Leading the Learner-Centered Campus: An Administrator's Framework for Improving Student Learning Outcomes by Michael HarrisLeading the Learner-Centered Campus: An Administrator's Framework for Improving Student Learning Outcomes by Michael Harris

Leading the Learner-Centered Campus: An Administrator's Framework for Improving Student Learning…

byMichael Harris, Roxanne CullenForeword byMaryellen Weimer

Hardcover | May 17, 2010

Pricing and Purchase Info

$48.00

Earn 240 plum® points
Quantity:

Ships within 1-3 weeks

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores

about

Praise for Leading the Learner-Centered Campus

"This book moves far beyond previous thinking about change. Many in higher education want to create more learner-centered campuses but grapple with how to do it. Harris and Cullen show us how to lead the change to more learner-centered campuses—and offer very practical tools for getting there from here. Every campus that takes student learning seriously should be having the conversation that this book advances and supports."
—John Tagg, author, The Learning Paradigm College

"This is a dynamite text for all leaders in higher education who want to implement change. It starts with a deceptively simple idea—that change needs to be 'learner-centered,' not just in the classroom, but in every aspect of a campus. Achieving that end is far from simple, but the authors make clear that it's well within reach if readers pay close attention to the wisdom in this book."
—Thomas Ehrlich, senior scholar, The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and former president, Indiana University

"At a time when most of higher education is seeking effective ways to maximize the value of student-centered learning, Harris and Cullen provide a comprehensive road map for completing the kind of paradigm shift that can accomplish just that … This book merits the attention of everyone with a stake in the future of higher education."
—Anthony J. Diekema, former president, Calvin College

"If higher education is going to provide what students will need in the twenty-first century, it'll have to complete the transition from teaching to learning that Barr and Tagg proposed back in 1995. Leading the Learner-Centered Campus is an indispensible resource for professors and administrators who are committed to the success of today's college students."
—Jeffrey L. Buller, author, The Essential College Professor, The Essential Academic Dean, and The Essential Department Chair

The Authors Michael Harris is the provost and vice president for academic affairs and a professor of public policy at Kettering University in Flint, Michigan. Roxanne Cullen is a professor of English at Ferris State University in Big Rapids, Michigan, where she has also acted as associate vice president for academic affairs.
Loading
Title:Leading the Learner-Centered Campus: An Administrator's Framework for Improving Student Learning…Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.3 × 6.4 × 0.85 inPublished:May 17, 2010Publisher:WileyLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0470402989

ISBN - 13:9780470402986

Look for similar items by category:

