Modern Political Institutions by Simeon Eben BaldwinModern Political Institutions by Simeon Eben Baldwin

Modern Political Institutions

bySimeon Eben Baldwin

Paperback | January 30, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1898. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER VI FREEDOM OF INCORPORATION THE Romans made the world over again, but among their many achievements none was more durable in its effects on the civilization of mankind than the invention of the corporation as an instrument of government and of trade. The very word "civilization" describes the condition of the citizen of a municipal corporation,--a city or a city-State. In the nature of things, of course, every sovereign and independent government claims the attributes of perpetuity and personality. What the Romans did was to establish in men's minds the conception of perpetual personalities of a lesser rank, subordinate to the State; each in its own small sphere subserving the interests of the State in the support of its political institutions, or the promotion of industry and commerce. The city-State, as a public corporation, had always been known since the beginning of history. It was the first form of any real political organization. The group of neighboring villages, uniting around some common fortress of defence into a tribal settlement, grew to be a city, and the city came to be a State; governing dependent communities, in which perhaps other cities might be included. Such had been Nineveh, Babylon, Athens. What the Romans did, as far as municipal corporations are concerned, was to show how self governing cities could belong to a city-State, subject to it as to national affairs, and practically independent of it as to local affairs. They treated every such place as if it were a human being, possessing the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness in his own way, and yet owing allegiance to his sovereign and such public duties as allegiance implied. It was an application of the doctrines of private law, not to the relations of Stat...
Title:Modern Political InstitutionsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:102 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.21 inPublished:January 30, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217317219

ISBN - 13:9780217317214