Modern Greece: What Everyone Needs to Know

Paperback | April 15, 2015

byStathis Kalyvas

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When Greece's economic troubles began to threaten the stability of the European Union in 2010, the nation found itself in the center of a whirlwind of international finger-pointing. In the few years prior, Greece appeared to be politically secure and economically healthy. Upon its emergence inthe center of the European economic maelstrom, however, observers and critics cited a century of economic hurdles, dictatorships, revolutions, and more reasons as to why their current crisis was understandable, if not predictable. The ancient birthplace of democracy and countless artistic, literary, philosophical, and scientific developments had struggled to catch-up to its economically-thriving neighbors in Western Europe for years and quickly became the most seriously economically-troubled European country following afiscal nosedive beginning in 2008. When the deficit and unemployment skyrocketed, the resulting austerity measures triggered widespread social unrest. The entire world turned its focus toward the troubled nation, waiting for the possibility of a Greek exit from the European Monetary Union and its potential to unravel the entire Union, with other weaker members heading for the exit as well. The effects of Greece's crisis are tied up also in theglobal arguments about austerity, with many viewing it as necessary medicine, and still others seeing austerity as an intellectually bankrupt approach to fiscal policy that only further damages weak economies. In Greece: What Everyone Needs to KnowRG, Stathis Kalyvas, an eminent scholar of conflict, Europe, and Greece, begins by elucidating the crisis's impact on contemporary Greek society. He then shifts his focus to modern Greek history, tracing the nation's development from the early nineteenth centuryto the present. Key episodes include the independence movement of the early nineteenth century, the massive ethnic cleansing in Turkey and Greece following World War I, the German occupation in World War II, the following brutal civil war, the conflict with Turkey over Cyprus, the military coup of1967, and democracy at long last and entry into the European Union. The final part of the book covers the recent crisis in detail. Written by one of the most brilliant political scientists in the academy, Greece is the go-to resource for understanding both the current crisis and the historical events that brought the country to where it is now.

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When Greece's economic troubles began to threaten the stability of the European Union in 2010, the nation found itself in the center of a whirlwind of international finger-pointing. In the few years prior, Greece appeared to be politically secure and economically healthy. Upon its emergence inthe center of the European economic maelstr...

Stathis N. Kalyvas is Arnold Wolfers Professor of Political Science and Director of the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence at Yale University. He is the author of The Logic of Violence in Civil War and The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe, and the co-editor of Order, Conflict and Violence. He has received several awards, inc...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pages, 8.25 × 5.5 × 0.68 inPublished:April 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199948798

ISBN - 13:9780199948796

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Modern Greece as a projectDid Modern Greece spring from Ancient Greece?How did the Greek National movement begin?What were the social sources of Greek Nationalism?Who were the Nationalists?How did Greece secede from the Ottoman Empire?Who rebelled?How did a Greek state emerge out of the war?How did international politics impact on the war?What was the European reaction to the Modern Greek project?How was the new state built?Why was nation-building successful?What was the state of the economy in 19th century Greece?How did democracy come to Greece?How did the new democratic institutions operate?How did Greece become a national of small land-holders?2. State Consolidation and National ExpansionWhat was the fate of Trikoupis' modernization project?What was the Great Idea?Who were the unredeemed Greeks?What were the consequences of irredentist foreign policy?What was the Macedonian Conflict?How did Greece double its territory?What was the National Schism?What was the Anatolian Disaster?What was the impact of the Anatolian Disaster?How did the military become politicized?How popular was communism in Greece?3. War, Occupation, and Civil WarWhat were the causes of the Greek Civil War?How did the occupation morph into civil war?What explains the rise of the communists?Why did KKE's competitors in the resistance fail?What drove collaboration in Greece?How was the postwar fate of Greece sealed?How did Greece become the frontline of the Cold War?Why did the winners win and the losers lose?What is the legacy of the Civil War4. The Greek Miracle and Its AftermathHow did Greece take off?What Greece a democracy?What caused the April 1967 coup?Why was the transition to democracy so smooth?What was Greek Socialism and what explains its success?What was the impact of EU membership?Is Greek politics clientelistic?Why are Greeks and Turks fighting?5. The 2010 CrisisWas the adoption of the Euro a good idea for Greece?How did Greece end up with an explosive debt?What has been the effect of the austerity program and the IMF/ECB/EU bailout?ConclusionWhat are the broader lessons of the Greek story?What does the future hold for Greece?