Reviews

Read from the Book

%PDF-1.3 % 1 0 obj > stream hTW l]OpLeQw6"h0T6r+L052l8qb@(X4,cEn FIR5@L"U??-M`*7{{?C3O}QVE)iil?9^#WqC_Sez9E7o>/-)_?LcEl)WX9QVl-k`F-}mc;X{}=Þg? ;O+ld0au6~/Y6d~.6>bg)1aSR3jk:vQU?M?Fr7I#^SH`baX8tqhgC&M84 h.]t~1FQg1 U+_5?MpYa?*+ /+:]qZw=nw}Q%%%% ?gJ?)cee^)* 8~~?.Nnn2Vt @N?/6%F/>8?.|L''S :L&8$S/>8Sfz u]RyJaX S @R$ M>x4R0\;n*9V-1I0)\jYxF3ife r*M1N&0.\jnM/e;VTvi@nS0VS6M~ky;V)[u%$Hq%wVA-emp > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2000.2(15)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(p.)-187.2(1\).)-187.2(Institutions)-187.2(are)-187.2(employing)-187.2(a)-187.2(wide)-187.2(variety)-187.2(of)-187.2(approaches,)-187.2(many)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(of)-316.6(which)-316.6(are)-316.6(very)-316.6(small)-316.6(in)-316.6(scope,)-316.6(as)-316.6(they)-316.6(address)-316.6(individual)-316.6(chal-)]TJ T* [(lenges.)-170.8(Instead,)-170.8(leaders)-170.8(need)-170.8(to)-170.8(see)-170.8(the)-170.8(conuence)-170.8(of)-170.8(the)-170.8(challenges.)]TJ T* [(Academic)-262.5(leaders)-262.5(need)-262.5(to)-262.5(assess)-262.5(the)-262.5(current)-262.5(situation)-262.5(from)-262.5(a)-262.5(com-)]TJ T* [(prehensive)-373.5(view)-373.5(and)-373.5(assume)-373.5(the)-373.5(risks)-373.5(required)-373.5(to)-373.5(chart)-373.5(a)-373.5(course)]TJ T* [(through)-250(this)-250(perfect)-250(storm.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(T)111(ransforming)-505.1(higher)-505.1(education)-505.1(will)-505.1(require)-505.1(innovation)-505.1(and)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(a)-445.7(spirit)-445.7(of)-445.7(entrepreneurship.)-445.7(As)-445.7(the)-445.7(political,)-445.7(social,)-445.7(economic,)]TJ T* [(and)-253.9(technological)-253.9(environment)-253.9(continues)-253.9(to)-253.9(change)-253.9(rapidly)74(,)-253.9(more)]TJ T* [(attention)-362(must)-362(be)-362(given)-362(to)-362(the)-362(role)-362(of)-362(innovation)-362(and)-362(entrepre-)]TJ T* [(neurship)-463.2(in)-463.2(addressing)-463.2(those)-463.2(changes.)-463.2(Leaders)-463.2(who)-463.2(accept)-463.2(this)]TJ T* [(challenge)-288(will)-288(be)-288(the)-288(learning)-288(entrepreneurs,)-288(the)-288(leaders)-288(who)-288(will)]TJ T* [(lead)-220.3(dynamic)-220.3(change.)-220.3(Drawing)-220.3(on)-220.3(an)-220.3(agenda)-220.3(put)-220.3(forth)-220.3(by)-220.3(Mintrom)]TJ T* [(\(1997\))-282.4(in)-282.4(dening)-282.4(policy)-282.4(entrepreneurs,)-282.4(we)-282.4(dene)-282.4(learning)-282.4(entre-)]TJ T* [(preneurs)-281.2(as)-281.2(those)-281.2(individuals)-281.2(who)-281.2(identify)-281.2(problems,)-281.2(shape)-281.2(policy)74(,)]TJ T* [(and)-250(move)-250(their)-250(institutions)-250(away)-250(from)-250(the)-250(status)-250(quo.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Recognizing)-342.4(that)-342.4(there)-342.4(is)-342.4(no)-342.4(single)-342.4(remedy)-342.4(or)-342.4(solution)-342.4(to)-342.4(the)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(complex)-181.7(challenges)-181.7(facing)-181.7(institutions)-181.7(of)-181.7(higher)-181.7(education)-181.7(and)-181.7(that)]TJ T* [(each)-234.3(institution)-234.3(has)-234.3(unique)-234.3(characteristics)-234.3(and)-234.3(features,)-234.3(the)-234.3(frame-)]TJ T* [(work)-319.1(that)-319.1(we)-319.1(provide)-319.1(is)-319.1(just)-319.1(that,)-319.1(a)-319.1(framework,)-319.1(a)-319.1(scaffolding)-319.1(that)]TJ T* [(will)-344.9(support)-344.9(independent)-344.9(investigation,)-344.9(an)-344.9(agenda)-344.9(to)-344.9(guide)-344.9(lead-)]TJ T* [(ers)-242.9(as)-242.9(they)-242.9(take)-242.9(actions)-242.9(to)-242.9(innovate)-242.9(and)-242.9(redene)-242.9(higher)-242.9(education.)]TJ T* [(The)-174(comprehensive)-174(framework)-174(that)-174(we)-174(propose)-174(is)-174(predicated)-174(on)-174(the)]TJ T* [(belief)-231.6(that)-231.6(in)-231.6(order)-231.6(to)-231.6(transform)-231.6(higher)-231.6(education,)-231.6(we)-231.6(must)-231.6(analyze)]TJ T* [(the)-285.4(paradigm)-285.4(that)-285.4(we)-285.4(operate)-285.4(within.)-285.4(W)55(e)-285.4(will)-285.4(then)-285.4(call)-285.4(for)-285.4(a)-285.4(shift)]TJ T* [(to)-220.5(a)-220.5(new)-220.5(paradigm,)-220.5(the)-220.5(shift)-220.5(toward)-220.5(learning-centeredness)-220.5(that)-220.5(was)]TJ T* [(intro)-10(duced)-250(by)-250(Barr)-250(and)-250(T)111(agg)-250(in)-250(1995.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 262.9838 Tm [(Concluding)-278(Thoughts)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 240.4682 Tm [(In)-284.9(describing)-284.9(this)-284.9(time)-284.9(of)-284.9(transformation,)-284.9(Dee)-284.9(Hock,)-284.9(former)-284.9(CEO)]TJ T* [(of)-218.6(V)55(isa)-218.6(Corporation,)-218.6(said:)-218.6(W)55(e)-218.6(are)-218.6(at)-218.6(the)-218.6(very)-218.6(point)-218.6(in)-218.6(time)-218.6(when)-218.6(a)]TJ T* [(four)37(-hundred-year)37(-old)-144.6(is)-144.6(dying)-144.6(and)-144.6(another)-144.6(is)-144.6(struggling)-144.6(to)-144.6(be)-144.6(born,)-144.6(a)]TJ T* [(shift)-189(in)-189(culture,)-189(science,)-189(society)-189(and)-189(institutions)-189(enormously)-189(greater)]TJ ET endstream endobj 3 0 obj > endobj 4 0 obj > endobj 5 0 obj > endobj 6 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 7 0 obj > stream htW XWfZce Dg UQREEAdYB @?l@EDjVZZjkLo?_G?}{r/!% \za2N,''+dAM!U3o 1u9Vj%''F0T0R0]DQ#$ ZADP&0 j??[? ~K"#baM &Xb(1HL!Y G>z?7j1Oco 9?^J \>OrzFk bAA$n`{K ra&rmCGU yawF,|#Q''>1cV>v?qSo5>´ L|5)fr>SM0u?O>4fzf}1^apB&~TUM7cu[5D00 F!&+*0a D@*[l]S2b''K?gp~I\$vk-]0}W,B"{?q SRf~i>i[,?84FvxYEYhP+nEFX7([,c>~=-J@44p|bY+Cf4j[RRf]c3o|N\ea3KdZEp{?y4''Cx''!d^ZFA.FNhL}7S?`t9.UM[;/e{Lc3l#BzboX*Q?[L +C-` T sbCXFB &8{C+sm;&?B-v/%/lCl.bK#O90. ?FF fK R@h B=b `\ LH V+IL v-lg$jGE,Pt=s?)?:$")#b? -u?*)jW0V];t?^~\iRo mN$?|Fv02U?@r]$?vM ae.Bo==n? t]KOa!L}mBXI`4"`1D? pZh~Q6TxM\%U@J`FQOV]co+fj?!jKvuGk nX/ESG#`uXNZ*9Si>o?KMW&~4A/\Zm&B?9hh;V kmqj"=$ ! " fGhtV n[(8($TubPT[ 3}5pC>X???,*PRGUu*&:- fvM?0paWLziTkZ?J KUlNKYZ)L?!C/?Utl%DIUEuY%g)?M^?e3U:CW?pQLz !DjKG`hP7HMp3s=A5BNV?.i?=+&wSN??K]X4rtjqXWvS?*^,K^)''R{)? 8/Dh+YQ"c#Sq?I >i8 :LgQE|P0?VR.9TC?Q~N.Y(zK(''>DqLRB`vXeTpE;^&7J"~.Mn K)?$(Dw{nGu m3c??jD>,FO0 [ufS N/IbS"qB|2f(QYv?A N?=Y-L,oq:D@d!?*?Q o&-?WmZ"Qqz rpWml>&7plrS?50H,p!n?!/87#>?@:QjR{6ikRp=[&,?`}zy89V(.^}Zq%/C/ACP-`?''$_rj71IKwn(;FK zG2?j Ôl.|4?mi* $^RMz|BO?0N\,U2}02>~ JW.vR]j=iTg j-#QhQ tLl@|]pYzWA(r &xCEn_d_|>+TtJV]jSNyD)?O/{Y2pI?2^UD''U ~?,?ym??qG:/^EMq3zRt!Y#dVRGuvo% ?*o* kMGFib?W0?,?1d>??cT)"][7Ah?T?pl 9 /9d2;*P;??^6)lxvv|~;GWr^~]TaE.Jw5aQ/O?C0T??''2u?n??m S_mEbXM3a4 .O#6V$),ú?VtEf#Dh+7xP :!|b*T#u|{?Vy{E? ,Z]:t[ R$Uhf Us?Œ\?LB! K&A}9_pIv"?; @, AD?%%}QB!?d)$0Ëk@tDENlX`zlIW?hMBA??0o|*:,6?Sx,XK~}*Ey|~&}i?I0i 9s|rlf!I2c3tk9;cXVuevM^z^;Yo40}2)u iay`e''L]]m,K%82q^\aUAZ)}=M!&~*RH?*?TS{U? ?mN?!UtrMZ?nmluu ne ''P~9? qT}0.Lr6#7M&RY4[Mn:7k*l?SZ&4??o7_W5? `]fHcRCyI=e{:g1Ce_={~w¹P>NJ %k4gJ{ `qT.GC''rxj%qP=".MG )i?SL%4HOi?u7D6??F~r9'';?,XI XY''{vGF$?ac%[ t4:g%8g +h5-[-q THs 9:x3_m &o dZï4glsx"3?x&F>E6nS `Ur^# ;D,Gk?E_j=CoQ^?7÷[_`''P=??b)VD^)jz*/- 2](GN}q) aH?= }VlvTk?õ/L%),MJiQQIKm~???1lTR8gKz ''SB"?=\o1~:-AQvXijRTWNpa[7o_kBuxC/ )lnSp=?wV(\WW&''=R|''F [3.}v@?2i8wm>G ;fFuG0G{Kz2?Uo}tG{qz?tJ9:>yO!KGAdqKbpDh]jw?M1_M5p%Rs6i~&$3:Bcn rIq7S>p;>Gnf> :V[^u9,6{ \1m&1a{r''w''D,Cq O:9Q]? /wl$A#!WKhg1[X/>@\J}yhj:}iG ,-V .?b(yU\vh d[`G_e~¡;%defy|12Y;SC6IQ" BF.?Gsq:|Sn~E~a8 k^ZH]N*(h$()0o,b?:) ;{ )eUoI(+Zz/j1p1oa["8 y[(6Ii-wu?-cY3%~e''WZI)XR8JQDT0?7WHMq?55_IV%\Afq`??x3 v?5?'rª`2^2GAR)(?9?c?8o#  +r]%?PPm??M*/''+  Ys~gG4JQ?)tv/*E7ZStnHO3(F=&NZFx?Q?X2[U?ku-;9AT(+z!KLT:Lfo]$w(J@iem7)zW$*>7N#)TyNBFk?7}!_k? x#}4rcH8R g &k.mC6f  ?-0>wtN0;Z{V?? {eO?D_F[gtI)Vsz^gu0? K ?X. ONC''/Y~U7s6\ `?} 4EaA@L?O_?lT76uv+u#X&5ZEDn;}ue10 UP$(JYQC\h"dna?/_[,,k#l*`\wr:y??9YtM9i.CxJVj9\#?~?C?gyb^7;?at}q{26n j+LXcC]U/ &q@ U*^A!9O a]EJ?+?Mmfv( 4i?/h`+w||~Lpn$2_V?}|)Jva.9u`39 a^u3o zxdd''a0}b\XCV{?t )lGdp%qR7"YR[S$u9X[`R]HqI~ 2et,5'' (mh L9t?==''> T y$b _(s9?7u7X. endstream endobj 8 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 9 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2500.2(7)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(knowledge)-263.6(are)-263.6(leading)-263.6(educators)-263.6(to)-263.6(question)-263.6(common)-263.6(pedagogical)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(practices)-173.9(about)-173.9(what)-173.9(to)-173.9(teach)-173.9(as)-173.9(well)-173.9(as)-173.9(how)-173.9(to)-173.9(teach)-173.9(it.)-173.9(New)-173.9(knowl-)]TJ T* [(edge)-227.2(in)-227.2(terms)-227.3(of)-227.3(what)-227.2(we)-227.2(teach)-227.2(and)-227.3(how)-227.2(we)-227.2(teach)-227.2(has)-227.2(provided)-227.2(the)]TJ T* [(motivation)-250(for)-250(innovation)-250(and)-250(change.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 606.695 Tm [(Changes)-278(in)-278(Perception)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 584.1794 Tm [(The)-303.7(second)-303.7(area)-303.7(of)-303.7(potential)-303.7(opportunity)-303.7(identied)-303.7(by)-303.7(Drucker)-303.7(is)]TJ T* [(changes)-275.4(in)-275.4(perception.)-275.4(The)-275.4(public)-275.4(perception)-275.4(of)-275.4(higher)-275.4(education)]TJ T* [(is)-371.6(changing,)-371.6(thus)-371.6(creating)-371.6(a)-371.6(climate)-371.6(conducive)-371.6(to)-371.6(change.)-371.6(Once)]TJ T* [(heralded)-473.4(as)-473.4(the)-473.4(nest)-473.4(educational)-473.4(system)-473.4(in)-473.4(the)-473.4(world,)-473.4(higher)]TJ T* [(education)-467.5(in)-467.5(the)-467.5(United)-467.5(States)-467.5(is)-467.5(now)-467.5(perceived)-467.5(to)-467.5(be)-467.5(falling)]TJ T* [(behind)-204.8(other)-204.8(countries)-204.8(and)-204.8(not)-204.8(pro)-10(ducing)-204.8(qualied)-204.8(graduates.)-204.8(John)]TJ T* [(Doerr)55(,)-275.9(considered)-275.9(one)-275.9(of)-275.9(the)-275.9(top)-275.9(technology)-275.9(venture)-275.9(capitalists)-275.9(in)]TJ T* [(the)-288.5(world,)-288.5(called)-288.5(education)-288.5(the)-288.5(largest)-288.5(and)-288.5(most)-288.5(screwed-up)-288.5(part)]TJ T* [(of)-319.7(the)-319.7(American)-319.7(economy)-319.7(\(quoted)-319.7(in)-319.7(Carlson)-319.7(&)-319.7(W)37(ilmot,)-319.7(2006,)]TJ T* [(p.)-466(267\).)-466(Similarly)74(,)-466(Peter)-466(Drucker)-466(said,)-466(Thirty)-466(years)-466(from)-466(now)]TJ T* [([1997])-209.8(the)-209.8(big)-209.8(university)-209.8(campuses)-209.8(will)-209.8(be)-209.8(relics.)-209.8(Universities)-209.8(won)18(t)]TJ T* (survive.)Tj /F6 1 Tf 3.3047 0 TD .1667 Tc (...)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.5298 0 TD 0 Tc [(Do)-371.4(you)-371.4(realize)-371.4(that)-371.4(the)-371.4(cost)-371.4(of)-371.4(higher)-371.4(education)-371.4(has)]TJ -4.8344 -1.3636 TD [(risen)-263.7(as)-263.8(fast)-263.8(as)-263.8(the)-263.8(cost)-263.8(of)-263.8(health)-263.8(care?)-263.8(Such)-263.8(totally)-263.7(uncontrollable)]TJ T* [(expenditures,)-584.5(without)-584.5(any)-584.5(visible)-584.5(improvement)-584.5(in)-584.5(either)-584.5(the)]TJ T* [(content)-476.1(or)-476.1(the)-476.1(quality)-476.1(of)-476.1(education,)-476.1(means)-476.1(that)-476.1(the)-476.1(system)-476.1(is)]TJ T* [(rapidly)-393.5(becoming)-393.5(untenable.)-393.5(Higher)-393.5(education)-393.5(is)-393.5(in)-393.5(deep)-393.5(crisis)]TJ T* [(\(quoted)-409.9(in)-409.9(Carlson)-409.9(&)-409.9(W)37(ilmot,)-409.9(2006,)-409.9(p.)-409.9(267\).)-409.9(These)-409.9(and)-409.9(other)]TJ T* [(leaders)-317.5(in)-317.5(business)-317.5(and)-317.5(industry)-317.5(have)-317.5(chimed)-317.5(in)-317.5(on)-317.5(the)-317.5(emerging)]TJ T* [(public)-425.9(outcry)-425.9(for)-425.9(accountability)-425.9(in)-425.9(higher)-425.9(education.)-425.9(Education)]TJ T* [(professors)-469.6(T)111(erenzini)-469.6(and)-469.6(Pascarella)-469.6(\(1994\))-469.6(called)-469.6(into)-469.6(question)]TJ T* [(some)-198.1(of)-198.1(the)-198.1(basic)-198.1(tenets)-198.1(of)-198.1(American)-198.1(higher)-198.1(education.)-198.1(They)-198.1(found)]TJ T* [(that)-466.4(educational)-466.4(quality)-466.4(did)-466.4(not)-466.4(correlate)-466.4(with)-466.4(an)-466.4(institution)55(s)]TJ T* [(reputation)-297.6(or)-297.6(standing.)-297.6(Similarly)74(,)-297.6(they)-297.6(questioned)-297.6(the)-297.6(assumption)]TJ T* [(that)-509.7(goo)-10(d)-509.7(researchers)-509.7(are)-509.7(goo)-10(d)-509.7(teachers,)-509.7(calling)-509.7(into)-509.7(question)]TJ T* [(education)-250(techniques,)-250(in)-250(particular)-250(the)-250(lecture)-250(metho)-10(d.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(In)-189.4(an)-189.4(open)-189.4(letter)-189.4(entitled)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 10.167 0 TD [(An)-189.4(American)-189.4(Imperative:)-189.4(Higher)-189.4(Expec-)]TJ -11.5306 -1.3636 TD [(tations)-231.8(for)-231.8(Higher)-231.8(Education)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.6363 0 TD [(,)-231.8(the)-231.8(W)37(ingspread)-231.8(Group)-231.8(\(1993\))-231.8(charged)]TJ ET endstream endobj 10 0 obj > endobj 11 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (14)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(demands.)-198.6(In)-198.6(referring)-198.6(to)-198.6(the)-198.6(challenges)-198.6(facing)-198.6(academic)-198.6(leaders)-198.6(as)-198.6(a)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(result)-250.8(of)-250.8(the)-250.8(explosion)-250.8(of)-250.8(knowledge)-250.8(and)-250.8(rising)-250.8(market)-250.8(demands)-250.8(of)]TJ T* [(business,)-225.8(government,)-225.8(the)-225.8(military)74(,)-225.8(and)-225.8(other)-225.8(groups,)-225.8(Lucas)-225.8(\(1994\))]TJ T* [(writes,)-202.9(T)111(oo)-202.9(harassed)-202.9(to)-202.9(lead,)-202.9(university)-202.9(administrators)-202.9(had)-202.9(become)]TJ T* [(mediators)-410.6(among)-410.6(competing)-410.6(interests,)-410.6(trying)-410.6(to)-410.6(balance)-410.6(contra-)]TJ T* [(dictory)-258.5(demands,)-258.5(treating)-258.5(students)-258.5(like)-258.5(consumers,)-258.5(knowledge)-258.5(as)-258.5(a)]TJ T* [(factory)-191.8(pro)-10(duct)-191.8(and)-191.8(course)-191.8(offerings)-191.8(as)-191.8(supermarket)-191.8(wares)-191.8(\(p.)