While India has had a long history of village studies, longitudinal studies that have followed the same village or set of villages over time have a special place in the literature on transformation of economic production and social structures in rural areas. This book brings together aspectsof change in rural India through recent research based on longitudinal village studies. The revival of village studies in recent years is a testimony to their usefulness in providing answers to questions that elude the narrow confines of mainstream theory and large-scale surveys. The book addresses three broad areas of concern: the first relates to the method and conceptual framework of longitudinal village studies how information is collected and the ways in which it is used and analysed; the second aims at a broad understanding of villages across different dimensions ofeconomy and society, offering wide and integrated accounts of particular villages; and the third explores particular themes in some detail within this broader framework. By bringing together different contributions from the tradition of longitudinal village studies, the book addresses a range ofanalytical and policy issues, highlights the problems and potentials of the longitudinal method, and encourages more work in this tradition.