Thomas Edward Lawrence (1888-1935), better known as Lawrence of Arabia, is one of the 20th century's most legendary figures. As a British liaison officer during World War I, he led the Arab revolt against the Turks. After the war, he helped change the political geography of the Middle East by advocating independence for Iraq. Regardless of his substantial military and political accomplishments, Lawrence aspired to be a man of letters. He recorded his Arab experiences in Seven Pillars of Wisdom, criticized the Royal Air Force in The Mint, and prepared a translation of Homer's Odyssey. He also engaged in voluminous correspondence with many of the leading figures of his day. This encyclopedia, the first work of its kind, chronicles his fascinating and diverse career. Included are over 800 alphabetically arranged entries on subjects related to Lawrence and his works. The encyclopedia covers such topics as Lawrence's knowledge of Islam, the details of his military campaigns, his legacy in film and popular culture, his family members and acquaintances, his biographers, and important book dealers, collectors, and scholars interested in his writings. Since Lawrence's interests and experiences were so varied, the encyclopedia discusses everything from the history and politics of the Middle East to biblical archaeology, medieval castle-building, literature, and modern mechanical work. Most of the entries mention works for further reading, and the volume closes with a selected, general bibliography.