-191.8(269\).)]TJ T* [(The)-334.3(intensity)-334.3(of)-334.3(these)-334.3(challenges)-334.3(has)-334.3(not)-334.3(abated)-334.3(in)-334.3(the)-334.3(past)-334.3(fty)]TJ T* [(years,)-250(but)-250(intensied.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Each)-261.1(of)-261.1(the)-261.1(converging)-261.1(challenges)-261.1(seems)-261.1(like)-261.1(overwhelming)-261.1(in)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(its)-425.2(own)-425.2(right,)-425.2(but)-425.2(like)-425.2(a)-425.2(perfect)-425.2(storm,)-425.2(the)-425.2(conuence)-425.2(of)-425.2(these)]TJ T* [(ve)-378(challenges)-378(generates)-378(a)-378(condition)-378(or)-378(circumstance)-378(that)-378(is)-378(far)]TJ T* [(more)-292.7(powerful.)-292.7(T)111(ogether)-292.7(these)-292.7(ve)-292.7(challenges)-292.7(have)-292.7(created)-292.7(a)-292.7(per)37(-)]TJ T* [(fect)-414.8(storm,)-414.8(a)-414.8(perfect)-414.8(opportunity)-414.8(to)-414.8(innovate)-414.8(on)-414.8(various)-414.8(fronts;)]TJ T* [(they)-401.2(have)-401.2(created)-401.2(a)-401.2(sense)-401.2(of)-401.2(crisis)-401.2(that)-401.2(makes)-401.2(innovation)-401.2(more)]TJ T* [(likely)-287.3(to)-287.3(be)-287.3(accepted)-287.3(by)-287.3(those)-287.3(who)-287.3(might)-287.3(otherwise)-287.3(resist)-287.3(change.)]TJ T* [(Academic)-384.3(leaders)-384.3(can)-384.3(seize)-384.3(the)-384.2(opportunity)-384.3(to)-384.3(meet)-384.3(these)-384.3(chal-)]TJ T* [(lenges)-203.2(and,)-203.2(rather)-203.2(than)-203.2(react)-203.2(to)-203.2(them,)-203.2(take)-203.2(a)-203.2(proactive)-203.2(position)-203.2(and)]TJ T* [(use)-250(the)-250(challenges)-250(to)-250(transform)-250(higher)-250(education.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(The)-369.1(challenges)-369.1(facing)-369.1(higher)-369.1(education)-369.1(are)-369.1(serious,)-369.1(and)-369.1(they)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(will)-245.5(test)-245.5(academic)-245.5(leaders)-245.5(to)-245.5(be)-245.5(innovative)-245.5(and)-245.5(creative)-245.5(in)-245.5(moving)]TJ T* [(their)-303.6(institutions)-303.6(away)-303.6(from)-303.6(the)-303.6(status)-303.6(quo.)-303.6(This)-303.6(will)-303.6(be)-303.6(achieved)]TJ T* [(not)-465.8(through)-465.8(incremental)-465.7(change)-465.8(but)-465.8(through)-465.8(systemic)-465.8(change.)]TJ T* [(Many)-214.4(institutions)-214.4(are)-214.4(currently)-214.4(implementing)-214.4(isolated)-214.4(innovations)]TJ T* [(to)-392.8(address)-392.8(some)-392.8(of)-392.8(the)-392.8(changes)-392.8(discussed)-392.8(in)-392.8(this)-392.8(chapter)55(.)-392.8(These)]TJ T* [(actions,)-206.9(although)-206.9(successful)-206.9(on)-206.9(a)-206.9(small)-206.9(scale,)-206.9(are)-206.9(not)-206.9(addressing)-206.9(sys-)]TJ T* [(temic)-223.3(issues.)-223.3(The)-223.3(Higher)-223.3(Learning)-223.3(Commission)-223.3(\(HLC\),)-223.3(the)-223.3(largest)]TJ T* [(of)-337.1(the)-337.1(regional)-337.1(accrediting)-337.1(agencies,)-337.1(both)-337.1(in)-337.1(number)-337.1(and)-337.1(type)-337.1(of)]TJ T* [(institution,)-291.7(provides)-291.7(a)-291.7(goo)-10(d)-291.7(gauge)-291.7(of)-291.7(the)-291.7(efcacy)-291.7(of)-291.7(these)-291.7(individ-)]TJ T* [(ual)-325(efforts.)-325(Steven)-325(D.)-325(Crow)74(,)-325(the)-325(departing)-325(president)-325(of)-325(the)-325(HLC,)]TJ T* [(noted)-184.1(at)-184.1(the)-184.1(2008)-184.1(annual)-184.1(meeting)-184.1(that)-184.1(while)-184.1(institutions)-184.1(have)-184.1(been)]TJ T* [(working)-195.4(diligently)-195.4(to)-195.4(gure)-195.4(out)-195.4(what)-195.4(their)-195.4(students)-195.4(should)-195.4(be)-195.4(learn-)]TJ T* [(ing)-276.3(and)-276.3(whether)-276.3(they)-276.3(are,)-276.3(in)-276.3(fact,)-276.3(learning,)-276.3(it)-276.3(is)-276.3(not)-276.3(clear)-276.3(whether)]TJ T* [(all)-278.5(the)-278.5(individual)-278.5(efforts)-278.5(are)-278.5(adding)-278.5(up)-278.5(to)-278.5(much)-278.5(\(Lederman,)-278.5(2008,)]TJ ET endstream endobj 12 0 obj > endobj 13 0 obj > stream h?ygxW?a,`mB`dD&FqGI=9k !$r``  f]#yuX}w?ztzTW?z? zxB{ bv~(qGTxpBw*/4d]{ 1@ h}{Bb?yIsb%};eI)o}g ](&86^#1d(U|W$''1P |*kH@ AE(K?Gz ]O?ty^?t=[4``qH;D/\e?\q~U/V(TK]g }7o,{Sf-l?~pI;v >sC?!5F c?E95QF;,:nc?] ^? E>7aB?Cc?Y;;[wEk.y(3Bo?mfcTp\c1Wav8LRD]h%>] iw"B;K?C0q)pe #uAG]Du/z-q2soF7B4{Q? (is t mPI}"u c?/v ]re2gPk+5^\m+J?h??ithLJ5cyVDx0?¹ [Ud,*[9@B+?"l/kl^XSF( ~SNg ?GR8o''Ó*\e\??Soy COHÂ?jo7A?GJno =Vu5oTzFZ:! r-)f*? O_9hU}El?tYY]=bBB#WMfd5^?6l%i#l(:x#{a2.0m b )j meUkXU? a9&a??]Ï1rOu''???_K^QgW?S[d?''"[*V+|p=|/x}+\`?.#%"0?dRiPMv"87N8#M%-}\jnIUklSc`-u%Wf[by2g''FhnsO^ah8^Ke&`XwYEP-]8\F {''+8 y@A0niR*zQeX]%6;}Po?5Z%?BM hyWar(uU ?oboaay;|2{N(lm~_ ?uQ/n7anL,hS58K3]m I0xY.M>.!f[84U`]-WbrNN??uuW7?Hw_L}b)3 ^u?5zVZ6i(? :_oek!84X\?MV&Z8~qcx~lY7Tn;ieprOohk6d"l6SFs9JFyy?#h4??lOvRZk) }p0ls?PSZN[&''-s=p-%> ~.khVgj|-~NmjjG+W.gGD}P?\A?A@poyw^XAIRWZ cmVV)28t?JBrsYE=Y(t?\:|v?N/!#?Ni`yh` [&"aGcz+r30ys''?M:=fIy~ k6?/? ?Fcfsq?Vt*o)]?w =ñ&0I?@>@#7 ^OcMH !~ N6}~[+ ?{$?0aS^&r9Mu?MnG\!\''F?4.qUoO3Gx?YhP"??`!;2tfY+ ;''9N1o/XM9Sk){~}D]{t5;?z4GU ?USp?s]/n }MG?(`>_?kÙY?2W`Y u|C]l6E&q aP$ 2+q|xZmXt Q@? -^~iZKx;e4hZ|+4tu=Ko/u%A2Ky L?) ?? ~K83J}`(?TC& 85JrqVu IEKcsK35 I;LFK~?v,?$_!"Wk\kUif3n,"QKTm \;kd`}g4^&&Sj:k/#kT*OX5,J2q*]5NE? DhtlbT*K*.t6C'' 0Hb5U|qN EOw.a.??{{:O?_27KR QmffYiY-+cxg s^~YFEhCgb , B9q]jmls7Qu7Q@c:ucf ?Qd2e?,`+)|d5,eP4?|()/fkJEKcbC^bNIly\P OjW7;}a4)!=dIIX8`!v]E8.^M*3X^fM.w dVIhA9Xp53bml4fk&fpd \Kl?.dn+6/RSr/?Z=@KL^thXt?ea^T\*pa[Q_3g?1FX"w@ BxTA[a !fMKpr~''Gj nU)s y\?ty;`4 )?q|?E_!R7-K $lgU B?:[|c%A$?GyVUtob ayl +oEN8}V%%=~|)a {@o`\ U\g?rk# ?(eD:?ewZ??SfIR/Qc150D{>-gJbQK&/'' Eg?i@zTb7l7lm=)|?3U>§W O (?!louz{6*e2.?uGt; @o @}oBF5fksYyzU4I|lG=S?ea@$~GtyfN''6y=JLe:,s|]~!gaANO oc''7@ 4Y) m: nU"gV*[?3(++ lv mo8r§O? ?#? mQa?]*\1cUqHvgvd02&C?mF?T=O?0* PWj,2C5!x¡Dd)zs&f~U 0%;?z''3uS)J[5JfBroVFr}:n²kHo?"g*?}D|\|ai.9~fb{q:9uw6B;qV>4&#?y&??xM''?KnTr 0?h,([?Ss ^pAL`Jm]DeRO>|;oRI??51?1@pmCauA4p(S#&wvMWMc( 5mM1Tf)YYkb2?NtHa2RsZOJn!Qm?|]iY.["Xr%??Y0E=zK2b?Rh |^) JWZ?Mo''h`feF2+VOW4L|6K`bXa^U cT?-\K= PAv}`Yav}v]$A2Llz*C_~>? _3?|=s>>&Q?d_4?$0.$1[?O88skI,4[b"?BU?*[Kc!`-o,`th OX''F="C:Mxr(V_mg?f`3~=|\#>V&W IQgK} Mh"$?h?9,VP2NiaO o nKO/NBn{z''D_bCN?t?2pnD @l^`LvGQ e?[L /w6r^V,Ne8},Kz?7R?L3,6&Z$EXG?ix=eD~1F%SXk4fz ,K7P?]?vV]eLqZ-xLgNc2''[}''_?K Q9/.9_> sTKC?ph1 B9wGN P"5 G;'')(+hxh?W^EZPQJYRZHbI&WCQqZLK BS5_",FIBrK"D[]5dA4F*SHD!n-./+$3Il_%1_z1hL(r&Ug''?2yqF-E/?^adP.(i`gqf6T_OMm e)Jf}lWqp`O= l]j*Z(92 Pz~ka~ 9 8Ry%zK:^menrvxnolj ?Fk[O\tijyhxcwj^?U;?wuylvq!\WQ o\S&ljk{"r`T#;7?U2flS/?ÕN~/= s?[HN3o,n z=U''?^=/1IIÓiSgr??M?xzaoSdiT~Qv'' ]z?)-}EJa+|ut{''U|_1aqsR_a6?xKxYiFQI2KC)""MFf ?-`L Cj?5] Rnc&r:GomBF=-m^?{{?ÿ*)x_ ^Y)^LO >?kWg ^;f/y[QJ% x?C8iX$qS}Mc"i$!q/''qxx`?_E>v+VIfsS?WuNyy?q3m~=?''??X~Y?+vVm5?*V;|?8\$UBB-:e.-[ZNL4??a ''%Ip8ULxZ3l+?B""{_mZ;P''MAx|  |4I??.h?7?^S0y`e5[ BfP?j}UySg`}sJel ?4*8UCsVr?y?tU0??h«KjA ZC?LPNWqSo@M_?G&?M3i n|:z B}(M*fFZ,S.ALe P GMwy_NDcoj6k?5{?{pdP$ 0"u|trGN?^y oé>? $i7dk Gf9eS78;YxG:J7)A ^@z?twftEccEh$?OO-# ?:Z_]{M:=kG3Ko\_3$/]:1M?PSia;AX?"$@;/?e$u2Jqx XNX?_.7 "ix&7kBV`pZ KMZ:q| kcz=:xGJ5??jPo!>Ep?P7/]fs?i?*o&3Ev ?Nic?J4Pz8z?}6 hZd}Rn8Lr;? pg?! t´``V`''q??h ?&Sa ~[(h> =tpnnU??4=#k~{gq+S0,s3_7x''?}64?bAHI?R?@k`Tlw2kD.@aevh?lH^eB2YolVfILPU(h% hD.7s"57W6`wO9Yy fVs= >3+h?sKXu*¾Z?B?oY?8;v,z,Å{/c?KC?E? l6w[Q N.4G''z y?(B*4XcyhsRO|b?\''>!!W?H;m8sFmu`k ?xHh` 7]ms+q*OdM : ?X0qTTrg\#DgJEYAf q))*#J}=Cl(H1?mw?RfR67"% h9kD3ny/6Jkz z j(rlgu_w?;y`?T anvm7{f~vOrk8 []Q?yosw''N pIVUWIXtY&kQdLR.V(?2hUfhl!#BWwl1b Jó?{v}y]2?_?RaZ& > endobj 15 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 16 0 obj > endobj 17 0 obj > endobj 18 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (6)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(demographic)-235.5(changes,)-235.5(new)-235.5(knowledge,)-235.5(and)-235.5(changes)-235.5(in)-235.5(perception.)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(W)55(e)-272.7(will)-272.7(look)-272.7(at)-272.7(ve)-272.7(of)-272.7(these)-272.7(innovation)-272.7(opportunities)-272.7(which)-272.7(offer)]TJ T* [(the)-296.5(greatest)-296.5(potential)-296.5(for)-296.5(stimulating)-296.5(change)-296.5(in)-296.5(higher)-296.5(education.)]TJ T* [(These)-229.1(forces)-229.1(are)-229.1(converging)-229.1(to)-229.1(create)-229.1(a)-229.1(climate)-229.1(conducive)-229.1(to)-229.1(inno-)]TJ T* [(vation)-164.7(and)-164.7(subsequently)-164.7(to)-164.7(transformation.)-164.7(Drucker)-164.7(explains)-164.7(that)-164.7(at)]TJ T* [(the)-310.3(heart)-310.3(of)-310.3(successful)-310.3(entrepreneurship)-310.3(is)-310.3(innovation:)-310.3(the)-310.3(effort)]TJ T* [(to)-390.4(create)-390.4(purposeful)-390.4(focused)-390.4(change)-390.4(in)-390.4(an)-390.4(enterprise)55(s)-390.4(economic)]TJ T* [(or)-323(social)-323(potential)-323(\(p.)-323(96\).)-323(This)-323(is)-323(achieved)-323(through)-323(a)-323(commit-)]TJ T* [(ment)-285(to)-285(the)-285(systematic)-285(practice)-285(of)-285(innovation\(p.)-285(95\).)-285(The)-285(future)]TJ T* [(of)-195.7(higher)-195.7(education)-195.7(depends)-195.7(upon)-195.7(innovative)-195.7(entrepreneurs)-195.7(to)-195.7(lead)]TJ T* [(this)-250(purposeful)-250(and)-250(focused)-250(change.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 139.3674 502.0873 Tm [(New)-278(Knowledge)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 479.5717 Tm [(The)-204.9(rst)-204.9(area)-204.9(of)-204.9(potential)-204.9(opportunity)-204.9(identied)-204.9(by)-204.9(Drucker)-204.9(\(2002\))]TJ T* [(is)-233.4(new)-233.4(knowledge.)-233.4(New)-233.4(knowledge)-233.4(is)-233.4(inuencing)-233.4(higher)-233.4(education)]TJ T* [(on)-265.4(three)-265.4(fronts.)-265.4(First,)-265.4(discoveries)-265.4(and)-265.4(innovations)-265.4(are)-265.4(accelerating)]TJ T* [(at)-189.6(a)-189.6(tremendous)-189.6(rate,)-189.6(changing)-189.6(discipline)-189.6(content)-189.6(and)-189.6(the)-189.6(prerequi-)]TJ T* [(sites)-159.1(to)-159.1(adequately)-159.1(prepare)-159.1(graduates)-159.1(for)-159.1(the)-159.1(workplace.)-159.1(Especially)-159.1(in)]TJ T* [(the)-205.6(sciences)-205.6(and)-205.6(technology)74(,)-205.6(new)-205.6(knowledge)-205.6(is)-205.6(growing)-205.6(at)-205.6(an)-205.6(expo-)]TJ T* [(nential)-189.5(rate)-189.5(that)-189.5(nearly)-189.5(precludes)-189.5(adequate)-189.5(preparation)-189.5(of)-189.5(graduates)]TJ T* [(in)-250(our)-250(current)-250(system.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(On)-327.6(the)-327.6(second)-327.6(front,)-327.6(new)-327.6(knowledge)-327.6(about)-327.6(how)-327.6(people)-327.6(learn)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(is)-381(affecting)-381(our)-381(ways)-381(of)-381(teaching)-381(and)-381(preparing)-381(graduates.)-381(Many)]TJ T* [(practices)-315.1(that)-315.1(have)-315.1(long)-315.1(been)-315.1(part)-315.1(of)-315.1(goo)-10(d)-315.1(teaching)-315.1(as)-315.1(a)-315.1(result)-315.1(of)]TJ T* [(common)-264.7(sense)-264.7(and)-264.7(an)-264.7(intuitive)-264.7(understanding)-264.7(of)-264.7(human)-264.7(behavior)]TJ T* [(are)-191.8(now)-191.8(part)-191.8(of)-191.8(an)-191.8(emerging)-191.8(bo)-10(dy)-191.8(of)-191.8(research)-191.8(into)-191.8(brain)-191.8(functioning)]TJ T* [(and)-284.1(learning,)-284.1(motivation)-284.1(and)-284.1(learning,)-284.1(and)-284.1(the)-284.1(role)-284.1(of)-284.1(memory)-284.1(as)]TJ T* [(well)-250(as)-250(other)-250(affective)-250(concerns)-250(regarding)-250(power)-250(and)-250(control.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(In)-543.5(addition,)-543.5(new)-543.5(knowledge)-543.5(in)-543.5(the)-543.5(form)-543.5(of)-543.5(technology)-543.5(is)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(changing)-534.5(how)-534.5(we)-534.5(teach.)-534.5(Computer)-534.5(technology)74(,)-534.5(specically)74(,)-534.5(i)0(s)]TJ T* [(revolutionizing)-402.3(course)-402.3(management)-402.3(and)-402.3(delivery)74(,)-402.3(and)-402.3(the)-402.3(Inter)37(-)]TJ T* [(net)-195.8(has)-195.8(tremendously)-195.8(increased)-195.8(the)-195.8(accessibility)-195.8(of)-195.8(information)-195.8(and)]TJ T* [(changed)-209.4(the)-209.4(process)-209.4(of)-209.4(conducting)-209.4(research.)-209.4(All)-209.4(these)-209.4(forms)-209.4(of)-209.4(new)]TJ ET endstream endobj 19 0 obj > stream h?ywtwD, 1%{3v?dI4f[] WC %@B?$|{Wd?}wgs~oIzH$/-LHxw\A"%MGS6MV@75i@IE IwJ 5 ^urcWOZ[?Ekf9?kX6#wq&uK]?n!`C?niC-wmsW??y6rOHD1?/a.h W(_2Pi-OAXRieI[@y9OYSZQ`) rLtU*VQ9v]rL?Ahn*?v.*k-%I3hTo5SJ)jp>R`pI(N@dh8Kl v!F:u&U?4`KT:iR?''?esl~h,pY`O0&?K?y]?9&n_BOrk>,/?M!X_C.5 ^}$r7kv-j-AwO. >UMy ÓnYC 1^åQJ.D3!7k?w|Agn1 +Wr^UXs(:+v?ku?,:gj-qVYMD?u iuV5UCJMp[o}?''D }~y]D\8u)Wm+U:NkRSnYUÄO !X F6]Eo9wnTa003-6CvfG+?#"tL.''{g4L?Kd$3)F ''Z]:QEvv B|­xC/$3nf/^M6Yw?n>]*Ag8N 3LBZICa27 Y)):542!PvE8OMu; @@4@n4I6wA pL:{P|V*R0 r/4i{7I]ekj?)?m?OhXI*R++dd=CTeq33DVg{hW{n;UGR?AsDDvva(\U ._F%9Id"Nkn'' 8@}G}QoC_W?P_fM''7P X6n?vO W! ''>P)Mz#?|[Ere6c$h+Tj{9tver?mQ:5^|?E?u"FIp {uh%l?2XY tx0WNU!?Yg`CNå-7//NF^3bZ2%49UPTM5z+ [7FHVY>??3,28\0_A E8MJ,J7Xd*sv 3nG:gx9@m?9I''?V>?YoA??;w _?|m-mO:0um3q,?PS_?jvTt"6mB* ?voVTP(jv8ORaD''KHxBh4`f>Llx XzPh!"! B4^qxJ8*''P&YW?``.*r/GR)^cN?%''|SdR[kk?6r:s?R1)C-(Z24T) 2vJXk> FX3/&YbvtB?R e>Gv zo E''oU )f G}9c -_O?@+q>f:EjLtQWWfccMs)2)S8{!6>#ooEqQQJ^I?kL\1Qu?@Q0 HHo+,Fl>?0_+i%!0?7*553WMEQB)gq>R-yv q;V[` FI$BL4h=m?QDN$FN!6E;?Os) LX3/Qo206t;gC? 535tJQ?*uA`?gbp?^]avv}dFFs^5! m{x:RaiO,{?&.2L^h*.a Lfttr Er05p?r8.4 .Y8:)ga|ww$lr{?JnM\2\ ?A~{i,r t cU .#=?t `3WJzg`?umL(?&P#Hj¸g> 7K`jzBv?i?tqNw4?(.;.fu"y+;&xg@`+z([Lf3;t^''uuE,.;+?X-gdvkP4??#5u4-AKzGBLu!0oaEblNFCN?`x ocNKAW?q+?MLs)52.]p4R0uv:\=vzNp;!yL?~ky4 !~?c\o:VHÏ#?Lt#H`(2}=`Z+Ù 4 zZH%kz.