In August 1991, the Political Organization and Parties Section of the American Political Science Association sponsored a workshop entitled ''Machine Politics, Sound Bites, and Nostalgia: Substantive Issues and Methodological Problems in the Study of Party Organization,'' which included a panel of scholars presenting brief papers on research questions and a panel of practitioners responding from their personal experience. The results of these panels are included in this publication. The scholarly perspectives include papers presented by Leon D. Epstein, Paul S. Herrnson, Charles D. Hadley, Michael Margolis, and Kay Lawson. Applied perspectives from practitioners include comments from Michael Margolis, John Pitney, Lynn Cutler, Mark Strand, Les Frances, and Tom Cole. Co-published with the Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics.