Master Richard Sophista: Abstractiones

Hardcover | October 29, 2016

EditorSten Ebbesen, Mary Sirridge, E. Jennifer Ashworth

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The Abstractiones is a work in medieval logic from the second half of the 13th century. Clearly a product of the British university culture and much cited, quoted and imitated, it is attributed in two manuscripts to "Master Richard the Sophist". This Richard is referred to by otherphilosophers and logicians as "The Master of Abstractions" - an honorific title which indicates that his work was a standard textbook. The Abstractiones is a collection of sophismata, or logical puzzles of increasing complexity and difficulty which have been gathered under logical operators like 'all'. Each sophisma is introduced by a proposition that appears to be both provably true and provably false, like "God knows whatever heknew". The Master determines the truth or falsity of the proposition and analyses the defects of the arguments that have been offered by detecting logical fallacies, equivocal expressions and the like. The work as we have it is clearly the result of a process of development, modification, andinterpolation, probably extending over at least a generation. Although there came to be works that imitated the Abstractions and followed some of its plan and style, these are 'descendants,' rather than variations.The Abstractiones gives us a better sense than does an independent and original work of medieval logic like William of Ockham's Summa Totius Logicae of how instruction in techniques of argumentation and reasoning, often of a fairly sophisticated sort, was carried on in British universities in thelatter part of the 13th century and well into the 14th century.

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The Abstractiones is a work in medieval logic from the second half of the 13th century. Clearly a product of the British university culture and much cited, quoted and imitated, it is attributed in two manuscripts to "Master Richard the Sophist". This Richard is referred to by otherphilosophers and logicians as "The Master of Abstractio...

Professor Sten Ebbesen Studied classical philology, Russian and Modern Greek in Copenhagen 1964-72, but in 1966-67 at the University of Thessaloniki. BA in Modern Greek 1968, MA in classical philology 1972. Dr. phil. Copenhagen 1981. Honorary doctor University of Gothenburg 2013. Employed as a classicist in Copenhagen since 1972. Main ...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:350 pagesPublished:October 29, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0197265979

ISBN - 13:9780197265970

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Table of Contents

IntroductionThe Work and its AuthorThe ManuscriptsRatio edendiEditorial ConventionsHistory of this EditionBibliographySophismata treated in the AbstractionesText