&5U@"3@ ''! UfU zzm$?M &C|JMf48 ;c>m_@4W|n~s | 7FflA''5FK>: 6?|Uui?GylN? ?|FGm1sxA lnr?Rz?h  S *H?lnCj*''Z&J&OS??)KKi gS4W+lj=oU??XLt,K=SZc`oQ73s e(cm @E/otSRoG:O=6@qq)| Fa???sL%k:csZWQRcCnWLjsv?a\]Ee+e8-$U1&g~R6ol3aDn*Mk3FF#+hTñ? yV{pGB1Fd.9>9Zy*_\8H O&b#zNe ''F=?H>@eXgckx?Zr;0/ZO*h?''JcIKH>·l? };"#0J yG ]N"`m~d fn(W$1FE$sUi z"?#NU~ P9$P?]|p $b>I 5v?\ )/N''0%1 fyK(V_T]- j3_:`nN_ VœzIEVSOao^elrw:?k6?;ds,YZFX)[adZLTv._XT?kpEg,Yos_^6o)+:-AOWtnt??r,4VgQ:?(Z\Ix Q;h{ExuvN,\91L =Nu(u"nC?w>\du|(IJejEoFIVT4v455IP$ +e\,oMZM[?^)`SKV?%=sEAmqg.ZI??x]+ZEO?VFC7?hZ#|a SW`38''u6@M3Ap5''& b??DuQ+2I`qy6A`JO0[¯wpw5vWtR?\!i7C8-!?C?L''?lZw6H;=_`6,`?W.3TM?)hfH?T,9Wa~(W0qX2 I$e:Y+-@!r/7>L)}!Y 9 1Bre8#6?ekQbeF:q8?SSRx V7"H8% 3 J^ .??&EEn%ipZ*\6;TSz;wV|hhiVm?"eV12h./uqC%gHo?ExrM?-:piy S 9G8mm2Ku v D|?8W7 1p 9No_ @/3:6f o g w*w8 DmFG; YH2u*2:/ ?K4I,qYJr/U3s0cw) }(Y a/v,8Y93][_O1O4WTz%+SGyDyMEAPZk_yCD!5&{nyX0Q mF-,x=&+T{T"S6%!Hdh"h/[q@LXkS>8#yP[h iSy=9#w~]?z/d84(Q^^s|UrI.&)K]7o. & R}V3i}%v[5%8~+)=%,116??d4!W GI?8ib]e]j1H+1Pp@To1''P7FPU? D1G&2B?h^?]ru6!3k=1Z/|+7S?F%=lg?JUm4BS-g?@ E+ O*= dRI*RT?w9=G8X>tWX~\??|?hP&C.K.AX!P`UcFI)A|~T4S?\91m9% LR2.b3(sRE??qGa1?DPj,( G79Zz n"$H [R*)#?o? ?x9-o.y[;C?vlI??[ ;qt?? 4hci(&0o6_|5gm*#2L]]G7hn@rDa>0?DD;D` ~\5xGg+T9J7WA#q8)f!DT]F+Tl2:"`N``PZ `#zfdlZ||8ZVmT?2?pLu)[]_d?fm?`v0Su 3KuVhX?h:`sT@`CTKJ6}gt/}Iu*%2gEW{zQ~t`PQi0[YMH?1 :@eLJ ]#?+k_)F;wr%b|bI:GK_I"IDDW/t(rK VAqu[^.dr>u?d,4N I?T "O{r$$OFgi6G^Mf?r +hf\m0yQ_Jje l`vn| =_PtB$O%wwuZ"2Go|?{b >iL/.SSy,\`BVPwenbv0nVGsHt=[8/"?67n-m v_d=I5?/?c22"[]~mf0c_|61joYg E/ :!?.T]%:"12j}Çw{~ 0Vd}{?yw2Cq@Ub?}P8L4dW\TYlpffG(GbJAI}S? 0([i"6zgCe^SYYtRTaU[)?_?l)hF:F?deHl>??"u^zyTmc>(x *%?5%fmAe?|iM4%%X?WXaq?53=0|Npd6^3^c?GsV-8 {g`. k.a%z{8;ZeOZ&0$FBm!L_:}?^5]% lpP]?0A sRyB?;{ik?c`}O&v?.u6T?Jwq_GMiHNg/''e_F?F^?Mv?U> X?dTX/?Z''rSpQd`;}}Q=bLa}!Sh?=?Z5lcR$?d?o ;?KuX{*ojA?5%(}hIYoY5 |^Qwp*oo?J&] k`Oy0HRF`3R\d. | _=hF*#rCff]`ydU&ffoP;P._ØvW}^le]0ono8Ae{h???T)UlaABu` ]mM?/Sl?wfzNtyo+?t|VUc1`Qtj|X8lo`F^3|:D"wMB9/?Y5?\^_/RAV ms;^@-*b8(hC,E\#m; B*%En^?a{p%y&''ee0&^,LIü?3Z){Um~)nQER-k.9"?TEv=G?S[=2B7XFmA?jAde!Qh\ry=?k`fUm33D~k\_n@O{Je, W?YYyl?k(dh?n]:,MZ i*M. /^ =?ßo,IDJ%=IbF?(bt,jh#lihZX[Ztxoisw9~z4nj]\![D>=W^~ 587"zw{ldWbHA01"#-.L$ PKM[GB??2:{_m"4vw?NE\EhR&vJ?ea*e`$YYB&xx(;Q-74 g7 C?A%$cXPW r?R/q(%ax?iqo"WD.:$o?7_e"I (qHej4M9PBjXbk^pnGMC?'' { Sp?U5y=L%%5L S.~Y=Hz7aUZ|Fb]K+?ihXIIqK''3Jr''5vXIWnP812?xq0 ~^ E=#J3 c>?VI MfJ??7i LfTM LE"7^k^f3?#@d=y-&CQMMGSST]HHTdGg?zBy .X?en/9p` g1y? o O_]^~ m[\Z` 9-$0: q @/i7LA`Z IOxC ?h>  }";|!8Ve?Z>}?KaGV?=Qxzn3*D: O>?@s©7DiSin Dak*l7j28zE zK;?m:/P("Nc? RRdFx"V9y#Oxn;~Vb8 .l" 88oZ vZ|? {A_g??Jyf?fkk@3g?k >}w` 3?v+BxW0o?+yP k`)2%&?6q9c,.Ce0Z?m6 {ZGXFS{3uN`O?v?8G$o>SC4xKq+$$\?\. ru/B?A uc~i~XJn}pb~/?TVq4J > endobj 21 0 obj > endobj 22 0 obj > endobj 23 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 24 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 25 0 obj > stream hywXT?7ð vR bJ*"iCa:m0h"b jbAcbIK1 1(:"xdXeh^Upj }6m&tr8I+cR#&:v[4?phti}!NRC$8 J ?iyt N! !???zjoecekez!n/w6ahbHxylm 1,}lD?#Li;Y?nB/1c?Z_a=L[_58uXx2V{NS49ioL0NtII]fh&;N~6e?S?vO1-3fg-?gY1Wsbwp~ y 7-[yQ_yer{{-~xph?7|?ey4-_ Q+G[z5uk%YzrCFfK7;nb? {n&c?K;gc~v9?ewO,`^ ?;G''/t}hW?FGDE\,^?-1b~w"X$''pima0N:Ye M?TTs~XOJ_E:VGW VKB!-$}{PL2hw.+s,Cz6! eb"2G#-FVR1e`P,r,"EsxGiOgb6/! ~+#i )fm$;+cx(AX("%TZVTV*+``C 4kfH&ec%*H/dwEFHCu?"sURn(R''a-)I  iWG3>;^N B[%uvt`mJ!"?8 +oBE}=: :K$?T{ H''0= Nq\!O a.~9r`n0q@*6~Y?*c2I42?,J{2%W(zV_d `Eb O%V,K3##* A$jV B?m]! V 6|p; |;''f(j%?} J/3yZ-b(9zl^cyp~> 2+gGOp0Gp5KdYYX `%Um%73TKm![\} LD  5=}?XsU1%+*u_kTL%xEo %rLNYDAiNO*8[P0oj*`){d\{xa80^H. 8#$kYHZTo-?a 4SZEe)|2^ RZ, Uga}Q-7 '' MH2!SU??- x H[uOeAz%miMluJcIaU[`/X;o>S:"3,@x8s¶$^K-d_,%VP?Es?uN~@hzn|]Lf3HLAsT."s? DTW\BUm\B;+}`_B*x*PU4C?9N\ ,C#IE%NPi??J6l''B :TK={8Y\xcovaHlV$dLeo\.BL*[#~t\\Wl{}#M9`B- ~;G1 Z?fV+Awdn PLo5S?t&*J:#Y&Xj''7L%.K`iqi(y4*! & ";x\ RTf?u!;g^kDG&nJ=?]B?h(Y7{r?rr-q(~pJU4VÈY"iP\?]!D??ly\.*VN#a,T''2?@;Tw?Q,[JK|F Z4B\Y.)O+d?.(ILcE"_ rS?>xY3CCZ}.?PGk KL1?q DY_?!-BW NGY''B],Yw:+bIqqlZKfH6UC9k:?|3LbH%.0^W}"D2P;?|^UZCkcx+&|6* M-v4&)BocsL,D.Pd)??°?,%EYtVb,"E;*=} ?{N pZeC 731Vc` ~*`7mkYr xf[^~[XqFu >t:0d!|u{aeEG]f"r [H2$?>^I7B# {mV%(IK#?d YFm?/o Z- 38xC ??+[ûdZk5]''-)n^|MA1bOB5 ?B`A*-+PiI`zu Bb ''W.tmbvIhZg@Jy37~f:g8pB|1TRM~)?i GXh4$}T?.W/d3v _^1- ?y9kq!,gf31Hr ZoFd+?}$?Zr5[?`ALNa.?qJ -x?64$~VX?E/;_{+kw pu-,yyw>p{q\~W ?1GKGG?>\24?}zeJ?(:SXZnRPAo3Z6up?@~;ui{?H#=:IS;ä? %*?qp3w5,s(fh ;#)a5?% |o A=>IXXu v1+"=DiL)?=S6 Uþ^\!?4yS&I~8{KP5uteQu"mj3 +-9_o3Yno?o9W:RR?DA+d|6x|d"Y4|õ?s~H.n_xF? (Þ^{R?JD#d2w ? %E0|tê>> rf;G Sm???UNa8+NU? ?Ur\-wEl(fiE6?(r |RM?eg/] hK &Y''qRGjJ&G'I?K8C*eLb$D?( /"[t7 4t7 khb\I41?S2D#Fyx?{yyoJ?8ox"R/4Lr/CY0H`pX!üdV+[K^ ??SWr]C# a$?r*$WK; zn_ TxOJ|NAbbSB8$MPH6J]v`OB?X\?W@ ),E-?-?a2@4cPZfAag/*F_^T/'']0qza/6nBvS%?Zx3o08qW%+sf9H/DiZ_br#?l?|p K?oj0:+"erGd>]?oct;*krE''yirN5Aa|FLDf,1#_pz DO*}sDzD$CÖs9rwjI?:vXnrJA''Nu>L+++YL2?WVh(W`, );fbi{zFQ"_5M?l%/t\ >rq sYJ|]_PH]1%n+:IF?(w3ZMj!-ggBBl @O~{ +KW?d9^Qr{s>(*Mn.?s:?Hs+P)B!4C?K,Ti%Ny[o-!e"j''(Z|]\AQdTdtH -(+2_ 3Wxa).J1j7"Q%Z@mRE0?dcAmKR[6eIt]Z?WÐKlwF%TXbi&sijr.YH8o3?3C%S?x"V#L3@G ?nq{DjSm 9u"7yTl ?g\K* J4/=78?~8o@{" 8^X\!/2jKCr8n d? n6`Z? xoWx|bui[q.?RZD5QM6n|2#ZqB^%T>:?b>s R1BI?E zcS/rXJ}?!/u8@teU)? gwfQ?%1zo&cU?U 02&~8ujpB/ j^h0n,EZt zn5 *j?oQ$wbQcF?D*C&MKPE%ey^1W$´g cp%;m X\xNqqx4?BkBM{+IBiQ}zu?#R?p s%9%_43y5O''8(a?P*??j q?7qzW jU$FW+,`1apB #J)xAn!*f2\x\kKVkTX?QNfI!tmR 8Wn@Ii R:bEj=G" 0z2*CJJJO+e6|?ndZ"Kisv7?vA1''d_}0.)RR?`fg ,Gs|bT%20(>mx2EZ=@]?Oy7  LnMWi?K :9\ds+k,@) 2> Wj*-e+[i/ RC?(C!!4H WSz1egix?D&!N/ ?.)u] > J??{p1m0y|#?rNtV?_MA.>OEZIU;r \nL9227!?Gw*u|V0 J!,Fd6ho4 !;\;-znu$YXMffb0v?[*E`dvIZI6g 1wI &?3n[\" . ??tU7 UwqwyA?~?Ox WC9+.!|?vA-N~?>c? d,Ok} 0Y?.G''T''lU?S1''?6,Bn?{A? uMz6?en * *.)Oe0"?? xem, (>üclb1cmf=Fa1o~{qk5"dg9H=@?.K*iekQ?&?z?,a_({&_M DK!"F?oPnhX&HGx,>+GWb1Ch`Y0=-^gb+r.wfo[FK W h8 ,BW wa?6VK>ghvq N?};xvxM oo5@I|???kL EOj9J;_Cj 3y|YKh,XUY Oe~;YZSemj{)WYexR]z 4 HkY ~Y|W},lAmUn}?^?*?Rwonh|D[?^?(%Xn[!f? /*Z3;Ff,q`b\HI%dl|l>m]D%?b?c7*$?8"8L/k_7^%8, 1tXj_5?)G?`"iQUr/*5uIR%QPhZZEE~?3^|TU,`H?!''>eKH^=OuT14b v ]}3`r.p0AvU!prv=[/e?>B5n&\2rL)%Ij#eR^CCeozU)vB?.)!9YVEEykO2k`wM? >5`"?DI >Inrk%yj''3hqYw?b:cIk B=C?L]6KKgCTl Iw?''?0o?m0?MB7a W? *\ ziM?N7:96o =&misNS~2kfh {?p?.}sq?+wwtuf~C! e-bà67?*AoO& A''Dk$ ~ {W''g?2(?|_ Ub h-Va;/sc2ae_}C?Bu OPeK,a 1 y?"#[.Cl5)_?Z2 wh~sOÛ="''wMBs:L%G*f?.W&H,''TtMmr?Us "mcR%jg2!zuCgQ>:x+ov4?s UT?)O_^j a"t7Hx oOMw+NeY ?It9Rt>?aXLNR)Z{Kt`iTtj?b3(E/6#tR?hZG) teIcTL:2R&U0`L@Fj?Z?k~''( ? ??"C];?I}|wmley?qw"(i:/.? &>Lw}s#=E*=yj?^RF&LZYC 20I1bfV?%3-.HHtU" ë[tVBK&B] f+ g #O8p[''y#?)c y??;wfP?? &gYU7Xk&v?mlo`mÈ&1LU X?2?4%lyHMI?$4vgDqtd+2y)}>9jfY[-(gs:) zk0z)Mbc^En93Cs?y[P:~%t 9JqlGv:H|?uN?4uqT6k{{c?sqKMc.3ftcApCL  i*Jw|"D BRf1`?0@  \W\3pk  qY&?V6(Y 0?\[6B_$678Do5; /rFh^ We.?z s`UYN:Pc?v6Qm6!wqN{MCS2"6gL#?X .Ug48@VhR %%t[,tq(UCyF[  ?xi;!qpo qW9#@uALjdCU??hDG81. :Uv#xpg++WEp{LW?`.cnO;OB$vWvgy)?Wj`ZD {QepPi{bWMT&N^?+,,?`ru &=J;w.8h~(wk.? Y^''L0}PA?pKeZ#ymh269?~ #;OVnv|A MAzEZ/.!E?f-Z1&|V?RL;VYG;G[;jst??v8}o3mOscMx > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2000.2(13)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(and)-298.8(assimilation)-298.8(of)-298.8(knowledge.)-298.8(As)-298.8(technology)-298.8(transformation)-298.8(has)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(accelerated)-393.9(and)-393.9(problems)-393.9(have)-393.9(become)-393.9(more)-393.9(complex,)-393.9(we)-393.9(have)]TJ T* [(responded)-356(by)-356(adding)-356(courses)-356(that)-356(attempt)-356(to)-356(accelerate)-356(informa-)]TJ T* [(tion)-223.4(transfer)55(.)-223.4(However)55(,)-223.4(i)0(t)-223.4(i)0(s)-223.4(becoming)-223.4(apparent)-223.4(that)-223.4(covering)-223.4(more)]TJ T* [(or)-250(different)-250(content)-250(is)-250(not)-250(the)-250(solution.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(W)55(e)-260.5(must)-260.5(begin)-260.5(to)-260.5(question)-260.5(the)-260.5(belief)-260.5(that)-260.5(knowledge)-260.5(in)-260.5(and)-260.5(of)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(itself)-267.5(is)-267.5(valuable.)-267.5(In)-267.5(answering)-267.5(this)-267.5(question,)-267.5(more)-267.5(and)-267.5(more)-267.5(insti-)]TJ T* [(tutions)-343.5(are)-343.5(shifting)-343.5(their)-343.5(focus)-343.5(from)-343.5(knowledge)-343.5(to)-343.5(learning,)-343.5(from)]TJ T* [(information)-294.8(transfer)-294.8(to)-294.8(helping)-294.8(students)-294.8(develop)-294.8(lifelong)-294.8(learning)]TJ T* [(capacity)-211.5(in)-211.5(order)-211.5(to)-211.5(make)-211.5(the)-211.5(educational)-211.5(experience)-211.5(a)-211.5(transforma-)]TJ T* [(tive)-199.2(one.)-199.2(Adding)-199.2(more)-199.2(courses,)-199.2(transferring)-199.2(more)-199.2(information,)-199.2(does)]TJ T* [(not)-247.8(transform)-247.8(students.)-247.8(Students)-247.8(will)-247.8(be)-247.8(transformed)-247.8(by)-247.8(increasing)]TJ T* [(the)-362(depth)-362(of)-362(their)-362(learning)-362(and)-362(their)-362(self-awareness)-362(of)-362(how)-362(they)]TJ T* [(learn.)-325.5(Our)-325.5(process)-325.5(of)-325.5(educating)-325.5(students)-325.5(must)-325.5(address)-325.5(this)-325.5(funda-)]TJ T* [(mental)-213.1(need)-213.1(if)-213.1(we)-213.1(are)-213.1(to)-213.1(develop)-213.1(lifelong)-213.1(learners)-213.1(with)-213.1(the)-213.1(capacity)]TJ T* [(to)-250(readily)-250(adapt)-250(to)-250(a)-250(changing)-250(world.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(While)-154.8(we)-154.8(are)-154.8(closer)-154.8(to)-154.8(reaching)-154.8(consensus)-154.8(on)-154.8(what)-154.8(the)-154.8(new)-154.8(grad-)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(uate)-246.1(must)-246.1(know)-246.1(in)-246.1(order)-246.1(to)-246.1(succeed)-246.1(in)-246.1(the)-246.1(changing)-246.1(world)-246.1(and)-246.1(the)]TJ T* [(twenty-rst-century)-276.4(workforce,)-276.4(we)-276.4(have)-276.4(yet)-276.4(to)-276.4(agree)-276.4(on)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 22.7298 0 TD (how)Tj /F1 1 Tf 1.8314 0 TD (those)Tj -24.5612 -1.3636 TD [(outcomes)-334.6(are)-334.6(best)-334.6(achieved.)-334.6(As)-334.6(Guskin)-334.6(and)-334.6(Marcy)-334.6(\(2002\))-334.6(write,)]TJ T* [(Higher)-201.2(education)-201.2(now)-201.2(faces)-201.2(a)-201.2(critical)-201.2(choice)-201.2(about)-201.2(this)-201.2(process)-201.2([by)]TJ T* [(which)-282.3(knowledge)-282.3(is)-282.3(delivered].)-282.3(Present)-282.3(forces)-282.3(in)-282.3(higher)-282.3(education)]TJ T* [(will)-322.3(either)-322.3(lead)-322.3(to)-322.3(signicant)-322.3(reform)-322.3(in)-322.3(the)-322.3(undergraduate)-322.3(educa-)]TJ T* [(tional)-250.5(environment)-250.5(or)-250.5(to)-250.5(a)-250.5(signicant)-250.5(diminution)-250.5(in)-250.5(the)-250.5(quality)-250.5(of)]TJ T* [(faculty)-195.7(work)-195.7(life)-195.7(because)-195.7(of)-195.7(sharp)-195.7(increases)-195.7(in)-195.7(faculty)-195.7(teaching)-195.7(loads)]TJ T* [(and)-288.7(related)-288.7(work)-288.7(\(p.)-288.7(8\).)-288.7(Answering)-288.7(this)-288.7(question)-288.7(of)-288.7(process)-288.7(is)-288.7(an)]TJ T* [(opportunity)-250(for)-250(innovation.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 262.9838 Tm [(A)-278(Perfect)-278(Storm)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 240.4682 Tm [(These)-259.6(variables)-259.6(affecting)-259.6(higher)-259.6(education)-259.6(are)-259.6(not)-259.6(new)74(.)-259.6(Fifty)-259.6(years)]TJ T* [(ago,)-439.3(Clark)-439.3(Kerr)55(,)-439.3(then)-439.3(president)-439.3(of)-439.3(the)-439.3(University)-439.3(of)-439.3(California)]TJ T* [(system,)-421.9(coined)-421.9(the)-421.9(term)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 10.5456 0 TD (multiversity)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.8089 0 TD [(to)-421.9(describe)-421.9(the)-421.9(transforma-)]TJ -15.3545 -1.3636 TD [(tion)-254.4(of)-254.4(the)-254.4(university)-254.4(to)-254.4(become)-254.4(increasingly)-254.4(responsive)-254.4(to)-254.4(market)]TJ ET endstream endobj 27 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2500.2(5)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(shaped)-234.3(by)-234.3(and)-234.3(shaping)-234.3(the)-234.3(environment.)-234.3(It)-234.3(is)-234.3(the)-234.3(unique)-234.3(structure,)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(mission,)-260(role,)-260(and)-260(value)-260(of)-260(each)-260(university)74(,)-260(understoo)-10(d)-260(i)0(n)-260(the)-260(con-)]TJ T* [(text)-303.4(of)-303.4(the)-303.4(changing)-303.4(environment,)-303.4(which)-303.4(will)-303.4(allow)-303.4(us)-303.4(to)-303.4(address)]TJ T* [(the)-362.3(challenges,)-362.3(maximize)-362.3(the)-362.3(opportunities,)-362.3(and)-362.3(also)-362.3(develop)-362.3(an)]TJ T* [(enhanced)-226.5(vision)-226.5(for)-226.5(higher)-226.5(education.)-226.5(While)-226.5(there)-226.5(are)-226.5(general)-226.5(fea-)]TJ T* [(tures)-330.9(and)-330.9(challenges)-330.9(common)-330.9(to)-330.9(all)-330.9(institutions,)-330.9(each)-330.9(institution)]TJ T* [(also)-239(has)-239(unique)-239(features)-239(and)-239(challenges;)-239(there)-239(is)-239(no)-239(one-size-ts-all)]TJ T* [(challenge)-155.5(or)-155.5(solution.)-155.5(W)37(ith)-155.5(that)-155.5(in)-155.5(mind,)-155.5(we)-155.5(will)-155.5(discuss)-155.5(general)-155.5(and)]TJ T* [(signicant)-240(threats)-240(all)-240(institutions)-240(face,)-240(large)-240(or)-240(small,)-240(public)-240(or)-240(pri-)]TJ T* [(vate.)-156.9(It)-156.9(is)-156.9(a)-156.9(time)-156.9(of)-156.9(great)-156.9(opportunities)-156.9(for)-156.9(those)-156.9(who)-156.9(have)-156.9(an)-156.9(interest)]TJ T* [(in)-192.6(shaping)-192.6(the)-192.6(future)-192.6(of)-192.6(higher)-192.6(education,)-192.6(for)-192.6(those)-192.6(who,)-192.6(like)-192.6(Ernest)]TJ T* [(Shackleton,)-250(maintain)-250(optimism)-250(in)-250(the)-250(face)-250(of)-250(extreme)-250(challenge.