Metaphors We Live By by George LakoffMetaphors We Live By by George Lakoff

Metaphors We Live By

byGeorge Lakoff

Paperback | April 15, 2003

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The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind. Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects. Because such metaphors structure our most basic understandings of our experience, they are "metaphors we live by"—metaphors that can shape our perceptions and actions without our ever noticing them.

In this updated edition of Lakoff and Johnson's influential book, the authors supply an afterword surveying how their theory of metaphor has developed within the cognitive sciences to become central to the contemporary understanding of how we think and how we express our thoughts in language.
George Lakoff is a professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of, among other books, Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things and Moral Politics, both published by the University of Chicago Press. Mark Johnson is the Knight Professor of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of ...
Title:Metaphors We Live ByFormat:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 8.5 × 5.5 × 0.9 inPublished:April 15, 2003Publisher:University of Chicago Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0226468011

ISBN - 13:9780226468013

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Rated 4 out of 5 by from Great Resource This book breaks down how (Western culture English) metaphors work in the English language, and particularly, how to understand them. This is not some book that'll teach you how to write poetry, but breaks down the metaphor we use in daily language that we may not even be aware exists or functions as metaphor. More importantly for me, an ESL teacher, it is accessible as a language tool and makes metaphor, which is really essential to mastering the English language, an aspect of English that can be understood by a second language learner. As a teacher, I found this a great resource for my classroom and helped me to view language in a way that was abstract, and simultaneously concrete.
Date published: 2010-02-11

Table of Contents


1. Concepts We Live By
2. The Systematicity of Metaphorical Concepts
3. Metaphorical Systematicity: Highlighting and Hiding
4. Orientational Metaphors
5. Metaphor and Cultural Coherence
6. Ontological Metaphors
7. Personification
8. Metonymy
9. Challenges to Metaphorical Coherence
10. Some Further Examples
11. The Partial Nature of Metaphorical Structuring
12. How Is Our Conceptual System Grounded?
13. The Grounding of Structural Metaphors
14. Causation: Partly Emergent and Partly Metaphorical
15. The Coherent Structuring of Experience
16. Metaphorical Coherence
17. Complex Coherences across Metaphors
18. Some Consequences for Theories of Conceptual Structure
19. Definition and Understanding
20. How Metaphor Can Give Meaning to Form
21. New Meaning
22. The Creation of Similarity
23. Metaphor, Truth, and Action
24. Truth
25. The Myths of Objectivism and Subjectivism
26. The Myth of Objectivism in Western Philosophy and Linguistics
27. How Metaphor Reveals the Limitations of the Myth of Objectivism
28. Some Inadequacies of the Myth of Subjectivism
29. The Experientialist Alternative: Giving New Meaning to the Old Myths
30. Understanding


From Our Editors

"An engaging, accessible discussion, replete with examples, of the varieties of metaphor and how they work". -- Mary Sirridge, Teaching Philosophy