Mineral And Thermal Groundwater Resources by M. AlbuMineral And Thermal Groundwater Resources by M. Albu

Mineral And Thermal Groundwater Resources

byM. AlbuEditorD. Banks, H. Nash

Paperback | November 6, 2012

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Is it not generally believed that our town is a healthy place . . . a place highly com­ mended on this score both for the sick andfor the healthy? . . And then these Baths - the so-called 'artery' of the town, or the 'nerve centre' . . . Do you know what they are in reality, these great and splendid and glorious Baths that have cost so much money? . . A most serious danger to health! All that filth up in Melledal, where there's such an awful stench - it's all seeping into the pipes that lead to the pump-room! Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People, 1882 Henrik Ibsen gave the 'truth about mineral water' more than 100 years ago in An Enemy of the People. His examples came not from the decadent bathing spas of Bohemia or Victorian Britain, but from the very edge of polite society, subarctic Norway! His masterpiece illustrates the central role that groundwaters and, in particular, mineral waters have played in the history of humanity: their economic importance for towns, their magnetism for pilgrims searching for cures, the political intrigues, the arguments over purported beneficent or maleficent health effects and, finally, their contami­ nation by anthropogenic activity, in Ibsen's case by wastes from a tannery. This book addresses the occurrence, properties and uses of mineral and thermal groundwaters. The use of these resources for heating, personal hygiene, curative and recreational purposes is deeply integrated in the history of civilization.
Title:Mineral And Thermal Groundwater ResourcesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:447 pagesPublished:November 6, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401064709

ISBN - 13:9789401064705

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Table of Contents

One Mineral and Thermal Groundwater Resources.- 1 History of mineral and thermal waters.- 1.1 Therapeutic waters.- 1.2 Mineral extraction from ground waters.- 1.3 Bottling of mineral waters.- 1.4 Energy from thermal waters.- 2 Uses of mineral and thermal waters.- 2.1 Mineral waters.- 2.2 Therapeutic spas.- 2.3 Regulations governing mineral and bottled waters.- 2.4 Geothermal energy.- 3 Hydrogeochemistry and origin of mineral waters.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Chemical evolution of groundwater.- 3.3 Hydrochemical principles.- 3.4 Evolution of groundwater in a stratabound aquifer.- 3.5 Evolution of groundwater in crystalline rocks.- 3.6 Radioactive mineral waters.- 3.7 Categories of mineral waters.- 3.8 Isotope hydrochemistry, water origins and groundwater dating.- 4 Thermal water systems.- 4.1 Heat production and heat flow.- 4.2 Heat transport.- 4.3 Geothermal systems.- 4.4 Thermal water systems.- 4.5 Origins and chemistry of thermal waters.- 5 Investigation of mineral and thermal water systems.- 5.1 Stages of investigation.- 5.2 The resource base.- 5.3 Exploration.- 5.4 Estimation of the potential yield of mineral waters.- 5.5 Methods for estimating the quantity of heat stored in thermal water systems.- 6 Modelling of groundwater systems.- 6.1 Conceptual models.- 6.2 Constructing a model.- 6.3 Fundamental equations.- 6.4 Analytical modelling.- 6.5 Numerical modelling.- 6.6 Comparison of modelling methods.- 7 Exploitation and management of mineral and thermal waters.- 7.1 Abstraction of mineral waters.- 7.2 Abstraction of thermal waters.- 7.3 Drilling and borehole construction.- 7.4 Scaling and corrosion.- 7.5 Transport.- 7.6 Heat recoverability.- 7.7 Heat regeneration.- 7.8 Resource management.- 8 Environmental issues and conservation.- 8.1 Anthropogenic impacts.- 8.2 Concerns of mineral water exploitation.- 8.3 Protection of mineral water resources.- 8.4 Impacts of exploitation of thermal waters.- 8.5 Operational characterization of resource conservation.- Two Case Studies.- 9 Geothermal energy in Iceland.- 9.1 Geological outline.- 9.2 Geothermal activity, hydrogeology and chemistry.- 9.3 History of exploitation of geothermal resources.- 9.4 Case studies.- Acknowledgments.- 10 The spas of England.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 The spas of London and Surrey.- 10.3 The 'wyches' of Mercia and Cheshire.- 10.4 Other Mercian spas.- 10.5 Spas of the Carboniferous limestone of the White Peak.- 10.6 Harrogate spas.- 10.7 Bath.- 11 Geothermal and mineral water resources of Lithuania.- 11.1 Geological context.- 11.2 Mineral waters of Lithuania.- 11.3 Geothermal energy.- 12 Natural mineral waters of Mineralnye Vody region of north Caucasus, CIS.- 12.1 Introduction.- 12.2 Geography.- 12.3 Geology.- 12.4 Hydrogeology.- 12.5 Narzan bottled water source.- 12.6 Resource management.- 12.7 Narzan water quality.- 13 Geological, hydrochemical, regulatory and economic aspects of natural packaged water production: Nordland County, Norway.- 13.1 Introduction.- 13.2 Methodology.- 13.3 Geology and hydrogeology.- 13.4 Spring water, mineral water or packaged water?.- 13.5 Hydrogeochemistry.- 13.6 Logistical considerations 3.- 13.7 Export possibilities.- 13.8 Discussion and conclusions.- Acknowledgments.- 14 The mineral and thermal waters of the KruÅ¡né Hory rift valley, Czech Republic.- 14.1 Introduction.- 14.2 Karlovy Vary.- 14.3 Mariánské Lázn?.- 14.4 Frantiskovy Lázn?.- 14.5 Hájek-Soos.- 14.6 Jáchymov.- 15 The spa of Buzia?, Romania.- 15.1 Position and brief history.- 15.2 Geology and occurrence of groundwater.- 15.3 The mineral water resource.- 15.4 Exploitation of mineral waters.- 15.5 Utilization of mineral waters.- 15.6 Optimization of exploitation.- 15.7 Protection and conservation of sources.- 16 Optimization of exploitation of geothermal reservoirs in the Pannonian Basin, Romania.- 16.1 Introduction.- 16.2 Reservoir characteristics.- 16.3 Specific management approaches.- 16.4 Single well analysis.- 16.5 Well field analysis.- 16.6 Final Remarks.- Acknowledgments.- References.