This guide provides the historical background of traditional and modern libraries and librarianship in India. It focuses, chapter by chapter, on various types of libraries including national libraries, academic libraries, school libraries, and special libraries. It also covers the state of bibliographic control and services, professional organizations, library education, and automation. From ancient through medieval and modern India to the end of the 20th century, this book offers detailed description of the development of libraries and related activities in the field of librarianship. This is an informative guide to libraries and the profession of librarianship in India that will be of great value to scholars and researchers of world librarianship. Providing a historical background of traditional and modern libraries and librarianship, this book will be useful to library science students and faculty worldwide.