Making Sense of Criminal Justice: Policies and Practices

Paperback | January 31, 2014

byG. Larry Mays, Rick Ruddell

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Addressing topics such as gun control, prison overcrowding, and the death penalty, this book encourages students to think critically about criminal justice policy. Each chapter confronts a timely and contentious issue in the field. The text maintains an awareness of the effect of race andgender on interactions with the criminal justice system, and includes chapters that discuss race and gender directly. In each chapter, the authors consider the ways in which the examined issue impacts the criminal justice system, politics, and policymaking. The authors have organized the book aroundthe three main elements of the criminal justice system (police, courts, and corrections), and the issues they feature are relevant to both informed citizens and future criminal justice professionals.

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Addressing topics such as gun control, prison overcrowding, and the death penalty, this book encourages students to think critically about criminal justice policy. Each chapter confronts a timely and contentious issue in the field. The text maintains an awareness of the effect of race andgender on interactions with the criminal justice...

G. Larry Mays is Regents Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice at New Mexico State University. He served as a police officer in Knoxville, Tennessee for five years in the early 1970s, and he holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Tennessee. Dr. Mays taught at East Tennessee State University and Appalachian State Un...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:January 31, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199314136

ISBN - 13:9780199314133

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAbout the AuthorsIntroductionSection I: Criminal Justice Policy1. The Politics and Policy DichotomyIntroductionThe Role of Politics in the Administration of JusticeSources of Law and PolicyPolitics and Legislative Processes and FunctionsPolicymaking and Criminal JusticeConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings2. Crime Control Versus Due ProcessIntroductionThe Crime Control ModelThe Due Process ModelThe Practical Difference Between the ModelsCrime Control Model PoliciesDue Process Model PoliciesConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended ReadingsSection II: Law Enforcement Issues3. The Search for a Guiding Philosophy of PolicingIntroductionVariation in the PoliceStages of Police DevelopmentThe Political Era (1820s-1940s)Reform Transition (Late 1800s-Early 1900s)The Professional Era (1940-1970)Days of Protest - Another Transition (Mid-1960s-Mid-1970s)The Community Policing Era (1970-2010)Community PolicingSearch for a New Guiding Philosophy for Policing (2010 to Present)ConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings4. Police and the Use of ForceIntroductionDefining the TermsPolice and Citizen InteractionsInfluences on the Use of ForceLawsPoliciesTrainingDepartmental Practice or Police CultureThe Characteristics of Individual OfficersHigh-Speed Pursuits As Deadly ForceLess Than Lethal ForcePolice Officer DeathsPolice Shootings of CiviliansRemedies for Unauthorized Use of ForceConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings5. Gun ControlIntroductionFirearms MortalityViolent CrimeFirearms LegislationRegulating the Types of FirearmsLegislating Access to FirearmsControlling Firearms UseEffectiveness of Gun Control LegislationPolice Interventions to Reduce Illegal Gun UseConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended ReadingsSection III: Justice for All, or Just for Some?6. SentencingIntroductionGetting ToughIndeterminate to Determinate SentencingSentencing GuidelinesMandatory Minimum SentencesThree-Strikes LegislationTruth-in-SentencingConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings7. Race, Ethnicity, and JusticeIntroductionDecision Making in the Criminal Justice SystemArrestJuvenile Detention and IncarcerationProsecutionAdjudicationSentencingPunishmentConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings8. Gender and JusticeIntroductionWomen As Offenders in the Criminal Justice SystemArrestsDetentionProsecution and AdjudicationCriminal SanctionsTreatment and Rehabilitation ResourcesWomen as Crime VictimsWomen Working in the Criminal Justice SystemConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings9. Wrongful ConvictionsIntroductionScope of the ProblemEyewitness MisidentificationFalse Confessions and Incriminating StatementsInformantsUnvalidated or Improper Forensic ScienceMisconductIneffective Assistance of CounselConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended ReadingsSection IV: The Challenges of Correcting Law-Violating Behavior10. What Are the Alternatives?IntroductionSpecialized CourtsDrug Diversion ProgramsIntermediate SanctionsCommunity-Based Jail ProgramsParoleConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings11. Putting the Brakes on Correctional PopulationsIntroductionImprisonment and Crime ControlThe Rising Cost of CorrectionsIndirect Costs of IncarcerationRehabilitating PrisonersPrivatizationConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings12. The Death PenaltyIntroductionCapital Punishment in America - Evolving Conditions and PracticesSupport for the Death PenaltyThe Death Penalty TodayCapital Punishment PolicyThe Future of the Death PenaltyConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings13. Juvenile Crime and ViolenceIntroductionJuvenile Crime TrendsExplaining Changes in Juvenile CrimeCycles of Juvenile JusticeModels for Controlling Juvenile CrimeNoninterventionist ModelRehabilitation ModelCrime Control ModelEvidence Based PracticeConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended ReadingsSection V: Public Safety and the Future14. Living in a Post-9/11 WorldIntroductionFederal LegislationThe Foreign Intelligence Surveillance ActThe Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty ActThe USA PATRIOT ActHomeland SecuritySecurity Versus LibertyThe Changing Legal EnvironmentVideo SurveillanceFusion CentersConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended Readings15. Making Sense of Criminal JusticeIntroductionUnderstanding Criminal Justice PolicyResearch and Criminal Justice PolicyCriminal Justice in the Twenty-First CenturyConclusionsKey TermsCritical Review QuestionsWriting AssignmentsRecommended ReadingsCase IndexAuthor IndexSubject Index