This volume documents military advances in personnel measurement technology and practices. The military is the unquestionable forerunner of this technology. Until now some of this knowledge has not been easily accessible to the scientific community at large. This book highlights advances in enlisted personnel screening and selection from World War I to the present. It foresees the future era of testing, through the use of Item Response Theory, computerized adaptive testing, and the development of new computerized tests. The contributors study the use of computer systems to address "person-job match" and "vocational guidance." They also describe selection to various officer candidate programs and examine the criteria of enlisted performance during peacetime. Military Personnel Measurement covers the full scope of military personnel technology and includes discussions of current topics including: computerized vocational guidance systems; advances in vocational testing; personnel classification; evaluations of enlisted performance. Students and professionals in the areas of personnel management, business administration, military studies, or anyone interested in the use of new technology in the testing and evaluation of personnel, will find Military Personnel Measurement a valuable resource.