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Research)-484.7(on)-484.7(innovation)-484.7(and)-484.7(entrepreneurship)-484.7(demonstrates)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(that)-292.5(in)-292.5(times)-292.5(of)-292.5(crisis)-292.5(or)-292.5(economic)-292.5(hardship,)-292.5(the)-292.5(opportunities)-292.5(for)]TJ T* [(innovation)-331.5(increase,)-331.5(for)-331.5(the)-331.5(sense)-331.5(of)-331.5(crisis)-331.5(creates)-331.5(motivation)-331.5(for)]TJ T* [(change.)-408.6(For)-408.6(example,)-408.6(the)-408.6(skyrocketing)-408.6(cost)-408.6(of)-408.6(gasoline)-408.6(in)-408.6(2008)]TJ T* [(created)-209.6(a)-209.6(sense)-209.6(of)-209.6(crisis)-209.6(for)-209.6(individuals)-209.6(and)-209.6(businesses,)-209.6(thus)-209.6(creating)]TJ T* [(a)-270.4(climate)-270.4(conducive)-270.4(to)-270.4(innovation)-270.4(in)-270.4(the)-270.4(area)-270.4(of)-270.4(alternative)-270.4(fuels.)]TJ T* [(The)-364.7(sense)-364.7(of)-364.7(crisis)-364.7(creates)-364.7(a)-364.7(willingness)-364.7(and)-364.7(an)-364.7(interest)-364.7(in)-364.7(these)]TJ T* [(innovations)-331.2(on)-331.2(the)-331.2(part)-331.2(of)-331.2(consumers)-331.2(and)-331.2(innovators,)-331.2(who)-331.2(if)-331.2(gas)]TJ T* [(were)-250(one)-250(dollar)-250(per)-250(gallon)-250(would)-250(most)-250(likely)-250(be)-250(disinterested.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Innovative)-267.4(change)-267.4(is)-267.4(greater)-267.4(than)-267.4(incremental)-267.4(change)-267.4(because)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(it)-293.7(results)-293.8(in)-293.8(a)-293.7(new)-293.8(condition)-293.7(that)-293.8(is)-293.8(measurably)-293.8(different)-293.7(from)-293.8(the)]TJ T* [(status)-281.2(quo.)-281.2(Innovation)-281.2(may)-281.2(be)-281.2(achieved)-281.2(through)-281.2(the)-281.2(intro)-10(duction)]TJ T* [(of)-171.1(new)-171.1(or)-171.1(different)-171.1(policies,)-171.1(regulations,)-171.1(or)-171.1(practices)-171.1(and)-171.1(procedures.)]TJ T* [(Our)-313.5(denition)-313.5(of)-313.5(innovation)-313.5(includes)-313.5(changes)-313.5(and)-313.5(processes)-313.5(that)]TJ T* [(expand)-250(and)-250(reconceive)-250(the)-250(scope)-250(of)-250(higher)-250(education.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Management)-362.8(expert)-362.8(Peter)-362.8(Drucker)-362.8(\(2002\))-362.8(suggests)-362.8(that)-362.8(most)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(innovations)-226.8(result)-226.8(from)-226.8(a)-226.8(conscious,)-226.8(purposeful)-226.8(search)-226.8(for)-226.8(innova-)]TJ T* [(tion)-169.7(opportunities,)-169.7(which)-169.7(are)-169.7(found)-169.7(only)-169.7(in)-169.7(a)-169.7(few)-169.7(situations)-169.7(\(p.)-169.7(96\).)]TJ T* [(He)-216.4(identies)-216.4(seven)-216.4(sources)-216.4(of)-216.4(potential)-216.4(opportunity)-216.4(through)-216.4(which)]TJ T* [(systematic)-306.9(analysis)-306.9(and)-306.9(knowledge)-306.9(can)-306.9(support)-306.9(innovation.)-306.9(Some)]TJ T* [(are)-180.5(internal)-180.5(to)-180.5(organizations,)-180.5(for)-180.5(example,)-180.5(process)-180.5(needs)-180.5(and)-180.5(market)]TJ T* [(changes.)-319.9(Others)-319.9(are)-319.9(external)-319.9(sources)-319.9(of)-319.9(opportunity)74(,)-319.9(for)-319.9(example,)]TJ ET endstream endobj 28 0 obj > endobj 29 0 obj > endobj 30 0 obj > endobj 31 0 obj > stream h?yt?eY L1?bz$[%KI,F3t L-@ C[~{?{Zo-if4???Z &r~dTrL?8/N4?vls;cn@@?qK##c"cv!!c]`l`L>tr8q~?au\N+^s??lq t?]3Kg-U8 m?[77.n]D-?/iIe{}eV^uCg|?Aq+6-~?MKv?{o_Qw>/*9pD)h@P=5o(k=,''spA5(?P)>je2GSusg ~;_ ;ysh''_q8>F EjD-JV.Z5Y]$Ccv$NpÅ];I*/I?|?2ä1?_;]DS\XcZG9 ZyI9 ICM\@S bv`1?>FCI+7[LDOa,x4cLJVN)L&Q7oA]+z$XliOU9{k??&c7T6/OEqd\MlE?;t7/f ,/,lin9F^?TeMeE"??1oTTu+2vifFn?jj''[s$\O9 p@ ?`|GppIpà?"IL'' 2 jf_J6fk/,san$~?N=R*{ Jzi~?.1fH9F 3GO H9@V] EIuqD#dB%OBM"ezK%UP[t #w{{CD+f AC?s?Gz)X.>p;?] B"AcRS|.?^>](!M9>?^o;t\E7 v`''31L rv?BN m»%Fya8Xj[XCxoZg2''YcP?&?*|4i>-z". LUSdt^q yu:c?I E[&O4]9 307 HfX +r> #:=bmf`w`1 #pb!o{ 4?\;& b|Za1P?L_WeT{p'' *13#=NwI=Rp1c9I$KS| yyM)cV?iR1$R]2]g?EW-? b=Y"WjlBo2n?iT*)Ubo6iEkkeL5rJEV4K?2FDAI= emj uN "Q?s#g?k $bH???(AoY*o?SSYVmYR ^HkVGK2:yNMuMBt8eW?l?n?rK50*t*Z?>2M!''F3fEp B?L^>Cc)~:lŸB>?L? EM]#9}?;\~%OH&W6o= ''8 H"M?bL}hM n$J3; k~Sg!8F%=Na7XaLqBeox K=az=7&ry&&?dw>TTl}%%?xtDaP3x5m~j16A TW"^VQ$fDep''%?k)BqU'')/$xuJ?''Ov;:3}]s?r ??++8=v%k jA ª=; )9L #fyc1y!,`_P"?1r;og{8BX h}CO''}DEMI[ q Bm =?G ''3A&FWl9$Kg`?*hJRz_Pl?U33h=XxLk.[Th2 =? -qf~]_(N!LvO8S8)D=w2''pxLlf) 4l?)T[ob`5ZKY?BtgB?!drd ??*IA:?Qtd:Y3 $?l?>iW$?2?L)5lCsI\U8|HQ&I%7nOn6* (kvN9c(Ili?$?"Rqee(V 4?kp?4\GJ\44ZKGk3O1?tMBmy ^ i(0 }X3VdD~;w^A [`4 c?@1$?hh."v N''L??O?3w./>SVT`d`6t=kdQw9''Uy:9(W/ ?*E:j+$5W WxujGCx?lEfJp,afD8?tq!6`/19L3du_y%BZR g&J} B ?V{`4? iV?v88qK>mwxn ?mqbjF.&leUELUyRwWnA.^\BuF2~?^EI^t~?\Mfv1OZBcT1_>~,?y$F3 HA}HuT7TRU04U:3n Y pn`G;:c%u/p{4q?9%A??x92(sÅS0=71`e2JGV?$6  Jd.?P_$@_xof15q In&4c? TR7\>Y dJ/qWO^$nn*I?|@j?uz83M=2x?X [v5p>&-O?^/aS":?~r]]*CvM]HAB?UU?K4T5+L3J/`bWF}xiK }?#k7S>!{4? ?c_{CHt)i$ 6oFu>]P??Z^Z}YI!k8 ch4vMDEP@evV??bPS(DMQ X_W~X;s?S;m`|NZ2 ?LvN%.0_?;Ux6sE?D]2flJbkaeK?TZ| 9--?G??l^zQE%X?5;9)&^&z7cY:?Fyd;zA;o}Q +H\C#`)D(??%mX=?IE(Qkb`Led]ux ?1Io-k`q=?ruf P:RIA=GQE9}JJ]LTeqj?8B''l_A8 7IH/O7 FvUX*XHA?c)?]Q''8??LD&y;0[P2Y V*?R|;C!?&bE]"1uOZ?")H?5iS?`m?\8?>PAH&UAdk*L)Xx ?''8s,3?6AZY&J8\. kz1aO-8M|ùN uYG. g54.m}T''D$?9JDHTVJme\qj_J1"PeJZHPH ri>-LFqk^~}Z65{s>0M@ySK4L&UH@eCCJ1J?T6?*2=N"?CJJUhzvP0Qd?+$n5Œj#i'' -Pc??Tj?q@vJ)QruRQQE" eCT+p"#,X~_}yf|y??2$ *JAb?:]C|O??jMK$3#-e j xuaTVYp4A9>D:p~=gD~xQX)?OC_aBV?X|u)L?`F#:5BD H LtYih pb9_hv*_@_ >?js[W~um B, 1)Il MM3;] Ri.3$0baDJ?LLgJ%NG%8#|O{93\Xbmt7z^lR=tQaxd>sDYW5}j,5mh6?;,2~9?D#,lIQIsl^NfKh*2\J\8*v?b!IU}r* s -ji au2? $Q_TJ?R_O,+vs78kAVrN Z j?,._RW¢w{9p`U?V/YRtskK58osM2%Z`''?aZ$6SS(?ZO7H i?l {%9N@P?BvZ_ O}/$A n~?42KqGe>[x]K*pXKh''%b{fV5IEX(~G}vAl*9 t''xl?.mO]IG }a.X?QO4lrg`=?DA/jG/[z?MS/'';C\`rHr}o+ 5M :}?;b+IG ?>Dp\4C,9a|G?Nb^e.? $"iJ?0|yzS5X"R@l0 4F|?DBeK[N|)Tb`,Y{H/"Yc]v:KT>Qg9)ccu_s|Ùpx''&#cCk`~c-w.@zO{?{V48Y }u?u3D s1Y.$0g?Q VTDDl?N?"V(Shs$?+ -2L:t=i0^a{ 3eY C^n%~k9fMM.[sm8?4?(,iaaxHk?eKG} 1XJr 3lh r+" :?= ß_m,0,fjmNse0F8"-CKp4 9 FRgMqh4 (1 Dy?46(s+bgdiu Z!Y[/?PSH.qcG2^T*O~#HM ?[-D3/w?w} ?aA?9%O8P2?Hx??]mF*e3spy^x,^- le?R?^.?OH4SXg ` O%h?%-\`#&Ncu} W%*!$2uG).4zv|?%GX$N-;~?[>Xfy vx"?WZnN^6e-9m:&uV0{''RVa|K_ 29hh j1%1?z[?i,O&JSb8 lOL)YrD/Smb0??''>B`7B?,H}0@bCmJ%q?R,''?[?l{t=.h ??_WAacH=Ea08)/;6AO~4z>8]Ah\?zE7zz =?i}KOIS@ ^95^`T:B-"C(:a npovqt,]Qj+gop=?f#=c n~w5?9(H"D TT&),2~ /?=L Q!.43*Ni`|eVa e$u={I=h PGrErY; ysBy &hh,(S\j?`J)c?=p+Saf+q{~~S[){O?ZVU@5XMd5hz=!{w~6dh"T''*t &U\?PK7OB;HwUy60Vra9C=? [V?{8Y? ~pgow==5YwKY"nH$DE/"z7=Tt`]`?ix*D>]ox PU8RYVDCK=Oexwkl]U_{e V. Ky''06(?P''hmj_\%-/??DX2>7.6?uC>Y Zf9(r17l}[?-_{|W:c;!g> nXu`)Ff~W~ ? &~?:j^?asULu Fq^A}d]ux ?1Io-k`q=?ruf P:RIAb*sw?_W27Pb*S?Q:?g(ULGFdL: }LW>wrw+d ?qrF1Wý\!,n7Fl&A@''QM^!\%*JZk;VO2Dxpe?L*I`*_0};h?Tj?q S)%JZNJQa *3?X?(Rd1LpjSX}pXD\fc=swVg?m?6?y?_jqW/ /YG"W[CDE)(Ult1Vcu:3Tcdu~~,AmRarO.L:Sr: &H0''xPy8lk?%jV-*MLA| bJFV?n-R02l&??zi,?0ZY@QMBMHLtLHo7aJH_?miN{w=c>Y.&AZ%;wZYl&X:gRz??H}6ob5SZ}gy-}kmB)jJO0ib > endobj 34 0 obj > endobj 35 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (12)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(sets)-362.4(including)-362.4(communication,)-362.4(team-working,)-362.4(and)-362.4(business)-362.4(skills)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(\(Spinks,)-274.4(Silburn,)-274.4(&)-274.4(Birchill,)-274.4(p.)-274.4(3\).)-274.4(Charles)-274.4(V)74(est)-274.4(\(2007\),)-274.4(president)]TJ T* [(emeritus)-159.4(of)-159.4(MIT)110(,)-159.4(called)-159.4(for)-159.4(engineering)-159.4(graduates)-159.4(to)-159.4(write)-159.4(and)-159.4(com-)]TJ T* [(municate)-149.3(well,)-149.3(think)-149.3(about)-149.3(ethics)-149.3(and)-149.3(social)-149.3(responsibility)74(,)-149.3(conceive)]TJ T* [(and)-229(operate)-229(systems)-229(of)-229(great)-229(complexity)-229(within)-229(a)-229(framework)-229(of)-229(sus-)]TJ T* [(tainable)-317.7(development)-317.7(and)-317.7(be)-317.7(prepared)-317.7(to)-317.7(live)-317.7(and)-317.7(work)-317.7(as)-317.7(global)]TJ T* [(citizens)-250(\(p.)-250(1\).)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(The)-409.2(National)-409.2(Leadership)-409.2(Council)-409.2(for)-409.2(Liberal)-409.2(Education)-409.2(and)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(America)55(s)-223.2(Promise)-223.2(\(LEAP;)-223.2(Crutcher)55(,)-223.2(OBrien,)-223.2(Corigan,)-223.2(&)-223.2(Schnei-)]TJ T* [(der)55(,)-348.3(2007\),)-348.3(an)-348.3(initiative)-348.3(sponsored)-348.3(by)-348.3(the)-348.3(American)-348.3(Association)]TJ T* [(of)-324.2(State)-324.2(Colleges)-324.2(and)-324.2(Universities,)-324.2(identied)-324.2(analogous)-324.2(aims)-324.2(and)]TJ T* [(outcomes)-251.7(for)-251.7(all)-251.7(students,)-251.7(regardless)-251.7(of)-251.7(discipline,)-251.7(outcomes)-251.7(neces-)]TJ T* [(sary)-331.5(for)-331.5(survival)-331.5(in)-331.5(a)-331.5(twenty-rst-century)-331.5(workforce.)-331.5(In)-331.5(preparing)]TJ T* [(graduates)-331.8(for)-331.8(the)-331.8(twenty-rst-century)-331.8(workforce,)-331.8(we)-331.8(need)-331.8(to)-331.8(take)]TJ T* [(into)-372.8(consideration)-372.8(the)-372.8(features)-372.8(of)-372.8(that)-372.8(workforce.)-372.8(Kalantizis)-372.8(and)]TJ T* [(Cope)-284.1(\(2002\))-284.1(make)-284.1(the)-284.1(observation)-284.1(that)-284.1(a)-284.1(division)-284.1(of)-284.1(labour)-284.1(into)]TJ T* [(its)-237.4(minutest)-237.4(deskilled)-237.4(components)-237.4(is)-237.4(replaced)-237.4(by)-237.4(multi-skilled)-237.4(all-)]TJ T* [(round)-329.1(workers)-329.1(who)-329.1(are)-329.1(exible)-329.1(enough)-329.1(to)-329.1(be)-329.1(able)-329.1(to)-329.1(do)-329.1(complex)]TJ T* [(and)-328.6(integrated)-328.6(work)-328.6(\(p.20\).)-328.6(New)-328.6(workers)-328.6(will)-328.6(be)-328.6(what)-328.6(they)-328.6(call)]TJ T* [(portfolio)-142.7(workers,)-142.7(whose)-142.7(strength)-142.7(is)-142.7(not)-142.7(in)-142.7(career)-142.7(stability)-142.7(and)-142.7(con-)]TJ T* [(tent)-314.9(knowledge)-314.9(but)-314.9(in)-314.9(range)-314.9(and)-314.9(versatility)74(.)-314.9(The)-314.9(learning)-314.9(culture)]TJ T* [(that)-340(will)-340(foster)-340(a)-340(transformation)-340(to)-340(the)-340(needs)-340(of)-340(the)-340(twenty-rst-)]TJ T* [(century)-200.5(workforce)-200.5(is)-200.5(one)-200.5(in)-200.5(which)-200.5(learning)-200.5(is)-200.5(a)-200.5(matter)-200.5(of)-200.5(repertoire,)]TJ T* [(exibility)74(,)-250(and)-250(multiple)-250(talents.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 139.3674 307.8157 Tm [(Process)-278(Needs)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 285.3001 Tm [(The)-427(fth)-427(area)-427(of)-427(potential)-427(opportunity)-427(identied)-427(by)-427(Drucker)-427(is)]TJ T* [(process)-281.8(needs.)-281.8(In)-281.8(light)-281.8(of)-281.8(the)-281.8(growing)-281.8(concerns)-281.8(that)-281.8(our)-281.8(graduates)]TJ T* [(are)-227.6(emerging)-227.6(from)-227.6(our)-227.6(institutions)-227.6(without)-227.6(appropriate)-227.6(knowledge,)]TJ T* [(skills,)-273.1(and)-273.1(abilities,)-273.1(we)-273.1(must)-273.1(begin)-273.1(to)-273.1(question)-273.1(our)-273.1(traditional)-273.1(pro-)]TJ T* [(cess)-406.7(of)-406.7(educating)-406.7(students.)-406.7(Our)-406.7(current)-406.7(mo)-10(del)-406.7(of)-406.7(undergraduate)]TJ T* [(education)-344.9(has)-344.9(been)-344.9(based)-344.9(on)-344.9(an)-344.9(epistemology)74(,)-344.9(metho)-10(dology)74(,)-344.9(and)]TJ T* [(instructional)-271.2(paradigm)-271.2(focused)-271.2(on)-271.2(the)-271.2(transference)-271.2(of)-271.2(information)]TJ ET endstream endobj 36 0 obj > endobj 37 0 obj > stream xXYoF~?#H=xCnImE?]vDpogZ8_`xM86I8Y?`_War-cB?%?A!?! w6˜fo$aix/ 6->l? v3?g2??X.zq=[G""ehLCQ.X,S?q r% P`N%TXt@I_?8??CqB sgujF?8OY$ )?$g$cKP;v ^>?&,: endstream endobj 38 0 obj > stream hyt?D@1`!30cLM@8f{\e?fG]{L1?%t)!9!qO|9?Y-y[{>xpSC3wavhovp07ãq`Np`/. _~|BFRdq!?5}}}s_L{}^''{SFrJXl)?bb7q7%%a!% yh?;{T{yy~ &N]p>>/?yF}]}/g~]3c{[C{ .g;C {; vdXU~L&a # 8!??a ''Nepy?)kS6za??g=´33gec= uxo{s''?w_z??v..}?O-Yy?9,xYe?]bV^]ujuZi~?7^4}S!e[b m)oQsw]93m=!!wB >!\w?5!3?43Y LrqXq+Sf?5X^Aj?()R K- h{Y9YZtQrp1/9IR?kcî ?$#A g|}z''@4jZNNi??c 43qpx.3F9M?4A4:Jq+;d1/uad]''\%> Ffk4n2 H\`+h E+E1E$WFq#qO];LR#%u^@b? nbW\N;)ga+.#UUm6rSh==%7&VM9p`ePp3)''sKW p1WQY{/}G>6Owi?Yk"(\.u;?wn}g*q{yY?=*R~ dE24{oGm/`:")1`?hil?JBe4pl4G\A;?b?l2P??# o0p+?nxz1(|6|` 9 9H?0LrX ,|Ljfl()svq>]L;ym@@f>L} Svp ZWd^x12`6d`m {V ~''?_? >?|rq?T ^[cKb?*?uD@D4CXpSw}" Q''OG?fG*d!2,h%@=^acOIM?Z_e9Yž\{n&)]''@i/p`=((r ''Rp%Q$?s ~(D_mx;^]wdiU [CB.?"TD?(@i/2[4y$@Jc1%f2AA,7*Yh"d+T;{4''SG,0v }^%+xB>yY[VO#DG1?gy7,X22D,j] j`''`?ZCo`.5wXB?  O{( -6s{*XNy&`c`4M;_sQ?{ k "¯\?gD:? C.]?#Zm e?Y''`W??7@  dU"fM)/Pr WkZ7iG?{)PX^Dg_j ?`5 1kyvgp 17 H>lRTYC:NSnx&!`,A''w=QRrgp:7k d$:?ZW$?p=#PVakTLKl?q &a0 ?("f -H-` \ 0^#Q)J2}Qco3GAaOz VNdmL=}?mtA/R?tiyz3vJ? 5s QqUH.${?xeYD?UKfa ~Xp)8@wZ&@|*Q+) {~x4 ` 8N0 kNOH>eZ+: 8"N9BKc}«^TT?Rr2JNI_Ve?R,9.SVM%4m zmaV0*"''NAR1RV#=U^ J%? ? huUa!qt?nJ8uS\0RO>z'' ?e{-.no?JDg''(-MnTú?$%r],DaAqfs''F_FJn8?Mq$rj! %KOQMfC??_~v4{~6:h)Wj m87 GcIc''W */W$G~7i>zt//"~]}aQ|^:j'' JJj?(b:2INk1vr+Q5 bq>,phKm`8p7 $gOoWu MF?= 5;~qmUT9O!FrNqvrK?b x}?`"T5_$?$_Wf&3jT2vY|)-gK-H!CV/^\+s/??d?A?6pi7/%D=?|qfjzYb?X?Dj RDX]k$!??E 48qY%JJFT0+_0M:a}''??K XH?(* CT*%JZ?{ (+znoSAV$!??bu9C[JgY lb 9Oev0q,/y|Cg;pÿ#8MYqy)A's4vj,2.*?wD>dW''cDE*B#RD-f[.?Gx0pN¸;8??8 #&^MEZpeu\dx k?l? ruM9&l:,*UkL50]_8RC6b(Nrt Mxp{Bv i??xx&>JE`jed gA8tiS?Mz2L2?-A3??hcXf\N4 [(9(( *@2%&0! @~cU5jc( CY1 x;]?;|\UqS\ A(*XVøWbu KXxm )ft?K?d*e{L]U>{T1;Wm J{U|?9h1''LFJ.m[y/V*, i?TqpNHHpd?IxE Y?]U 3?B?MB {`sj|?''[tUi$?k??zfEO ]WnOik Oadn.;*x-]Gi?DH{ MC G?{tl6''l)0TXSVD???C?+wpK(8j |?8nRJ?wwQÁE?y,a2k=w''ÜTD1*YOh?Qq]kb\o%6?L&s}`mPN?