400715269

ISBN - 13:9789400715264

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction. 1.1 Natural land-cover changes1.2 Anthropogenic land-cover changes1.3 Land-cover changes and weather and climate1.4 References2. Physical and chemical principles2.1 Energy balance2.1.1 Latent and sensible heat fluxes2.1.2 Surface heterogeneity2.2 Clouds and precipitation2.3 Air chemistry2.3.1 Emissions2.3.2 Background chemistry2.3.3 Polluted air2.3.4 Aqueous chemistry2.3.5 Gas-to-particle formation2.3.6 Removal of gases and aerosols2.4 Interaction between energy, water and trace gas cycle2.5 References3. Impact of land-cover and land-cover changes3.1 Detection of land-cover changes3.1.1 Land-cover maps3.1.2 Remote sensing derived land-cover3.1.3 Land-cover change detection3.1.4 Role of land-cover data in land-cover related studies3.2 Observations and major field experiments3.3 Mechanisms3.3.1 Changes of the surface fluxes3.3.2 Secondary changes in response to land-cover change3.3.3 Teleconnection3.4 Scales3.4.1 Inhomogeneity3.4.2 Heterogeneity at various scales3.4.3 Impact of heterogeneity3.5 Land-cover change impacts3.5.1 Deforestation and forest degradation3.5.1.1 Tropical forests3.5.1.2 Temperate forest3.5.1.3 Boreal forest3.5.1.4 Trace gas impacts3.5.2 Conversion of native grasslands to cropland3.5.2.1 Impact of irrigation3.5.2.2 Trace gases3.5.3 Droughts and desertification3.5.4 Re-cultivation3.5.4.1 Afforestation and reforestation3.5.4.2 Drylands3.5.5 Urbanization3.5.5.1 Urban heat island effect3.5.5.2 Urban impacts on clouds and precipitations3.5.5.3 Other dynamical impacts of urbanization3.5.5.4 Trace gas and aerosol release from cities3.5.6 Water bodies3.5.7 Interaction of land-cover change impacts3.6 References4. Future challenges4.1 Future emission scenarios4.2 Land-cover change impacts under future climate conditions4.2.1 Biogeophysical feedbacks4.2.1.1 Prescribed, fixed LCC4.2.1.2 Gradually changing land-cover4.2.2 Biogeochemical feedbacks4.3 Air quality4.4 Food and fuel production4.4.1 Water availability4.4.2 Soil degradation and land loss4.4.3 Bio-fuel4.5 Urbanization, urban areas and megacities4.5.1 Urban heat island4.5.2 Water management4.5.3 Air quality4.5.4 Urban planning and development4.6 Detecting land-cover changes in observations4.7 Changes of snow and ice4.7.1 Snow-vegetation and permafrost-vegetation relation4.7.2 Ice-vegetation relation4.7.2.1 Sea-ice4.7.2.2 Polynyas4.7.2.3 Shelf-ice4.8 References5. Conclusions5.1 Modeling and observations5.2 Future assessment5.3 ReferencesAppendix: List of abbreviationsIndex