Management of Acute Kidney Problems by Achim JörresManagement of Acute Kidney Problems by Achim Jörres

Management of Acute Kidney Problems

EditorAchim Jörres, Claudio Ronco, John A. Kellum

Hardcover | December 14, 2009

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Acute kidney failure is an important clinical area in the intensive care unit setting. An estimated 5-20% of critically ill patients experience an episode of acute kidney failure during the course of their illness, and about 5% of patients admitted to an ICU will eventually require renal replacement therapy. In these patients, in-hospital mortality is extremely high, exceeding 50%. Thus, the early detection and causal treatment of acute kidney problems is vitally important for a successful outcome. Written by internationally renowned experts, this clinical reference offers helpful advice with the most recent information on the definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical causes of acute kidney failure as a fundamental prerequisite for prevention of this disorder. Moreover, it also covers differential diagnostic approaches for patients with acute renal failure and provides a detailed outline of important measures for their clinical management. Finally, separate chapters are dedicated to various key aspects related to the adequate delivery of acute renal replacement therapy. It is intended as a helpful guide for all clinicians involved in the care of patients at risk of developing acute kidney problems.
Title:Management of Acute Kidney ProblemsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:714 pagesPublished:December 14, 2009Publisher:Springer Berlin HeidelbergLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3540694137

ISBN - 13:9783540694137

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Table of Contents

A. General Considerations1. Introduction2. Definition and Classification of Acute Kidney Failure3. Overview of Pathophysiology, Etiology and Epidemiology3.1. Mechanisms of Kidney Injury and Repair3.2. Uremic Toxins3.2. Pre-renal Acute Kidney Failure3.3. Intrinsic Acute Kidney Failure3.4. Urinary Tract Obstruction3.5. Epidemiology and Economical Impact4. Diagnostic Evaluation and Procedures4.1. Clinical Evaluation4.2. Laboratory Investigation4.3. Kidney Function Tests and Urinalysis4.4. Radiography4.5. Ultrasonography4.6. Kidney biopsy5. Prevention and Conservative Therapy of Acute Kidney Failure5.1. Volume Resuscitation and Management5.1. Electrolyte Homeostasis5.3. Acid-Base Balance5.2. Monitoring and Management of Systemic Hemodynamics5.3. Correction of Anaemia5.4. Nutrition and Metabolism5.5. Glucose and Insulin5.6. Bleeding and Hemostasis5.7. Neurological Problems5.8. Gastrointestinal Complications5.9. Cardiovascular Complications5.10. Specific Interventions / Drugs6. Indications to Start Kidney Replacement Therapy7. Long-term Outcome of Acute Kidney Failure B. Diagnosis and Management of Specific Disorders1. Acute Kidney Failure in Sepsis2. Cardiogenic Shock and Acute Kidney Failure3. Acute Kidney Problems in Congestive Heart Failure4. Hepato-Renal Syndrome5. ARDS and Kidney Failure6. Toxic Nephropathy due to Drugs and Poisons7. Toxic Nephropathy due to Radio Contrast Media8. Acute Glomerulonephritis, Vascultis, and Pulmo-Renal Syndromes9. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome / Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura10. Acute Interstitial Nephritis11. Myoglobinuric Acute Kidney Failure12. Tropical Infections and Acute Kidney Failure13. AIDS and Acute Kidney Failure14. Acute Kidney Failure in Hematological Disorders and Tumor Lysis Syndrome15. Acute Kidney Failure follwing Cardiovascular Surgery16. Polytrauma and Acute Kidney Failure17. Burns and Acute Kidney Failure18. Acute Kidney Transplant Failure19. Acute Kidney Failure during Pregnancy and Post Partum20. Acute Kidney Failure in Children C. Temporary Replacement of Kidney Function1. Principles of Extracorporeal Blood Purification: Hemodialysis, Hemofiltration, Hemodiafiltration2. Membranes for Dialysis and Hemofiltration3. Dialysates and Substitution Fluids4. Intermittent Hemodialysis5. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapies6. SLEDD and SCUF7. Quantifying the Dose of Acute Kidney Replacement Therapy7. Adequacy and Dosing of Acute Kidney Replacement Therapy8. Anticoagulation for Acute Dialysis9. Vascular Access for Acute Dialysis10. Principles and Practice of Acute Peritoneal Dialysis11. Choosing a Therapy Modality for Acute Kidney Replacement Therapy12. Stopping Acute Kidney Replacement Therapy  D. Management of Specific Issues1. Anaesthesia in Patients with Acute Kidney Failure2. Drug Dosing in Acute Kidney Failure and During Kidney Replacement Therapy3. Acute Kidney Replacement Therapy In Children4. Extracorporeal Therapies for Non-Renal Indications4.1. Extracorporeal Therapies and Immunomodulation During Sepsis4.2. Extracorporeal Liver Support4.3. Extracorporeal Removal of Drugs and Toxins

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This is an up-to-date book on the definition, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and clinical causes of acute kidney injury. . a helpful resource for physicians practicing in the intensive care unit setting. From internists to critical care specialists, this book provides a starting point for clinical management. . Multiple colorful tables and figures enhance the text. . I would recommend it . for those with frequent exposure to patients with acute kidney disease." (Jon Webb, Doody's Review Service, August, 2010)