Between 1988 and 1995, the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission closed down 97 bases and realigned over 350 other bases. A hot button topic in the military field, base-closings is an important issue that affects not only soldiers, but ordinary citizens as well. Due to their massive economic significance for local and regional communities, military bases impact thousands of people, and thus encompass various political interests between local, state, and national levels. This reference work investigates the politics and key political figures involved in base-closing decisions, and considers various reasons why bases have been and continue to be closed down. An overview of the U.S. military base infrastructure as well as primary documents are included to help students understand the BRAC Commission process between 1988-2005. Ideal for high school, undergraduate, and graduate students, this comprehensive handbook is the only complete reference guide to military base closings. Chapters in Part I include: BL Military Base Structure in the U.S.: History and Evolution BLReasons for Base Closure BLBase Closure Process BLAn Examination of the 2005 BRAC BLConclusions and LessonsBLPart II includes profiles of key bases, affected by the BRAC process. Part III includes the following key documents: A list of bases closed by BRAC by year and state. Civilian jobs impacted by BRAC. A chronology of the 2005 BRAC round. This user-friendly resource offers students and general readers alike a complete assessment of military base-closings and their effects on our society.