"Lazy, Improvident People": Myth and Reality in the Writing of Spanish History by Ruth MacKay"Lazy, Improvident People": Myth and Reality in the Writing of Spanish History by Ruth MacKay

"Lazy, Improvident People": Myth and Reality in the Writing of Spanish History

byRuth MacKay

Paperback | April 28, 2006

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Since the early modern era, historians and observers of Spain, both within the country and beyond it, have identified a peculiarly Spanish disdain for work, especially manual labor, and have seen it as a primary explanation for that nation's alleged failure to develop like the rest of Europe. In "Lazy, Improvident People," the historian Ruth MacKay examines the origins of this deeply ingrained historical prejudice and cultural stereotype. MacKay finds these origins in the ilustrados, the Enlightenment intellectuals and reformers who rose to prominence in the late eighteenth century. To advance their own, patriotic project of rationalization and progress, they disparaged what had gone before. Relying in part on late medieval and early modern political treatises about "vile and mechanical" labor, they claimed that previous generations of Spaniards had been indolent and backward. Through a close reading of the archival record, MacKay shows that such treatises and dramatic literature in no way reflected the actual lives of early modern artisans, who were neither particularly slothful nor untalented. On the contrary, they behaved as citizens, and their work was seen as dignified and essential to the common good. MacKay contends that the ilustrados' profound misreading of their own past created a propagandistic myth that has been internalized by subsequent intellectuals. MacKay's is thus a book about the notion of Spanish exceptionalism, the ways in which this notion developed, and the burden and skewed vision it has imposed on Spaniards and outsiders. "Lazy, Improvident People" will fascinate not only historians of early modern and modern Spain but all readers who are concerned with the process by which historical narratives are formed, reproduced, and given authority.

Title:"Lazy, Improvident People": Myth and Reality in the Writing of Spanish HistoryFormat:PaperbackDimensions:312 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.29 inPublished:April 28, 2006Publisher:CORNELL UNIVERSITY PRESSLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801473144

ISBN - 13:9780801473142

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Editorial Reviews

"'Lazy, Improvident People' is well conceived, well organized, and very well written—in some places almost lyrical. Historians of Spain have encountered in the archives a Spain of vigorous farmers and artisans who confidently manage their business and local political affairs, achieving a remarkable level of domestic peace and prosperity. Yet when the Bourbon rulers came to Spain in 1700, they found the country in desperate condition, with workers and nobles idle because they considered labor vile. Ruth MacKay demonstrates that Enlightenment thinkers commenting on Spain either did not know what they were talking about or deliberately distorted what information they had. This is a tectonic shift in the writing of Spanish history and, by extension, all of European history."—Helen Nader, University of Arizona