>m~vp.].X*:b.Ge8j]?E+>` e?;P|w4>An #F&:bs45zh&,CCS??HM4)LJAE|zM jYE?hS7????Rfk.*hkl=mm*~ s& 2\?\jwd(C%PUWsEI?-Q? ~AHI"EIx~Dz?@TB?+JTQx?2 f#Q4 nPo`1Br?Ti? j''9fr?~1)i!G1FW@ex~V+#5xW][?I_:V?z)#p7, Q4R",od$?]2?=\l:>FYm se|zK?7g¬?Y"weUx_Q ,?b H)E[6SW}rEE]G):>K~Mv`Lb ri" [,aöo9@\^&Kh.?2?0L%ULdn$"c!:B[rU?j$=? x\3|7?>UUUUe>>> /_nfM$wh OqMf?n WdcNuJb&ws?W?wZy}s@y+G4W`6yRQaW]B? (! =f=%qH&R6*J9(QR&wR?Xq0[>.#~$c|?xZ''65\=VKznTgmv-v]zmR+Ma?J[?(_v(,S?GQ@j/+l`[?^l 0~]cc''0?7aAu?;z M:x4 ?5\/tpsp4?=fy/f_I?KsoWdA#?W?3hJ0_eEc5>?;Vk u4z7x5 LxblD''jLNK c[[m[YYYi?yh^m-''OlojI >^ OK ?Z{U~ccda AfrNw?cPGLlAzS@Bz?sefFN\QeV-??²0>+}.nkFT?*V /EObuY>:KgA%,?>|ZK}?Uble6E` [|''W?h?hZOAJ B3qr[\?0 _ Nl?_[F5xI;Ævg[6c}?~-|:&  ?=?x{Wi+?"[=:?n?}t*IEr^''#u_x! .Pvcz S/t}?v|9?dALj61^%IFOHBD(r1ck_t\cA?W7k|?)?R@)?np1>WgA4M /ZJJSLd"Q)Y/w?":4Zt8s?P?^N]L]c_oxKrMr4Avt89''  {[eRxKKu:"''2 -vx~JF$p,8iFRRrAQUI2&>P;+"Q(E5? Z fas. ?1f?q[NHRQfn  6v@1>?[MQ?2 ~qQ+T^p|3[.0Fn6LhI3rXx;??,{? +$*a5ww ?!otF?j"Am8}}>46__Y+''kQ,?VO-$$dGur''[?,mE/4I4LC77{;AZmO~=,h=,;B#B+Bd-BVp+v´5Xu6gPzV!U$&?eoS^l} [>5/? TJ+gbq4n4nak-FhH? ?LsDgQV7''3?-VN$''1?s?N2O9.^B?-Don4f3mC0$$?{kuvl''[N1/gTc%xz,VR H8U`IH0a]#Ljax| #:.uF''(4R#[aBHKI ui#JUjeLH4rU@I]s$;[ I5ni''0=?0xJb*YQQqWP0AJ%7Kb:VwMLrY$YXz > endobj 40 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 41 0 obj > endobj 42 0 obj > endobj 43 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (4)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 154.3113 688.7932 Tm [(After)-229.2(much)-229.2(thought,)-229.2(discussion,)-229.2(and)-229.2(coffee,)-229.2(we)-229.2(realized)-229.2(that)-229.2(we)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(were)-207.8(thinking)-207.8(about)-207.8(this)-207.8(question)-207.8(from)-207.8(a)-207.8(habitual)-207.8(way)-207.8(of)-207.8(seeing)-207.8(the)]TJ T* [(issues,)-174.3(in)-174.3(part)-174.2(because)-174.3(we)-174.2(too)-174.2(have)-174.3(read)-174.2(so)-174.2(often)-174.3(about)-174.3(these)-174.2(issues)-174.3(as)]TJ /F5 1 Tf T* (problems)Tj /F1 1 Tf 3.331 0 TD [(.)-162.3(Instead)-162.3(of)-162.3(viewing)-162.3(these)-162.3(issues)-162.3(as)-162.3(negatives,)-162.3(the)-162.3(high)-162.3(winds)]TJ -3.331 -1.3636 TD [(and)-202(hard)-202(rains)-202(of)-202(the)-202(perfect)-202(storm)-202(intent)-202(upon)-202(sinking)-202(our)-202(ship,)-202(we)]TJ T* [(reminded)-266.9(ourselves)-266.9(that)-266.9(storms)-266.9(are)-266.9(not)-266.9(solely)-266.9(forces)-266.9(of)-266.9(destruction)]TJ T* [(but)-306.8(natural)-306.8(events)-306.8(that)-306.8(generate)-306.8(great)-306.7(power)55(,)-306.8(that)-306.8(usher)-306.8(in)-306.8(a)-306.8(new)]TJ T* [(weather)-211.3(system,)-211.3(that)-211.3(clear)-211.3(debris)-211.3(and)-211.3(refresh)-211.3(our)-211.3(environment.)-211.3(Our)]TJ T* [(goal)-186.3(is)-186.3(to)-186.3(demonstrate)-186.3(how)-186.3(the)-186.3(forces)-186.3(that)-186.3(we)-186.3(read)-186.3(about)-186.3(and)-186.3(discuss)]TJ T* [(on)-202.4(a)-202.4(daily)-202.4(basis)-202.4(are,)-202.4(in)-202.4(fact,)-202.4(power)-202.4(to)-202.4(be)-202.4(harnessed,)-202.4(opportunities)-202.4(for)]TJ T* [(change.)-190.4(In)-190.4(Clark)-190.4(Kerr)55(s)-190.4(1994)-190.4(analysis)-190.4(of)-190.4(the)-190.4(history)-190.4(of)-190.4(higher)-190.4(educa-)]TJ T* [(tion,)-225.8(a)-225.7(history)-225.7(that)-225.8(he)-225.7(says)-225.8(gets)-225.7(more)-225.8(glorious)-225.8(upon)-225.7(reection)-225.7(while)]TJ T* [(fear)-314.2(of)-314.2(the)-314.2(future)-314.2(gets)-314.2(more)-314.2(dreadful,)-314.2(he)-314.2(poses)-314.2(the)-314.2(question,)-314.2(Why)]TJ T* [(are)-273.1(we)-273.1(always)-273.1(so)-273.1(happy)-273.1(looking)-273.1(backward)-273.1(and)-273.1(so)-273.1(unhappy)-273.1(looking)]TJ T* [(forward?)-209(W)55(e)-209(will)-209(undertake)-209(the)-209(challenge)-209(of)-209(looking)-209(forward,)-209(if)-209(not)]TJ T* [(with)-250(complete)-250(happiness,)-250(at)-250(least)-250(with)-250(cautious)-250(optimism.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(If)-303.3(we)-303.3(analyze)-303.3(the)-303.3(evolution)-303.3(of)-303.3(higher)-303.3(education)-303.3(in)-303.3(the)-303.3(United)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(States)-262.2(we)-262.2(will)-262.2(see)-262.2(strategic)-262.2(junctions)-262.2(and)-262.2(times)-262.2(of)-262.2(signicant)-262.2(chal-)]TJ T* [(lenges.)-487.5(In)-487.5(each)-487.5(era,)-487.5(academic)-487.5(institutions)-487.5(responded)-487.5(and)-487.5(took)]TJ T* [(action,)-226.3(and)-226.3(higher)-226.3(education,)-226.3(subsequently)74(,)-226.3(was)-226.3(strengthened.)-226.3(The)]TJ T* [(calls)-253.5(to)-10(day)-253.5(to)-253.5(reevaluate)-253.5(higher)-253.5(education)-253.5(are)-253.5(consistent)-253.5(with)-253.5(that)]TJ T* [(pattern.)-235.8(W)55(e)-235.8(are)-235.8(at)-235.8(a)-235.8(strategic)-235.7(junction)-235.8(in)-235.8(which)-235.8(many)-235.7(internal)-235.7(and)]TJ T* [(external)-260.7(variables)-260.7(are)-260.7(leading)-260.7(to)-260.7(questions)-260.7(and)-260.7(concerns)-260.7(about)-260.7(the)]TJ T* [(relevancy)-213.3(of)-213.3(higher)-213.3(education,)-213.3(its)-213.3(current)-213.3(status,)-213.3(and)-213.3(its)-213.3(path)-213.3(to)-213.3(the)]TJ T* (future.)Tj 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(As)-557.1(a)-557.1(result,)-557.1(many)-557.1(universities,)-557.1(organizations,)-557.1(accreditation)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(bo)-10(dies,)-179.4(governments,)-179.4(and)-179.4(researchers)-179.4(are)-179.4(engaged)-179.4(in)-179.4(efforts)-179.4(to)-179.4(inno-)]TJ T* [(vate.)-204.8(Their)-204.8(goal)-204.8(is)-204.8(to)-204.8(nd)-204.8(ways)-204.8(to)-204.8(assure)-204.8(that,)-204.8(despite)-204.8(the)-204.8(signicant)]TJ T* [(challenges)-291.3(higher)-291.3(education)-291.3(faces,)-291.3(it)-291.2(will)-291.3(continue)-291.3(to)-291.3(be)-291.3(relevant,)]TJ T* [(a)-355.5(key)-355.5(contributor)-355.5(to)-355.5(advancing)-355.5(knowledge)-355.5(and)-355.5(educating)-355.5(people)]TJ T* [(for)-336.4(pro)-10(ductive)-336.4(and)-336.4(successful)-336.4(lives.)-336.4(This)-336.4(role)-336.4(of)-336.4(higher)-336.4(education)]TJ T* [(is)-420.3(necessary)-420.3(for)-420.3(sustaining)-420.3(a)-420.3(prosperous)-420.3(civic)-420.2(society)74(.)-420.2(The)-420.2(study)]TJ T* [(of)-371.6(the)-371.6(current)-371.6(challenges)-371.6(will)-371.6(be)-371.6(beneted)-371.6(greatly)-371.6(by)-371.6(examining)]TJ T* [(colleges)-533.5(and)-533.5(universities)-533.5(as)-533.5(open)-533.5(systems,)-533.5(dynamic)-533.5(organisms,)]TJ ET endstream endobj 44 0 obj > endobj 45 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 46 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2000.2(11)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(tension)-205.9(between)-205.9(managerial)-205.9(culture)-205.9(and)-205.9(faculty-shared)-205.9(governance)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(is)-247.9(becoming)-247.9(greater)55(,)-247.9(contributing)-247.9(to)-247.9(a)-247.9(reshaping)-247.9(and)-247.9(redistribution)]TJ T* [(of)-250(academic)-250(work.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Gappa,)-261.2(Austin,)-261.2(and)-261.2(T)111(rice)-261.2(\(2007\))-261.2(examined)-261.2(what)-261.2(they)-261.2(describe)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(as)-512.1(the)-512.1(changing)-512.1(context)-512.1(for)-512.1(faculty)-512.1(work)-512.1(and)-512.1(noted)-512.1(that)-512.1(the)]TJ T* [(rise)-480.9(of)-480.9(temporary)74(,)-480.9(short-term,)-480.9(and)-480.9(part-time)-480.9(faculty)-480.9(constitutes)]TJ T* [(one)-470.3(of)-470.3(the)-470.3(most)-470.3(signicant)-470.3(responses)-470.3(by)-470.3(universities)-470.3(and)-470.2(col-)]TJ T* [(leges)-495.7(to)-495.7(the)-495.7(challenges)-495.7(posed)-495.7(by)-495.7(scal)-495.7(constraints)-495.7(and)-495.7(by)-495.7(the)]TJ T* [(need)-331.3(to)-331.3(stay)-331.3(competitive)-331.3(in)-331.3(a)-331.3(rapidly)-331.2(changing)-331.3(environment)-331.3(\(p.)]TJ T* [(15\).)-306.4(They)-306.4(conclude)-306.4(that)-306.4(the)-306.4(institutional)-306.4(goal)-306.4(of)-306.4(gaining)-306.4(exibil-)]TJ T* [(ity)-365.3(and)-365.3(cost)-365.3(efciency)-365.3(through)-365.3(the)-365.3(shifts)-365.2(in)-365.3(faculty)-365.2(appointment)]TJ T* [(types)-203.2(has)-203.2(created)-203.2(an)-203.2(inequitable)-203.2(two-tiered)-203.2(system)-203.2(that)-203.2(undermines)]TJ T* [(the)-331.5(sense)-331.5(of)-331.5(commitment)-331.5(that)-331.5(faculty)-331.5(bring)-331.5(to)-331.5(their)-331.5(work.)-331.5(These)]TJ T* [(nontenure-track)-334.6(faculty)-334.6(members)-334.6(have)-334.6(little)-334.6(or)-334.6(no)-334.6(role)-334.6(in)-334.6(shared)]TJ T* [(governance)-439.4(and)-439.4(more)-439.4(often)-439.4(than)-439.4(not)-439.4(are)-439.4(dividing)-439.4(their)-439.4(energy)]TJ T* [(teaching)-411(at)-411(multiple)-411(institutions.)-411(In)-411(sum,)-411(the)-411(dramatic)-411(increase)]TJ T* [(in)-327.8(administrative)-327.8(staff)-327.8(and)-327.8(nontenured)-327.8(faculty)-327.8(represents)-327.8(a)-327.8(major)]TJ T* [(shift)-229(in)-229(university)-229(personnel)-229(that)-229(directly)-229(affects)-229(the)-229(core)-229(service)-229(of)]TJ T* [(the)-250(university)74(,)-250(academics.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 382.5356 Tm [(Industry)-278(and)-278(Market)-278(Changes)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 360.02 Tm [(The)-334.5(fourth)-334.5(area)-334.5(of)-334.5(potential)-334.5(opportunity)-334.5(identied)-334.5(by)-334.5(Drucker)-334.5(is)]TJ T* [(industry)-242.6(and)-242.6(market)-242.6(changes.)-242.6(If)-242.6(it)-242.6(were)-242.6(not)-242.6(enough)-242.6(for)-242.6(institutions)]TJ T* [(to)-160.4(respond)-160.4(to)-160.4(the)-160.4(changing)-160.4(audience,)-160.4(the)-160.4(subjects)-160.4(that)-160.4(are)-160.4(taught)-160.4(are)]TJ T* [(also)-261.5(rapidly)-261.5(changing.)-261.5(The)-261.5(lines)-261.5(between)-261.5(disciplines)-261.5(are)-261.5(becoming)]TJ T* [(increasingly)-322.4(blurred,)-322.4(and)-322.4(the)-322.4(rate)-322.4(of)-322.4(increase)-322.4(of)-322.4(knowledge,)-322.4(espe-)]TJ T* [(cially)-245.7(in)-245.7(the)-245.7(areas)-245.7(of)-245.7(science)-245.7(and)-245.7(technology)74(,)-245.7(i)0(s)-245.7(i)0(n)-245.7(a)-245.7(perpetual)-245.7(state)]TJ T* [(of)-250(acceleration.)-250(Added)-250(to)-250(that)-250(are)-250(global)-250(inuences)-250(in)-250(all)-250(areas.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Business)-442.2(and)-442.2(industry)-442.2(have)-442.2(been)-442.2(vocal)-442.2(about)-442.2(the)-442.2(quality)-442.2(of)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(graduates)-317.4(entering)-317.4(the)-317.4(workforce.)-317.4(A)-317.3(2006)-317.4(publication)-317.4(titled)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 24.8392 0 TD (Edu-)Tj -24.8392 -1.3636 TD [(cating)-347.2(Engineers)-347.2(for)-347.2(the)-347.2(21st)-347.2(Century:)-347.2(The)-347.2(Industry)-347.2(V)18(iew)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 22.881 0 TD [(called)-347.2(for)]TJ -22.881 -1.3636 TD [(engineers)-186.1(to)-186.1(have)-186.1(a)-186.1(sound)-186.1(knowledge)-186.1(of)-186.1(the)-186.1(engineering)-186.1(fundamen-)]TJ T* [(tals)-284.1(within)-284.1(their)-284.1(discipline)-284.1(as)-284.1(well)-284.1(as)-284.1(social)-284.1(and)-284.1(interpersonal)-284.1(skill)]TJ ET endstream endobj 47 0 obj > endobj 48 0 obj > endobj 49 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (18)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 163.4072 688.7932 Tm [(professionals)-250(within)-250(higher)-250(education,)-250(changing)-250(work)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(and)-250(study)-250(patterns)-250(of)-250(students,)-250(and)-250(growing)-250(numbers)-250(of)]TJ T* [(nontraditional)-250(students)]TJ /F7 1 Tf -.5573 -1.7091 TD ()Tj /F2 1 Tf .5573 -.3273 TD [(Industry)-278(and)-278(market)-278(changes)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 12.417 0 TD [(that)-250(are)-250(leading)-250(those)]TJ -12.417 -1.3636 TD [(who)-250(employ)-250(our)-250(graduates)-250(to)-250(call)-250(for)-250(better)37(-skilled)]TJ T* [(workers,)-250(which)-250(requires)-250(changes)-250(in)-250(what)-250(gets)-250(taught)]TJ /F7 1 Tf -.5573 -1.7091 TD ()Tj /F2 1 Tf .5573 -.3273 TD [(Process)-278(needs)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.027 0 TD [(that)-250(make)-250(information)-250(transfer)-250(a)-250(less)]TJ -6.027 -1.3636 TD [(appropriate)-250(goal)-250(of)-250(higher)-250(education)-250(than)-250(teaching)]TJ T* [(students)-250(how)-250(to)-250(be)-250(lifelong)-250(learners)]TJ ET endstream endobj 50 0 obj > endobj 51 0 obj > endobj 52 0 obj > endobj 53 0 obj > endobj 54 0 obj > endobj 55 0 obj > endobj 56 0 obj > endobj 57 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (10)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(attending)-198.3(college)-198.3(in)-198.3(greater)-198.3(numbers,)-198.3(and)-198.3(by)-198.3(the)-198.3(1970s)-198.3(women)-198.3(out-)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(numbered)-222.9(men)-222.9(\(Lucas,)-222.9(1994,)-222.9(p.)-222.9(xvi\).)-222.9(Huber)-222.9(and)-222.9(Hutchings)-222.9(\(2005\))]TJ T* [(reported)-298(that)-298(the)-298(prole)-298(of)-298(the)-298(eighteen-year)37(-old)-298(entering)-298(college)]TJ T* [(supported)-312.2(by)-312.2(parents)-312.2(and)-312.2(working)-312.2(only)-312.2(part)-312.2(time)-312.2(has)-312.2(become)-312.2(the)]TJ T* [(exception)-298.2(rather)-298.2(than)-298.2(the)-298.2(norm.)