Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Paperback | September 18, 2003

EditorMatthew Shugart, Martin P. Wattenberg

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Mixed-member electoral systems may well be the electoral reform of the 21st century, much as proportional representation (PR) was in the 20th century. In the view of many electoral reformers, mixed-member systems offer the best of both the traditional British single-seat district system andPR systems. This book seeks to evaluate: why mixed-member systems have recently appealed to many countries with diverse electoral histories; and how well expectations for these systems have been met. Each major country, which has adopted a mixed system thus, has two chapters in this book, one onorigins and one on consequences. These countries are Germany, New Zealand, Italy, Israel, Japan, Venezuela, Bolivia, Mexico, Hungary, and Russia. In addition, there are also chapters on the prospects for a mixed-member system being adopted in Britain and Canada, respectively.The material presented suggests that mixed-member systems have been largely successful thus far. They appear to be more likely than most other electoral systems to generate two-bloc party systems, without in the process reducing minor parties to insignificance. In addition, they are more likelythan any other class of electoral system to simultaneously generate local accountability as well as a nationally-oriented party system.Mixed-member electoral systems have now joined majoritarian and proportional systems as basic options which must be considered whenever electoral systems are designed or redesigned. Such a development represents a fundamental change in thinking about electoral systems around the world.

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Mixed-member electoral systems may well be the electoral reform of the 21st century, much as proportional representation (PR) was in the 20th century. In the view of many electoral reformers, mixed-member systems offer the best of both the traditional British single-seat district system andPR systems. This book seeks to evaluate: why ...

Matthew Soberg Shugart is at University of California, San Diego. Martin P. Wattenberg is at University of California, Irvine.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:672 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.41 inPublished:September 18, 2003Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019925768X

ISBN - 13:9780199257683

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Table of Contents

Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg: Introduction: The Electoral Reform of the Twenty-first Century?Part I: Placing Mixed-Member Systems in the World of Electoral SystemsMatthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg: Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: A Definition and TypologyMatthew Shugart: Extreme Electoral Systems and the Appeal of the Mixed-Member AlternativePart II: Origins of Mixed-Member SystemsSusan E. Scarrow: Germany: The Mixed-Member System as a Political CompromiseDavid Denemark: Choosing MMP in New Zealand: Explaining the 1993 Electoral ReformRichard S. Katz: Reforming the Italian Electoral Law, 1993Gideon Rahat: The Politics of Reform in Israel: How the Israeli Mixed System Came to BeSteven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies: The Causes of Electoral Reform in JapanBrian F. Crisp and Juan Carlos Rey: The Sources of Electoral Reform in VenezuelaRene Antonio Mayorga: Electoral Reform in Bolivia: Origins of the Mixed-Member Proportional SystemJuan Molinar Horcasitas and Jeffrey Weldon: Reforming Electoral Systems in MexicoJohn W. Schiemann: Hedging Against Uncertainty: Regime Change and the Origins of Hungary's Mixed-Member SystemRobert G. Moser and Frank C. Thames, Jr.: Compromise Amidst Political Conflict: The Origins of Russia's Mixed-Member SystemPart III: Consequences of Mixed-Member SystemsHans-Dieter Klingemann and Bernhard Wessels: The Political Consequences of Germany's Mixed-Member System: Personalization at the Grass Roots?Fiona Barker, Jonathan Boston, Stephen Levine, Elizabeth McLeay and Nigel S. Roberts: An Initial Assessment of the Consequences of MMP in New ZealandRoberto D'Alimonte: Mixed Electoral Rules, Partisan Realignment, and Party System Change in ItalyReuven Y. Hazan: The Israeli Mixed Electoral System: Unexpected Reciprocal and Cumulative ConsequencesSteven R. Reed and Michael F. Thies: The Consequences of Electoral Reform in JapanMichael R. Kulisheck and Brian F. Crisp: The Legislative Consequences of MMP Electoral Rules in VenezuelaRene Antonio Mayorga: The Mixed-Member Proportional System and its Consequences in BoliviaJeffrey Weldon: The Consequences of The Mexicos Mixed Electoral System, 1988-1997Kenneth Benoit: Evaluating Hungary's Mixed-Member Electoral SystemRobert G. Moser: The Consequences of Russia's Mixed-Member Electoral SystemPart IV: Prospects for Reform in Other CountriesDavid M. Farrell: The United Kingdom Comes of Age: The British Electoral Reform Revolution of the 1990sR. Kent Weaver: Electoral Rules and Electoral Reform in CanadaConclusionMatthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg: Are Mixed-Member Systems the Best of Both Worlds?

Editorial Reviews

`The core of the book ... will have lasting value for its detail, and for the clear evidence that no genralisations can be drawn. ...the editors' contributions are excellent... As a whole, the book will provide an important reference work for the study of what, in their words, 'might prove tobe the electoral reform of the twenty-first century''Political Parties