Leibniz: Protestant Theologian

Hardcover | May 15, 2016

byIrena Backus

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Irena Backus offers the first examination of Leibniz as both scholar and theologian in more than four hundred years, illuminating the relationship between metaphysics and theology in Leibniz's handling of key theological issues of his time: predestination, sacred history, the Eucharist, andefforts for a union between Lutherans and Catholics and between Lutherans and Calvinists.Drawing on a wide range of Leibniz's writings, Backus carefully presents the philosophical points and counterpoints of Leibniz's positions. She shows how Leibniz's essentially Lutheran nonorthodox theology was reconciled with his philosophy and demonstrates that Leibniz was not a typical Lutheran:the solutions he sought to the problems of confessional division were more philosophical than theological, and his view of sacred history was intended to vindicate his theodicy. Leibniz's unique integration of theology into philosophy proved satisfactory neither to theologians nor to manyphilosophers of his time. This study delves into a wealth of previously unexplored material, and includes the first-ever English translation of the Unvorgreiffliches Bedencken. It will be an important contribution to the history of ideas, and to understanding Leibniz's place in the mainstream Protestant theology of histime.

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Irena Backus offers the first examination of Leibniz as both scholar and theologian in more than four hundred years, illuminating the relationship between metaphysics and theology in Leibniz's handling of key theological issues of his time: predestination, sacred history, the Eucharist, andefforts for a union between Lutherans and Cath...

Irena Backus is Professor of Reformation History and Ecclesiastical Latin at the Institute of Reformation History at the University of Geneva.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:336 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:May 15, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199891842

ISBN - 13:9780199891849

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Table of Contents

AbbreviationsIntroductionPart I. Eucharist and Substance1. Transubstantiation and the Problem of Real Presence2. Negotiations with the Reformed and the problem of real presenceAppendix to Chapter 2: A selection of texts on the negotiationsPart II. Predestination and Necessity3. Predestination4. Necessity5. Leibniz and AugustinePart III. Leibniz the Historian of the Sacred6. Leibniz's Concept of Historia Sacra7. History, Apocalyptic Prophecy, Early Heresies: Leibniz, Newton, Grotius8. Concluding RemarksNotesIndex