-298.2(Close)-298.2(to)-298.2(half)-298.2(of)-298.2(the)-298.2(undergradu-)]TJ T* [(ates)-251.1(in)-251.1(the)-251.1(United)-251.1(States)-251.1(are)-251.1(more)-251.1(than)-251.1(twenty-four)-251.1(years)-251.1(old,)-251.1(and)]TJ T* [(more)-183.6(than)-183.6(one)-183.6(quarter)-183.6(are)-183.6(working)-183.6(adults)-183.6(over)-183.6(thirty)74(.)-183.6(The)-183.6(part-time)]TJ T* [(student)-321.3(is)-321.3(quickly)-321.3(becoming)-321.3(the)-321.3(norm.)-321.3(Additionally)74(,)-321.3(undergradu-)]TJ T* [(ates)-325.3(who)-325.3(are)-325.3(married)-325.3(and/or)-325.3(have)-325.3(children)-325.3(have)-325.3(become)-325.3(routine.)]TJ T* [(Nearly)-189.3(60)-189.3(percent)-189.3(are)-189.3(pursuing)-189.3(occupational)-189.3(degrees)-189.3(or)-189.3(professional)]TJ T* [(studies)-250(\(Lucas,)-250(1994,)-250(p.)-250(xvi\).)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(The)-376.1(nature)-376.1(of)-376.1(the)-376.1(traditional-aged)-376.1(student)-376.1(has)-376.1(also)-376.1(changed.)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(Often)-324.4(called)-324.4(the)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 7.0832 0 TD (millennials,)Tj /F1 1 Tf 4.6554 0 TD [(these)-324.4(highly)-324.4(social)-324.4(students,)-324.4(techno-)]TJ -11.7386 -1.3636 TD [(logically)-203.9(savvy)-203.9(and)-203.9(intolerant)-203.9(of)-203.9(delays,)-203.9(create)-203.9(new)-203.9(demands)-203.9(on)-203.9(the)]TJ T* [(system)-247(from)-247(housing)-247(to)-247(admission)-247(to)-247(marketing)-247(to)-247(pedagogy)74(.)-247(Their)]TJ T* [(highly)-190.1(social)-190.1(nature)-190.1(leads)-190.1(them)-190.1(to)-190.1(prefer)-190.1(teamwork)-190.1(and)-190.1(group)-190.1(activ-)]TJ T* [(ity)-144.8(and)-144.7(to)-144.8(keep)-144.8(constant)-144.8(contact)-144.8(with)-144.8(their)-144.8(social)-144.8(network.)-144.8(And)-144.8(with)]TJ T* [(the)-278.1(growing)-278.1(calls)-278.1(for)-278.1(accessibility)74(,)-278.1(more)-278.1(and)-278.1(more)-278.1(students)-278.1(are)-278.1(the)]TJ T* [(rst)-276.2(of)-276.2(their)-276.2(family)-276.2(to)-276.2(attend)-276.2(college.)-276.2(No)-276.2(longer)-276.2(is)-276.2(a)-276.2(homogeneous)]TJ T* [(student)-201.4(population)-201.4(the)-201.4(norm)-201.4(or)-201.4(the)-201.4(goal.)-201.4(This)-201.4(changing)-201.4(population)]TJ T* [(of)-198.3(students)-198.3(adds)-198.3(another)-198.3(new)-198.3(demand)-198.3(on)-198.3(institutions)-198.2(while)-198.3(offering)]TJ T* [(an)-250(opportunity)-250(to)-250(support)-250(innovation.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(In)-169.7(addition)-169.7(to)-169.7(the)-169.7(changing)-169.7(demographics)-169.7(of)-169.7(students)-169.7(is)-169.7(a)-169.7(shift)-169.7(in)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(demographics)-195.5(of)-195.5(faculty)-195.5(and)-195.5(staff.)-195.5(Between)-195.5(1976)-195.5(and)-195.5(2005)-195.5(full-time)]TJ T* [(nonfaculty)-296.6(professional)-296.6(staff)-296.6(grew)-296.6(at)-296.6(a)-296.6(rate)-296.6(of)-296.6(281)-296.6(percent.)-296.6(At)-296.6(the)]TJ T* [(same)-198.8(time)-198.8(the)-198.8(rate)-198.8(of)-198.8(administrative)-198.8(staff)-198.8(doubled)-198.8(\(American)-198.8(Asso-)]TJ T* [(ciation)-200.8(of)-200.8(University)-200.8(Professors,)-200.8(2008\).)-200.8(The)-200.8(growth)-200.8(rate)-200.8(of)-200.8(full-)-200.8(and)]TJ T* [(part-time)-235.9(nontenure-track)-235.9(faculty)-235.9(was)-235.9(200)-235.9(percent.)-235.9(The)-235.9(American)]TJ T* [(Association)-244.4(of)-244.4(University)-244.4(Professors)-244.4(\(2008\))-244.4(reports)-244.4(that)-244.4(the)-244.4(more)]TJ T* [(than)-273.1(200)-273.1(percent)-273.1(increase)-273.1(in)-273.1(the)-273.1(number)-273.1(of)-273.1(contingent)-273.1(faculty)-273.1(on)]TJ T* [(the)-369.7(payrolls)-369.7(represents)-369.7(a)-369.7(deprofessionalization)-369.7(of)-369.7(the)-369.7(faculty)-369.7(role)]TJ T* [(in)-346.8(higher)-346.8(education)-346.8(\(p.)-346.8(14\).)-346.8(Similarly)74(,)-346.8(Schuster)-346.8(and)-346.8(Finkelstein)]TJ T* [(\(2006\))-154.5(write)-154.5(about)-154.5(the)-154.5(restructuring)-154.5(of)-154.5(the)-154.5(American)-154.5(faculty)74(,)-154.5(noting)]TJ T* [(that)-183.8(no)-183.8(one)-183.8(is)-183.8(content)-183.8(with)-183.8(the)-183.8(way)-183.8(campuses)-183.8(are)-183.8(governed,)-183.8(and)-183.8(the)]TJ ET endstream endobj 58 0 obj > endobj 59 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 60 0 obj > endobj 61 0 obj > endobj 62 0 obj > endobj 63 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2000.2(17)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 158.675 688.7932 Tm [(The)-264.6(anticipation)-264.6(and)-264.6(excitement)-264.6(of)-264.6(birth)-264.6(is)-264.6(also)-264.6(a)-264.6(key)-264.6(element)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(of)-189.9(the)-189.9(human)-189.9(condition.)-189.9(The)-189.9(use)-189.9(of)-189.9(the)-189.9(birth)-189.9(metaphor)-189.9(for)-189.9(ushering)]TJ T* [(in)-222.9(this)-222.9(new)-222.9(paradigm)-222.9(is)-222.9(apt)-222.9(not)-222.9(only)-222.9(because)-222.9(of)-222.9(the)-222.9(idea)-222.9(of)-222.9(bringing)]TJ T* [(forth)-268.4(something)-268.4(new)-268.4(that)-268.4(is)-268.4(not)-268.4(completely)-268.4(developed,)-268.4(something)]TJ T* [(that)-296.3(holds)-296.3(promise)-296.3(but)-296.3(is)-296.3(still)-296.3(in)-296.3(the)-296.3(progress)-296.3(of)-296.3(development,)-296.3(but)]TJ T* [(also)-212.2(because)-212.2(one)-212.2(of)-212.2(the)-212.2(prevailing)-212.2(metaphors)-212.2(used)-212.2(in)-212.2(describing)-212.2(the)]TJ T* [(role)-346.8(of)-346.8(teachers)-346.8(and)-346.8(leaders)-346.8(in)-346.8(the)-346.8(new)-346.8(paradigm)-346.8(is)-346.8(the)-346.8(midwife,)]TJ T* [(one)-399.3(who)-399.3(attends,)-399.3(coaches,)-399.3(supports.)-399.3(The)-399.3(birth)-399.3(metaphor)-399.3(is)-399.3(also)]TJ T* [(appropriate)-362.8(because)-362.8(birth)-362.8(is)-362.8(a)-362.8(transformative)-362.8(experience)-362.8(for)-362.8(new)]TJ T* [(parents,)-286.4(and)-286.4(new)-286.4(parents)-286.4(reevaluate)-286.4(their)-286.4(priorities,)-286.4(become)-286.4(more)]TJ T* [(intentional)-386(about)-386(their)-386(choices,)-386(and)-386(examine)-386(their)-386(fundamental)]TJ T* [(beliefs.)-460.7(The)-460.7(birth)-460.7(metaphor)-460.7(lends)-460.7(a)-460.7(sense)-460.7(of)-460.7(continuation)-460.7(and)]TJ T* [(evolution)-328.1(from)-328.1(the)-328.1(old)-328.1(to)-328.1(the)-328.1(new)74(.)-328.1(Leaders)-328.1(will)-328.1(be)-328.1(challenged)-328.1(to)]TJ T* [(allay)-266.9(the)-266.9(fears)-266.9(of)-266.9(those)-266.9(who)-266.9(will)-266.9(cling)-266.9(to)-266.9(the)-266.9(old)-266.9(paradigm,)-266.9(though)]TJ T* [(it)-357.7(must)-357.7(die)-357.7(if)-357.7(we)-357.7(are)-357.7(to)-357.7(move)-357.7(forward.)-357.7(At)-357.7(the)-357.7(same)-357.7(time)-357.7(leaders)]TJ T* [(will)-454.6(be)-454.6(challenged)-454.6(to)-454.6(inspire,)-454.6(to)-454.6(foster)-454.6(hope,)-454.6(anticipation,)-454.6(and)]TJ T* [(excitement)-250(over)-250(the)-250(prospect)-250(of)-250(the)-250(birth)-250(of)-250(the)-250(new)-250(paradigm.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 412.2242 Tm [(Chapter)-278(Summary)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 389.7086 Tm [(The)-254.4(conuence)-254.4(of)-254.4(challenges)-254.4(that)-254.4(are)-254.4(currently)-254.4(facing)-254.4(higher)-254.4(edu-)]TJ T* [(cation)-250(makes)-250(this)-250(a)-250(perfect)-250(time)-250(to)-250(lead)-250(comprehensive)-250(change.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(The)-282.7(challenges)-282.7(that)-282.7(create)-282.7(opportunity)-282.7(for)-282.7(innovation)-282.7(include)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(the)-250(following:)]TJ /F7 1 Tf 1.6364 -2.4 TD ()Tj /F2 1 Tf .5573 -.3273 TD [(New)-278(knowledge)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.721 0 TD [(,)-250(both)-250(in)-250(terms)-250(of)-250(what)-250(we)-250(teach)-250(and)]TJ -6.721 -1.3636 TD [(how)-250(we)-250(teach)]TJ /F7 1 Tf -.5573 -1.7091 TD ()Tj /F2 1 Tf .5573 -.3273 TD [(Changes)-278(in)-278(perception)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.583 0 TD [(that)-250(are)-250(leading)-250(those)-250(within)]TJ -9.583 -1.3636 TD [(institutions)-250(of)-250(higher)-250(education)-250(as)-250(well)-250(as)-250(those)-250(outside)]TJ T* [(to)-250(question)-250(whether)-250(we)-250(are)-250(effectively)-250(functioning,)]TJ T* [(especially)-250(in)-250(regard)-250(to)-250(student)-250(learning)]TJ /F7 1 Tf -.5573 -1.7091 TD ()Tj /F2 1 Tf .5573 -.3273 TD [(Demographic)-278(changes,)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 9.638 0 TD [(including)-250(a)-250(new)-250(generation)-250(of)]TJ -9.638 -1.3636 TD [(students,)-250(a)-250(new)-250(generation)-250(of)-250(faculty)74(,)-250(new)-250(nonacademic)]TJ ET endstream endobj 64 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> endobj 65 0 obj > endobj 66 0 obj > endobj 67 0 obj > endobj 68 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 304.8897 719.4661 Tm [(Rethinking)-250(Our)-250(Current)-250(Challenges)-2500.2(9)]TJ 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 688.7932 Tm [(the)-152.6(failure)-152.6(of)-152.6(universities)-152.6(to)-152.6(prepare)-152.6(citizens)-152.6(and)-152.6(the)-152.6(need)-152.6(to)-152.6(improve)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(teacher)-250(quality)-250(because)-250(not)-250(enough)-250(attention)-250(is)-250(paid)-250(to)-250(pedagogy)74(.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(This)-311.2(is)-311.2(not)-311.2(the)-311.2(rst)-311.2(time,)-311.2(of)-311.2(course,)-311.2(that)-311.2(higher)-311.2(education)-311.2(has)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(been)-393.7(deemed)-393.7(as)-393.7(disaster)55(.)-393.7(Lucas)-393.7(\(1994\))-393.7(identied)-393.7(three)-393.7(common)]TJ T* [(themes)-379.5(among)-379.5(commentators)-379.5(from)-379.5(1965)-379.5(through)-379.5(the)-379.5(1990s:)-379.5(\(1\))]TJ T* [(professionalization)-278.9(of)-278.9(scholarship)-278.9(in)-278.9(higher)-278.9(education)-278.9(was)-278.9(a)-278.9(factor)]TJ T* [(contributing)-185.2(to)-185.2(fragmentation;)-185.2(\(2\))-185.2(the)-185.2(tendency)-185.2(to)-185.2(view)-185.2(knowledge)]TJ T* [(as)-308.6(a)-308.6(commo)-10(dity)-308.6(contributed)-308.6(to)-308.6(the)-308.6(confusion)-308.6(of)-308.6(what)-308.6(constituted)]TJ T* [(a)-237.3(relevant)-237.3(liberal)-237.3(education;)-237.3(and)-237.3(\(3\))-237.3(the)-237.3(structure)-237.3(of)-237.3(the)-237.3(university)]TJ T* [(itself)-321.7(was)-321.7(a)-321.7(root)-321.7(cause)-321.7(of)-321.7(the)-321.7(decline.)-321.7(Such)-321.7(allegations)-321.7(had)-321.7(been)]TJ T* [(heard)-155.2(before,)-155.2(of)-155.2(course,)-155.2(said)-155.2(Lucas.)-155.2(But)-155.2(they)-155.2(were)-155.2(given)-155.2(new)-155.2(clarity)]TJ T* [(and)-245.5(force)-245.5(in)-245.5(analyses)-245.5(of)-245.5(the)-245.5(apparent)-245.5(decline)-245.5(of)-245.5(liberal)-245.5(educational)]TJ T* [(values)-167.6(\(p.)-167.6(268\).)-167.6(The)-167.6(many)-167.6(critiques)-167.6(of)-167.6(the)-167.6(state)-167.6(of)-167.6(higher)-167.6(education)]TJ T* [(have)-334.9(claried)-334.9(the)-334.9(issues)-334.9(creating)-334.9(external)-334.9(pressure)-334.9(for)-334.9(changes)-334.9(in)]TJ T* [(higher)-250(education.)]TJ /F2 1 Tf 12.9514 0 0 12.9514 143.731 442.3114 Tm [(Demographic)-278(Changes)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 143.731 419.7958 Tm [(The)-390(third)-390(area)-390(of)-390(potential)-390(opportunity)-390(identied)-390(by)-390(Drucker)-390(is)]TJ T* [(demographic)-376.5(changes.)-376.5(Signicant)-376.5(social,)-376.5(economic,)-376.5(and)-376.5(techno-)]TJ T* [(logical)-477.9(changes)-477.9(are)-477.9(challenging)-477.9(universities)-477.9(to)-477.9(reconsider)-477.9(their)]TJ T* [(business.)-149.7(The)-149.7(prole)-149.7(of)-149.7(the)-149.7(undergraduate)-149.7(has)-149.7(changed)-149.7(dramatically)74(.)]TJ T* [(Prior)-269.7(to)-269.7(W)55(orld)-269.7(W)55(a)0(r)-269.7(II,)-269.7(universities)-269.7(educated)-269.7(a)-269.7(fairly)-269.7(homogeneous)]TJ T* [(population:)-386.7(60)-386.7(percent)-386.7(male,)-386.7(97)-386.7(percent)-386.7(Caucasian,)-386.7(middle)-386.7(and)]TJ T* [(upper)-343.9(class)-343.9(backgrounds,)-343.9(upper)-343.9(third)-343.9(or)-343.9(upper)-343.9(quarter)-343.9(ranking)-343.9(in)]TJ T* [(high)-344.9(school)-344.9(\(Lucas,)-344.9(1994,)-344.9(p.)-344.9(xiv\).)-344.9(The)-344.9(shift)-344.9(in)-344.9(this)-344.9(demographic)]TJ T* [(began)-528.6(with)-528.6(the)-528.6(GI)-528.3(Bill)-528.6(of)-528.6(1944.)-528.6(Lucas)-528.6(writes,)-528.6(The)-528.6(Service-)]TJ T* [(man)55(s)-362(Readjustment)-362(Act)-362(of)-362(1944popularly)-362(dubbed)-362(the)-362(GI)-361.9(Bill)]TJ T* [(of)-275.4(Rightsmore)-275.4(than)-275.4(any)-275.4(other)-275.4(single)-275.4(initiative,)-275.4(brought)-275.4(massive)]TJ T* [(changes)-202.8(to)-202.8(higher)-202.8(education)-202.7(in)-202.7(the)-202.8(postwar)-202.8(era)-202.8(\(p.)-202.8(xv\).)-202.8(This)-202.8(inux)]TJ T* [(of)-211.3(nontraditional)-211.3(students,)-211.3(approximately)-211.3(60,000)-211.3(men)-211.3(and)-211.3(women,)]TJ T* [(altered)-250(the)-250(meaning)-250(of)-250(a)-250(college)-250(education)-250(\(p.)-250(xiv\).)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(These)-172.8(demographic)-172.8(changes)-172.8(continued)-172.8(throughout)-172.8(the)-172.8(succeed-)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(ing)-247.7(decades.)-247.7(Beginning)-247.7(in)-247.7(the)-247.7(1960s,)-247.7(women)-247.7(and)-247.7(minorities)-247.7(began)]TJ ET endstream endobj 69 0 obj > endobj 70 0 obj > endobj 71 0 obj > stream hTPn0 d!