Mechanisms In Ancient Chinese Books With Illustrations by Kuo-hung HsiaoMechanisms In Ancient Chinese Books With Illustrations by Kuo-hung Hsiao

Mechanisms In Ancient Chinese Books With Illustrations

byKuo-hung Hsiao, Hong-Sen Yan

Hardcover | December 30, 2013

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This book presents a unique approach for studying mechanisms and machines with drawings that were depicted unclearly in ancient Chinese books.
The historical, cultural and technical backgrounds of the mechanisms are explained, and various mechanisms described and illustrated in ancient books are introduced. By utilizing the idea for the conceptual design of modern mechanisms, all feasible designs of ancient mechanisms with uncertain members and joints that meet the technical standards of the subjects' time periods are synthesized systematically. Ancient Chinese crossbows (the original crossbow and repeating crossbows), textile mechanisms (silk-reeling mechanism, spinning mechanisms, and looms), and many other artisan's tool mechanisms are used as illustrated examples. Such an approach provides a logical method for the reconstruction designs of ancient mechanisms with uncertain structures. It also provides an innovative direction for researchers to further identify the original structures of mechanisms and machines with drawings in ancient literature.
This book can be used as a textbook and/or supplemental reading material for courses related to history of ancient (Chinese) machinery and creative mechanism design for senior and graduate students.

Title:Mechanisms In Ancient Chinese Books With IllustrationsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:302 pagesPublished:December 30, 2013Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3319020080

ISBN - 13:9783319020082

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Table of Contents

Preface.- Books.- 2.1 Nong Shu è¾²æ¸ by Wang Zhen (çç¦) (AD 1313).- 2.1.1 Contents.- 2.1.2 Contents.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Mechanisms with Illustrations in Ancient Historical Background.- 2.2 Wu Bei Zhi æ­¦åå- by Mao Yuan-yi (èåå) (AD 1621).- 2.2.1 Contents.- 2.2.2 Historical Background.- 2.3 Tian Gong Kai Wu 天å-¥éç© by Song Ying-xing (å®ææŸ) (AD 1637).- 2.3.1 Contents.- 2.3.2 Historical Background.- 2.4 Nong Zheng Quan Shu è¾²æ-å¨æ¸ by Xu Guang-qi (å¾ååŸ) (AD 1639).- 2.4.1 Contents.- 2.4.2 Historical Background.- 2.5 Qin Ding Shou Shi Tong Kao 欽å®ææ'è by Ortai, et al (éç¾æ³°) (AD 1742).- 2.5.1 Contents.- 2.5.2 Historical Background.- 3 Mechanisms and Machines.- 3.1 Basic Definitions.- 3.2 Mechanical Members.- 3.3 Joints.- 3.4 Representation of Joints.- 3.5 Mechanism Sketch.- 3.6 Mechanisms and Generalized Kinematic Chains.- 3.7 Constrained Motion.- 3.7.1 Planar mechanisms.- 3.7.2 Spatial mechanisms.- 3.8 Summary.- 4 Ancient Chinese Machinery.- 4.1 Historical Development.- 4.2 Linkage Mechanisms.- 4.3 Cam Mechanisms.- 4.4 Gear Mechanisms.- 4.5 Rope Drives.- 4.6 Chain Drives.- 4.7 Summary.- 5 Reconstruction Design Methodology.- 5.1 Classification of Ancient Mechanisms with Illustrations.- 5.2 Reconstruction Design Methodology.- 5.3 Examples of Reconstruction Designs.- 5.3.1 Example 1 - Shui Long (水礱, a water-driven mill).- 5.3.2 Example 2 - Tie Nian Cao (éµç¢¾æ§½, an iron roller).- 5.3.3 Example 3 - Yang Shan (颶æ, a winnowing device).- 5.4 Summary.- 6 Roller Devices.- 6.1 Soil Preparation Devices.- 6.2 Harvest and Transportation Devices.- 6.3 Grain Processing Devices.- 6.4 Water Lifting Devices.- 6.5 War Weapons.- 6.6 Other Devices.- 6.7 Summary.- 7 Linkage Mechanisms.- 7.1 Levers.- 7.2 Pumping Tubes.- 7.3 Grain Processing Devices.- 7.4 Other Devices.- 7.5 Summary.- 8 Gear and Cam Mechanisms.- 8.1 Agricultural Devices with Gears.- 8.2 Water Lifting Devices with Gears.- 8.3 Cam Mechanisms.- 8.4 Summary.- 9 Flexible Connecting Mechanisms.- 9.1 Grain Processing Devices.- 9.2 Water Lifting Devices.- 9.3 Handiwork Devices.- 9.4 Textile Devices.- 9.5 Summary.- 10 Crossbows.- 10.1 Historical Development.- 10.2 Structural Analysis.- 10.3 Original Crossbow.- 10.4 Chu State Repeating Crossbow.- 10.5 Zhuge Repeating Crossbow.- 10.5.1 With Movable Magazine.- 10.5.2 foot-operated silk-reeling mechanism).- 11.2 Fang Che (ç´¡è», a spinning device).- 11.2.1 Jia Ta With Fixed Magazine.- 10.6 Summary.- 11 Complex Textile Devices.- 11.1 Shao Che (ç¹è», a Fang Che (è³è¸ç´¡è», a foot-operated spinning device).- 11.2.2 Pi Dai Chuan Dong Fang Che (ç®å¸¶å³åç´¡è», belt drive spinning devices).- 11.3 Xie Zhi Ji (æç¹æ©Ÿ, a foot-operated slanting loom).- 11.4 Ti Hua Ji (æè±æ©Ÿ, a drawloom for pattern-weaving).- 11.5 Summary.- References.- Symbols.- Index.