Black women in colonial and revolutionary New England baked New England's Thanksgiving pies, preached their faith to crowds of worshippers, spied for the patriots during the Revolution, decried human bondage as a sin, and demanded reparations for slavery. Hidden behind the banner of achieving freedom was the assumption that freedom meant affirming black manhood As Catherine Adams and Elizabeth H. Pleck show, the struggle for freedom in New England was different for women than for men. Black men in colonial and revolutionary New England were fightingfor freedom from slavery and for the right to patriarchal control of their own families. Women sought protection and support in a male headed household, while also wanting personal liberty. They demanded not only legal emancipation from slavery but defined freedom more broadly to include spiritual,familial, and economic dimensions.