%myv+ )}%I?)GM6 ,M[cuX > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (16)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(than)-321.9(the)-321.9(world)-321.9(has)-321.9(ever)-321.9(experienced)-321.9(\(quoted)-321.9(in)-321.9(W)55(aldrop,)-321.9(1996,)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(p.)-349.1(75\).)-349.1(His)-349.1(words)-349.1(are)-349.1(reminiscent)-349.1(of)-349.1(the)-349.1(famous)-349.1(lines)-349.1(by)-349.1(English)]TJ T* [(poet)-465.9(Matthew)-465.9(Arnold)-465.9(describing)-465.9(the)-465.9(birth)-465.9(of)-465.9(the)-465.9(mo)-10(dern)-465.9(era:)]TJ T* [(W)55(andering)-358.3(between)-358.3(two)-358.3(worlds,)-358.3(one)-358.3(dead,/The)-358.3(other)-358.3(powerless)]TJ T* [(to)-329.1(be)-329.1(born.)-329.1(Both)-329.1(use)-329.1(the)-329.1(birth)-329.1(and)-329.1(death)-329.1(metaphor)55(,)-329.1(a)-329.1(metaphor)]TJ T* [(that)-395.3(is)-395.3(not)-395.3(only)-395.3(appropriate)-395.3(but)-395.3(helps)-395.3(to)-395.3(explain)-395.3(the)-395.3(emotional)]TJ T* [(intensity)-250(of)-250(our)-250(situation.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(The)-376.6(birth-and-death)-376.6(metaphor)-376.6(resonates)-376.6(because)-376.6(our)-376.6(institu-)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(tions)-197.9(are)-197.9(organic)-197.9(artifacts.)-197.9(They)-197.9(live)-197.9(and)-197.9(grow)-197.9(and)-197.9(evolve)-197.9(as)-197.9(a)-197.9(result)]TJ T* [(of)-375.8(the)-375.8(human)-375.8(interactions)-375.8(that)-375.8(take)-375.8(place)-375.8(within)-375.8(them.)-375.8(W)55(e)-375.8(use)]TJ T* [(human)-241.7(metaphors)-241.7(to)-241.7(talk)-241.7(about)-241.7(institutions)-241.7(when)-241.7(we)-241.7(consider)-241.7(ele-)]TJ T* [(ments)-301.2(like)-301.2(growth)-301.2(or)-301.2(health)-301.2(of)-301.2(the)-301.2(institution.)-301.2(For)-301.2(this)-301.2(reason)-301.2(we)]TJ T* [(cannot)-392.9(discount)-392.9(the)-392.9(human)-392.9(element)-392.9(in)-392.9(this)-392.9(enterprise,)-392.9(for)-392.9(edu-)]TJ T* [(cation)-374.6(and)-374.6(leadership)-374.6(are)-374.6(all)-374.6(about)-374.6(people)-374.6(and)-374.6(relationships.)-374.6(As)]TJ T* [(we)-325(examine)-325(the)-325(commonalities)-325(between)-325(goo)-10(d)-325(teaching)-325(and)-325(goo)-10(d)]TJ T* [(leading,)-342.6(we)-342.6(will)-342.6(see)-342.6(that)-342.6(the)-342.6(core)-342.6(competencies)-342.6(for)-342.6(both)-342.6(involve)]TJ T* [(human)-348.7(relationships,)-348.7(understanding)-348.7(people,)-348.7(caring)-348.7(about)-348.7(people,)]TJ T* [(and)-250(developing)-250(the)-250(capacity)-250(to)-250(motivate)-250(and)-250(inspire)-250(them.)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(One)-237.7(element)-237.7(of)-237.7(the)-237.7(human)-237.7(condition)-237.7(is)-237.7(the)-237.7(fear)-237.7(of)-237.7(death.)-237.7(Even)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(when)-223.2(we)-223.2(know)-223.2(that)-223.2(death)-223.2(is)-223.2(appropriate,)-223.2(a)-223.2(necessary)-223.2(condition,)-223.2(it)55(s)]TJ T* [(hard)-257.8(to)-257.8(let)-257.8(go.)-257.8(W)55(e)-257.8(become)-257.8(comfortable)-257.8(and)-257.8(feel)-257.8(safe)-257.8(with)-257.8(what)-257.8(we)]TJ T* [(know)74(,)-238.1(with)-238.1(what)-238.1(is)-238.1(familiar)-238.1(to)-238.1(us,)-238.1(and)-238.1(giving)-238.1(that)-238.1(up)-238.1(is)-238.1(challenging)]TJ T* [(because)-315.9(of)-315.9(the)-315.9(uncertainty)-315.9(involved.)-315.9(T)111(o)-315.9(use)-315.9(a)-315.9(mundane)-315.9(example,)]TJ T* [(think)-241.5(of)-241.5(the)-241.5(uncertainty)-241.5(we)-241.5(feel)-241.5(when)-241.5(the)-241.5(IT)-241.5(people)-241.5(take)-241.5(away)-241.5(our)]TJ T* [(computer)-251.1(and)-251.1(give)-251.1(us)-251.1(an)-251.1(upgrade)-251.1(or)-251.1(our)-251.1(institution)-251.1(changes)-251.1(e-mail)]TJ T* [(software.)-288.5(How)-288.5(many)-288.5(of)-288.5(us)-288.5(have)-288.5(said,)-288.5(Can)18(t)-288.5(I)-288.4(keep)-288.5(my)-288.5(old)-288.5(one?)-288.5(It)]TJ T* [(works)-175.2(just)-175.2(ne.)-175.2(The)-175.2(irony)-175.2(is)-175.2(that)-175.2(what)-175.2(we)-175.2(are)-175.2(resisting)-175.2(isn)18(t)-175.2(s)0(o)-175.2(much)]TJ T* [(the)-338(idea)-338(of)-338(change)-338(as)-338(the)-338(need)-338(to)-338(learn)-338(something)-338(new)74(.)-338(I)0(n)-338(order)]TJ T* [(for)-253.2(us)-253.2(to)-253.2(thrive)-253.2(in)-253.2(the)-253.2(new)-253.2(paradigm,)-253.2(we)-253.2(must)-253.2(embrace)-253.2(change)-253.2(but)]TJ T* [(even)-149.3(more)-149.3(important,)-149.3(we)-149.3(must)-149.3(embrace)-149.3(learning.)-149.3(The)-149.3(new)-149.3(paradigm)]TJ T* [(is)-296.4(all)-296.4(about)-296.4(learning,)-296.4(about)-296.4(everyone)-296.4(increasing)-296.4(knowledge,)-296.4(skills,)]TJ T* [(and)-296.2(abilities.)-296.2(The)-296.2(organization)-296.2(as)-296.2(a)-296.2(whole)-296.2(and)-296.2(all)-296.2(the)-296.2(members)-296.2(of)]TJ T* [(the)-328.6(organizational)-328.6(community)-328.6(are)-328.6(learners)-328.6(in)-328.6(a)-328.6(perpetual)-328.6(state)-328.6(of)]TJ T* (transformation.)Tj ET endstream endobj 73 0 obj > /ExtGState > >> /Parent 51 0 R /Contents 37 0 R /Type /Page >> endobj 74 0 obj > endobj 75 0 obj > endobj 76 0 obj > stream /GS1 gs BT /F1 1 Tf 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 80.9664 788.1256 Tm 0 g 0 Tc 0 Tw [(Chapter)-250(=)-250(c01)-1000(Date:)-250(Feb)-250(19,)-250(2010)-1000(T)90(ime:)-250(9:0)-166.7(pm)]TJ ET 0 G 0 J 0 j .249 w 10 M []0 d 1 i q 1 0 0 1 72.125 785.664 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -41.719 -17.808 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 491.527 0 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 -18.057 17.808 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 -473.719 -665.559 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S 1 0 0 1 41.968 -41.968 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 431.751 0 cm 0 0 m 0 23.91 l S 1 0 0 1 18.057 41.968 cm 0 0 m 23.91 0 l S Q BT 8.9664 0 0 8.9664 113.6637 719.6614 Tm (8)Tj /F4 1 Tf 2.8667 0 TD [(Leading)-250(the)-250(Learner)37(-Centered)-250(Campus)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 10.9589 0 0 10.9589 139.3674 688.7932 Tm [(that)-180.3(some)-180.3(faculties)-180.3(and)-180.3(institutions)-180.3(certify)-180.2(for)-180.3(graduation)-180.3(too)-180.3(many)]TJ 0 -1.3636 TD [(students)-149.8(who)-149.8(cannot)-149.8(read)-149.8(and)-149.8(write)-149.8(very)-149.8(well,)-149.8(too)-149.8(many)-149.8(whose)-149.8(intel-)]TJ T* [(lectual)-306.7(depth)-306.7(and)-306.7(breadth)-306.7(are)-306.7(unimpressive,)-306.7(and)-306.7(too)-306.7(many)-306.7(whose)]TJ T* [(skills)-142.4(are)-142.4(inadequate)-142.4(in)-142.4(the)-142.4(face)-142.4(of)-142.4(the)-142.4(demands)-142.4(of)-142.4(contemporary)-142.4(life)]TJ T* [(\(p.)-254(1\).)-254(They)-254(conclude)-254(that)-254(A)-254(disturbing)-254(and)-254(dangerous)-254(mismatch)]TJ T* [(exists)-327.8(between)-327.8(what)-327.8(American)-327.8(society)-327.8(needs)-327.8(of)-327.8(higher)-327.8(education)]TJ T* [(and)-231.5(what)-231.5(it)-231.5(is)-231.5(receiving.)-231.5(Nowhere)-231.5(is)-231.5(the)-231.5(mismatch)-231.5(more)-231.5(dangerous)]TJ T* [(than)-217.2(in)-217.2(the)-217.3(quality)-217.2(of)-217.3(undergraduate)-217.3(preparation)-217.2(provided)-217.3(by)-217.3(many)]TJ T* [(campuses)-250(\(p.)-250(1\).)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(In)-469.8(support)-469.8(of)-469.8(this)-469.8(claim,)-469.8(a)-469.8(National)-469.8(Adult)-469.8(Literacy)-469.8(Survey)]TJ -1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(conducted)-427.1(in)-427.1(1993)-427.1(found)-427.1(that)-427.1(large)-427.1(numbers)-427.1(of)-427.1(graduates)-427.1(were)]TJ T* [(unable)-282.3(to)-282.3(use)-282.3(basic)-282.3(skills)-282.3(including)-282.3(reading,)-282.3(writing,)-282.3(computation,)]TJ T* [(and)-220.3(elementary)-220.3(problem)-220.3(solving)-220.3(\(Lucas,)-220.3(1994,)-220.3(xiii\).)-220.3(A)-220.2(decade)-220.3(later)]TJ T* [(Brown)-169.4(University)-169.4(conducted)-169.4(the)-169.4(Futures)-169.4(Project,)-169.4(a)-169.4(four)37(-year)-169.4(exami-)]TJ T* [(nation)-242.6(of)-242.6(the)-242.6(major)-242.6(forces)-242.6(affecting)-242.6(the)-242.6(future)-242.6(of)-242.6(higher)-242.6(education.)]TJ T* [(The)-376.3(Futures)-376.3(Project)-376.3(investigated)-376.3(the)-376.3(impact)-376.3(of)-376.3(competition)-376.3(and)]TJ T* [(market)-321.3(values)-321.3(on)-321.3(higher)-321.3(education,)-321.3(targeting)-321.3(three)-321.3(specic)-321.3(areas:)]TJ T* [(autonomy)-356.5(and)-356.5(accountability)74(,)-356.5(responsibility)-356.5(for)-356.5(student)-356.5(learning,)]TJ T* [(and)-213.1(access)-213.1(and)-213.1(attainment.)-213.1(In)-213.1(the)-213.1(report)-213.1(on)-213.1(the)-213.1(project,)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 22.4581 0 TD [(The)-213.1(Future)]TJ -22.4581 -1.3636 TD [(of)-447.9(Higher)-447.9(Education)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 8.4527 0 TD [(\(Newman,)-447.9(Couturier)55(,)-447.9(&)-447.9(Scurry)74(,)-447.9(2004\),)-447.9(the)]TJ -8.4527 -1.3636 TD [(authors)-209.7(called)-209.7(for)-209.7(institutional)-209.7(responsibility)-209.7(with)-209.7(regard)-209.7(to)-209.7(student)]TJ T* [(learning,)-266.4(claiming)-266.4(that)-266.4(at)-266.4(most)-266.4(institutions)-266.4(there)-266.4(is)-266.4(an)-266.4(unspoken,)]TJ T* [(comfortable)-223.8(conspiracy)-223.8(between)-223.8(faculty)-223.8(and)-223.8(students)-223.8(not)-223.8(to)-223.8(bother)]TJ T* [(each)-250(other)-250(too)-250(much;)-250(mediocrity)-250(reigns)-250(\(p.)-250(136\).)]TJ 1.3636 -1.3636 TD [(A)-303.4(similar)-303.5(claim)-303.5(was)-303.5(made)-303.5(in)]TJ /F5 1 Tf 11.9867 0 TD [(Declining)-303.5(by)-303.5(Degrees:)-303.5(Higher)-303.5(Edu-)]TJ -13.3504 -1.3636 TD [(cation)-486.3(at)-486.3(Risk)]TJ /F1 1 Tf 6.068 0 TD [(\(Hersh)-486.3(&)-486.3(Merrow)74(,)-486.3(2005\),)-486.3(a)-486.3(collection)-486.3(of)-486.3(essays)]TJ -6.068 -1.3636 TD [(accompanying)-583.3(a)-583.3(PBS)-583(documentary)74(,)-583.3(which)-583.3(exposed)-583.3(a)-583.3(lack)-583.3(of)]TJ T* [(accountability)-473.3(for)-473.3(student)-473.3(learning)-473.3(and)-473.3(an)-473.3(unhealthy)-473.3(focus)-473.3(on)]TJ T* [(research)-198.4(and)-198.4(athletics)-198.4(as)-198.4(well)-198.4(as)-198.4(other)-198.4(prestige)-198.4(factors)-198.4(that)-198.4(had)-198.4(little)]TJ T* [(to)-170.2(do)-170.2(with)-170.2(educating)-170.2(students.)-170.2(Even)-170.2(more)-170.2(candid)-170.2(was)-170.2(Lewis)55(s)-170.2(\(2006\))]TJ T* [(indictment)-282.3(of)-282.3(undergraduate)-282.3(education,)-282.3(in)-282.3(which)-282.3(he)-282.3(claimed)-282.3(that)]TJ T* [(universities)-163.3(have)-163.3(forgotten)-163.3(their)-163.3(purpose,)-163.3(namely)74(,)-163.3(creating)-163.3(educated)]TJ T* [(adults)-143.9(who)-143.9(will)-143.9(take)-143.9(responsibility)-143.9(for)-143.9(society)74(.)-143.9(I)0(n)-143.9(the)-143.9(same)-143.9(vein,)-143.9(Bok)55(s)]TJ T* [(\(2005\))-202.4(critique)-202.4(of)-202.4(higher)-202.4(education)55(s)-202.4(shortcomings)-202.4(focused)-202.4(both)-202.4(on)]TJ ET endstream endobj 77 0 obj > endobj 78 0 obj > endobj 79 0 obj > endobj 33 0 obj > stream TeX output 2010.02.19:2100 B L Ganju (Thomson Press India) 1267 2000 Apr 26 13:33:04 d:\books\pandt\revise\harris-leading\e1c01\e1c01.dvi Acrobat Distiller 8.1.0 (Windows) DVIPSONE 2.2.2 http://www.YandY.com 2010-03-19T06:10:42-04:00 2010-02-19T17:00:40-04:00 2010-03-19T06:10:42-04:00 endstream endobj xref 0 80 0000000000 65535 f 0000000044 00000 n 0000002640 00000 n 0000007730 00000 n 0000008916 00000 n 0000009107 00000 n 0000009215 00000 n 0000009344 00000 n 0000023220 00000 n 0000023328 00000 n 0000028555 00000 n 0000028766 00000 n 0000034250 00000 n 0000034358 00000 n 0000053345 00000 n 0000053454 00000 n 0000053574 00000 n 0000053793 00000 n 0000053928 00000 n 0000058946 00000 n 0000075100 00000 n 0000075220 00000 n 0000075330 00000 n 0000075548 00000 n 0000075668 00000 n 0000075766 00000 n 0000094300 00000 n 0000099476 00000 n 0000104978 00000 n 0000105207 00000 n 0000105317 00000 n 0000105427 00000 n 0000122984 00000 n 0000198453 00000 n 0000124171 00000 n 0000124393 00000 n 0000129398 00000 n 0000130582 00000 n 0000132311 00000 n 0000149841 00000 n 0000149951 00000 n 0000150071 00000 n 0000150159 00000 n 0000150370 00000 n 0000156036 00000 n 0000156101 00000 n 0000156232 00000 n 0000161340 00000 n 0000161450 00000 n 0000161647 00000 n 0000163416 00000 n 0000163526 00000 n 0000163691 00000 n 0000164859 00000 n 0000164969 00000 n 0000165096 00000 n 0000165183 00000 n 0000166356 00000 n 0000171923 00000 n 0000173114 00000 n 0000173234 00000 n 0000173344 00000 n 0000174530 00000 n 0000174571 00000 n 0000179304 00000 n 0000179413 00000 n 0000180589 00000 n 0000180623 00000 n 0000180733 00000 n 0000185795 00000 n 0000185858 00000 n 0000185968 00000 n 0000186256 00000 n 0000191791 00000 n 0000192045 00000 n 0000192111 00000 n 0000192220 00000 n 0000197788 00000 n 0000198150 00000 n 0000198343 00000 n trailer ] /Root 55 0 R >> startxref 200101 %%EOF

Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgments.

About the Authors.

Part I Learner-Centered Leadership.

1 Rethinking Our Current Challenges: The Context for Change.

2 The Instructional Paradigm: The Reason for Change.

3 The Learner-Centered Paradigm: The Goal of Change.

4 Leading the New Paradigm: The Method for Change.

Part II Advancing the Learner-Centered Agenda.

5 Fostering Faculty Development.

6 Orienting New Faculty.

7 Assessing Teaching Quality.

8 Supporting Learning through Renovation of Spaces.

Closing Thoughts.

References.

Index.