Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Paperback | July 11, 2012

EditorRosamond Rhodes, Margaret Battin, Anita Silvers

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Because medicine can preserve life, restore health and maintain the body's functions, it is widely acknowledged as a basic good that just societies should provide for their members. Yet, there is wide disagreement over the scope and content of what to provide, to whom, how, when, and why. Inthis unique and comprehensive volume, some of the best-known philosophers, physicians, legal scholars, political scientists, and economists writing on the subject discuss what social justice in medicine should be. Their contributions deepen our understanding of the theoretical and practical issuesthat run through the contemporary debate. The forty-two chapters in this reorganized second edition of Medicine and Social Justice update and expand upon the thirty-four chapters of the 2002 first edition. Eighteen chapters from the original volume are revised to address policy changes and challenging issues that have emerged in theintervening decade. Twenty-two of the chapters in this edition are entirely new. The treatment of foundational theory and conceptual issues related to access to health care and rationing medical resources have been expanded to provide a more comprehensive and nuanced discussion of the backgroundconcepts that underlie distributive justice debates, with global perspectives on health and well-being added. New additions to the section on health care justice for specific populations include chapters on health care for the chronically ill, soldiers, prisoners, the severely cognitivelydisabled, and the LGBT population. The section devoted to dilemmas and priorities addresses an array of topics that have recently become especially pressing because of new technologies or altered policies. New chapters address questions of justice related to genetics, medical malpractice, researchon human subjects, pandemic and disaster planning, newborn screening, and justice for the brain dead and those with profound neurological injury.

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Because medicine can preserve life, restore health and maintain the body's functions, it is widely acknowledged as a basic good that just societies should provide for their members. Yet, there is wide disagreement over the scope and content of what to provide, to whom, how, when, and why. Inthis unique and comprehensive volume, some ...

Rosamond Rhodes, PhD is Director of Bioethics Education and Professor of Medical Education at Mount Sinai School of Medicine. She is also Professor of Philosophy at The Graduate Center, CUNY, and Professor of Bioethics at Union Graduate College. In her philosophical writing she has discussed the work of Hobbes, Aristotle, Kant, and R...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:608 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.68 inPublished:July 11, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199744203

ISBN - 13:9780199744206

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Table of Contents

IntroductionI. Theorectical Foundations1. Norman Daniels: Justice, Health, and Health Care2. Paul T. Menzel: Justice, Liberty, and the Choice of Health System Structure3. Mark S. Stein: A Utilitarian Approach to Justice in Health Care4. Rosamond Rhodes: Justice Pluralism: Resource Allocation in Medicine and Public Health5. Jonathan Wolf: Health Risk and Health Security6. David Wasserman: Aggregation and the Moral Relevance of Context in Health-Care Decision Making7. Stefan B. Baumrin: Why There Is No Right to Health Care8. Kristen Hessler and Allen Buchanan: Equality, Democracy, and the Human Right to Health CareII. Access and Rationing9. Bruce Vladek and Elliot: Unequal by Design: Health Care, Distributive Justice and the Fishman unchanged American Political Process10. Stephen R. Latham: Justice of and within Healthcare Finance11. Paul T. Menzel: Setting Priorities for a Basic Minimum of Accessible Health Care12. Gopal Sreenivasan: Why Justice Requires Rationing in Health Care13. Dan W. Brock: Priority to the Worse Off in Health Care Resource Prioritization14. F.M. Kamm: Whether to Discontinue Nonfutile Use of a Scarce Resource Unchanged15. Lance K. Stell: Responsibility for Health Status16. Patricia S. Mann: Healthcare Justice and Political Agency 201117. Mark Sheehan andTony Hope: Allocating Healthcare Resources in the UK: Putting Principles into Practice18. John W. Lango: Global Health, Human Rights, and Distributive Justice19. Michael Ashley Stein, Janet E. Lord, and Dorothy Weiss: Equal Access to Health Care Under the UN Disability Rights ConventionIII. Populations20. Patricia Smith: Justice, Health, and the Price of Poverty unchanged21. Howard McGary: Racial Groups, Distrust, and the Distribution of Health Care22. Rosemarie Tong: Gender Justice in the Health Care System: An Elusive Goal23. Timothy F. Murphy: Justice for Gay and Lesbian People in Health Care24. Anita Silvers: Health Care for Chronically Ill and Disabled Patients: A Deficiency in Bioethics and How to Cure It25. Eva Feder Kittay: Getting from Here to There: Claiming Justice for the Severely Congnitively Disabled26. David Wasserman and Jeff McMahan: Cognitive Surrogacy, Assisted Participation, and Moral Status27. Loretta M. Kopelman: Health Care Reform and Children's Right to Health Care: A Modest Proposal28. Ian R. Holzman: Premature and Compromised Neonates29. Leslie Pickering Francis: Age Rationing Under Conditions of Injustice30. Fritz Allhoff: Health Care for Soldiers31. Kenneth Kipnis: Social Justice and Correctional Health ServicesIV. Dilemmas and Priorities32. Robert T. Pennock: Are Pre-Existing Condition Exclusion Clauses Just?: Lessons from Causal and Ethical Considerations Regarding Genetic Testing33. David Ozar and James Sabin: Oral and Mental Health Services34. E. Haavi Morreim: Limits of Science and Boundaries of Access: Alternative Health Care35. James Lindemann Nelson: Just Expectations: Family Caregivers, Practical Identities and Social Justice in the Provision of Health Care36. David R. Buchanan and Franklin G. Miller: Justice in Research on Human Subjects37. Leonard M.Fleck: Just Genetics: The Ethical Challenges of Personalized Medicine38. Jeffrey Botkin, Rebecca Anderson and Erin Rothwell: Expanded Newborn Screening: Contemporary Challenges to the Parens Patriae Doctrine and the Use of Public Resources39. James Hitt and Michael Nair-Collins: Justice, Profound Neurological Injury, and Brain Death40. Rosamond Rhodes and Thomas Schiano: Justice in Transplant Organ Allocation41. Leslie Francis and Margaret P. Battin: Justice in Planning for Pandemic and Disasters42. David A. Hyman and Charles Silver: Justice Has (Almost) Nothing to Do With It: Medical Malpractice and Tort Reform

Editorial Reviews

"Impressively, the editors have chosen an array of essays that explore the philosophical and bioethical foundations of distributive justice; review the current practice of rationing and patients' access to care in a number of different countries; highlight the issues raised by various specialneeds groups; and then wrestle with some dilemmas in assessing priorities in distributing healthcare... This book is an excellent resource. " --Doody's