Madhyamaka and Yogacara: Allies or Rivals?

Paperback | March 31, 2015

EditorJay L. Garfield, Jan Westerhoff

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Madhyamaka and Yogacara are the two principal schools of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy. While Madhyamaka asserts the ultimate emptiness and conventional reality of all phenomena, Yogacara is usually considered to be idealistic. This collection of essays addresses the degree to which thesephilosophical approaches are consistent or complementary.Indian and Tibetan doxographies often take these two schools to be philosophical rivals. They are grounded in distinct bodies of sutra literature and adopt what appear to be very different positions regarding the analysis of emptiness and the status of mind. Madhyamaka-Yogacara polemics abound inIndian Buddhist literature, and Tibetan doxographies regard them as distinct systems. Nonetheless, scholars have tried to synthesize the two positions for centuries. This volume offers new essays by prominent experts on both these traditions, who address the question of the degree to which thesephilosophical approaches should be seen as rivals or as allies. In answering the question of whether Madhyamaka and Yogacara can be considered compatible, contributors engage with a broad range of canonical literature, and relate the texts to contemporary philosophical problems.

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Madhyamaka and Yogacara are the two principal schools of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy. While Madhyamaka asserts the ultimate emptiness and conventional reality of all phenomena, Yogacara is usually considered to be idealistic. This collection of essays addresses the degree to which thesephilosophical approaches are consistent or comple...

Jay L. Garfield is Kwan Im Thong Hood Cho Professor of Humanities and Head of Studies in Philosophy at Yale-NUS College, Professor of Philosophy at the National University of Singapore, Recurrent Visiting Professor of Philosophy at Yale University, Doris Silbert Professor in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at Smith College,...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.21 × 6.1 × 0.71 inPublished:March 31, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190231297

ISBN - 13:9780190231293

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsContributorsJay L. Garfield, Jan Westerhoff: Introduction: Madhyamaka and Yogacara: Allies or Rivals?1. Chaisit Suwanvarangkul: Pratityasamutpada and Dharmadhatu in Early Mahayana Buddhism2. Mattia Salvini: Language and existence in Madhyamaka and Yogacara: Preliminary reflections3. Sonam Thakchee: Reification and Nihilism: The Three Nature Theory and Its Implications4. Mark Siderits: The Case for Discontinuity5. David Eckel: "Undigested Pride": Bhaviveka on the Dispute Between Madhyamaka and Yogacara6. Dan Lusthaus: Xuanzang and Kuiji on Madhyamaka7. Jan Westerhoff: Nagarjuna's Yogaaa8. Eviatar Shulman: Nagarjuna the Yogacarin? Vasubandhu the Madhyamika? On the Middle-way between Realism and Anti-Realism9. Jonathan C. Gold: Without Karma and Nirvana, Buddhism is Nihilism: The Yogacara Contribution to the Doctrine of Emptiness10. James Blumenthal: Two Topics Concerning Consciousness in Santaraksita's Yogacara-Madhyamaka Syncretism11. Jay L. Garfield: I am a Brain in a Vat (Or Perhaps a Pile of Sticks By the Side of the Road)Index

Editorial Reviews

"This is an important work on an issue that is surely amongst the most complex in Buddhist Studies. Garfield and Westerhoff have brought together eleven contributions whose mix of philology, history, and philosophical analysis advances our understanding significantly." --Tom Tillemans, Professor Emeritus, University of Lausanne