Mexico, The End Of The Revolution

Hardcover | October 1, 2001

byDonald Clark Hodges, Ross Gandy

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This study reveals how the social pact, formalized during the armed stage of the Mexican Revolution (1910-20) and implemented during the second stage (1920-40), was upset during the third or arrested stage (1940-70) when the bureaucrat-professionals at the helm opted for intensive economic development by taking the capitalist road. Although momentarily revived during yet a fourth stage of revolution (1970-82), this social pact was subsequently betrayed from within by the official party of the Revolution and undermined from without by the operation of economic forces behind the scenes. In this first book on the complete history of the Mexican Revolution, Hodges and Gandy reveal that, along with the end of its social pact, Mexico passed out of its former nationalist and capitalist orbit to enter the new professional societies and global order fathered by the transnationals. From 1920 to 1970, Mexico's bureaucrat-professionals hung onto political power while native capitalists continued to flourish. In response, Mexico's workers and peasants staged strikes against the nationalized sector and fomented guerrilla wars. Concessions were then made to this group until, beginning in 1982, the social pact was again eroded at the expense, not only of the popular sectors, but also of the capitalists. The economic surplus was redistributed away from owners and into the pockets of professionals. That was the Revolution's last gasp before it was officially put to rest in 2000 with the official party's defeat at the polls. Hodges and Gandy challenge the current belief that Mexico's economic system is still capitalist by presenting statistical evidence that shows how the chief beneficiaries of theeconomy are no longer the providers of capital, but instead the providers of professional services.

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This study reveals how the social pact, formalized during the armed stage of the Mexican Revolution (1910-20) and implemented during the second stage (1920-40), was upset during the third or arrested stage (1940-70) when the bureaucrat-professionals at the helm opted for intensive economic development by taking the capitalist road. Alt...

Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.04 × 6.9 × 0.86 inPublished:October 1, 2001Publisher:Praeger PublishersLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0275973301

ISBN - 13:9780275973308

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?Hodges and Gandy have written one of the most informed, informative, and interesting analyses available of 20th-century Mexico. With an ideological perspective neither hidden nor heavy-handed, the book is eminently readable, with dozens of delightfully quotable phrases. The selected bibliography obscures the considerable reading and magisterial familiarity with Mexican government, society, and politics. The authors offer the best explanation presently available of the quandary of Mexican economic development, in which neither state policies nor massive external investment has altered the routine of daily life for the vast majority of citizens. Their principal thesis is that an overwhelming number of analysts of the Mexican Revolution have failed to grasp the true significance of the revolution that occurred after 1910. With highly persuasive facts and figures, Hodges and Gandy convincingly show that the revolutionary changes in modern Mexico ended not with the victory of capitalism--in any combination of foreign and domestic capitalists--but in a rapacious bureaucracy that absorbs more of the gross domestic output than either salaried workers or corporate profit seekers. Mexico, they claim, is dominated by "bureaupreneurs instead of entrepreneurs." Highly recommended for all levels and collections.?-Choice