Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach

Paperback | July 5, 2012

byAndrea Wiley, John Allen

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An ideal core text for introductory courses, Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, Second Edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. For each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information onspecific conditions and then expand their analysis to include evolutionary, historical, and cross-cultural perspectives on how these issues are understood. Medical Anthropology considers how a biocultural approach can be applied to more effective prevention and treatment efforts and underscoresmedical anthropology's potential to improve health around the world.

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An ideal core text for introductory courses, Medical Anthropology: A Biocultural Approach, Second Edition, offers an accessible and contemporary overview of this rapidly expanding field. For each health issue examined in the text, the authors first present basic biological information onspecific conditions and then expand their analysi...

Dr. Andrea Wiley received her B.A. in Biological Basis of Behavior from University of Pennsylvania; M.A.'s in Demography and Anthropology from University of California, Berkeley, and her PhD in medical anthropology from University of California-Berkeley and UC San Francisco in 1992. Her interests are in the areas of maternal and child...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:464 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.68 inPublished:July 5, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199797080

ISBN - 13:9780199797080

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

PrefaceA Biocultural Approach to Medical AnthropologyWhat Is Distinctive about This TextWhat's new in this editionOutline of the BookAcknowledgments1. IntroductionWhat is Anthropology?The Development of Medical AnthropologyWhat is Medical Anthropology?The Culture ConceptA Biocultural PerspectiveLooking Ahead2. Anthropological Perspectives on Health and DiseaseDefinitions of HealthDiseaseIllnessAnthropologist in Action: Arthur KleinmanSicknessHealth, Ethics, and Cultural RelativismThe Locus of Health: The Body and SocietyBiological/Medical NormalcyEvolutionary Perspectives on HealthAdaptabilityBehavioral AdaptabilityCultural Approaches in Medical AnthropologyPolitical Economy of HealthEthnomedical SystemsInterpretive Approaches to Illness and SufferingApplied Medical AnthropologyEpidemiolgoyConclusion3. Healers and HealingCulture and Healing SystemsLiving Longer with Cystic FibrosisRecruitment: How Healers Become HealersAlternative and Complementary MedicinesAcupunctureChiropracticNavajo MedicineWhen Biomedicine Is Alternative MedicineAlternative BiomedicinesDeath as a Biocultural ConceptHarnessing the Power of the PlaceboPlacebo and NoceboConclusion4. Diet and Nutrition in Health and DiseaseFundamentals of NutritionHow are Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) constructed?Digestive PhysiologyAn Evolutionary Approach to NutritionScurvy in Evolutionary PerspectiveAscertaining Diet and Nutritional Status from Ancient BonesCavitiesC3 versus C4 in BonesAnthropologist in Action: Ellen MesserNutrition and Chronic DiseasesObesityDiabetesSugar and High-Fructose Corn Syrup in Biocultural PerspectiveLactose IntoleranceCeliac DiseaseConclusion5. Growth and DevelopmentLife History TheoryGestation: The First 40 Weeks of Growth and DevelopmentFetal Alcohol SyndromeBirth weight in the MountainsInfancyChildhoodSmall but Healthy?Anthropologist in Action: Gretel PeltoIs Bigger Better?Does Milk Make Children Grow?Puberty and the Onset of AdolescenceTeenage Pregnancy in the United StatesSex, Gender, Growth and HealthEnvironmental Toxins and GrowthConclusion6. Reproductive Health in Biocultural ContextMedicalization of Women's Health and Reproductive HealthMenstruationOral Contraceptives and Biological NormalcyPremenstrual SyndromeDeterminants of FertilityInfertilityFalling Sperm Counts: Environmental Causes of Male Reproductive Health ProblemsThe Medicalization of Male Sexual DysfunctionFemale Genital CuttingAnthropologist in Action: Ellen GruenbaumPregnancyHumoral Medicine: Concepts of Hot and ColdBirthMotheringCosleeping and Sudden Infant Death SyndromeMenopauseReproductive Events and Breast Cancer RiskConclusion7. AgingThe Aging BodyPhysiological Theories of AgingSomatic MutationsFree RadicalsWear and DegenerationEvolutionary Theories of AgingThe Aging BrainAlzheimer Disease, Genes, and EvolutionExtending Life? Caloric Restriction and an Okinawa Case StudyHealth, Illness, and the Cultural Construction of AgingConclusion8. Infectious Diseases: Pathogens, Hosts, and Evolutionary InterplayKoch's PostulatesTaxonomy of Infectious DiseaseVirusesBacteriaProtozoaFungiWormsPrionsHow Pathogens SpreadHuman Defenses against PathogensTo Treat or Not to TreatThe Immune Response: A brief overviewVaccination: How Does It Work?The Language of ImmunityHuman-Pathogen Co-EvolutionMalaria: a post-agricultural diseaseEvolutionary changes in pathogensAntibiotic ResistanceVariation in Pathogen VirulenceAllergies and Asthma: Relationship to Infectious Disease Exposure?The Hygiene HypothesisThe Helminth HypothesisAnthropologist in Action: David Van Sickle and managing asthmaConclusion9. Globalization, Poverty, and Infectious DiseaseEmergent and resurgent diseasesSocial transformations, colonialism, and globalizing infectionsSmallpoxColonization in the TropicsColonialism's health legacyClimate Change and Emerging/Resurging DiseasesCholeraGenetic Adaptation to CholeraDams and Infectious DiseaseTuberculosis: Emerging and ResurgingHIV/AIDS: A New DiseaseBushmeat Hunting and the Emergence of Human DiseasesAnthropologist in Action: Paul Farmer and HIV in HaitiConclusion10. Stress, Social Inequality, and Race and Ethnicity: Implications for Health DisparitiesBiology of the Stress ResponseThe Nervous System Stress ResponseThe Hormonal Stress ResponseWhy Is Stress Different for Humans?Stress and Biological NormalcyStress and HealthCardiovascular DiseaseImmune FunctionMedical Anthropologist in Action: Nancy SchoenbergChild GrowthInequality, Stress, and HealthRelative StatusSocial CohesionSocial SupportRace and Ethnicity and Health in the United StatesBiDil and "Racial Medicine" in the United StatesConclusion11. Mental Health and IllnessThe Medical Model in Biocultural ContextCulture-Bound SyndromesA French Culture-Bound SyndromeEating DisordersADHD and CultureMood DisordersDepressionBipolar Disorder and CreativityThe Evolution of Substance Use and AbuseSchizophreniaAn Ethnography of FutilityConclusionEpilogue: The Relevance of Medical AnthropologyWhat Can I Do Next if I Am Interested in Medical Anthropology?Graduate Programs in AnthropologyPublic Health ProgramsMedical Schools and Clinical Health ProfessionsWork in Governmental and Nongovernmental Health AgenciesReferences