Modernism and the New Spain: Britain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History

Paperback | December 15, 2014

byGayle Rogers

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How and why did a country seen as remote, backwards, and barely European become a pivotal site for reinventing the continent after the Great War? Modernism and the New Spain argues that the "Spanish problem" - the nation's historically troubled relationship with Europe - provided an animatingimpulse for interwar literary modernism and for new conceptions of cosmopolitanism. Drawing on works in a variety of genres, Gayle Rogers reconstructs an archive of cross-cultural exchanges to reveal the mutual constitution of two modernist movements-one in Britain, the other in Spain, andstretching at key moments in between to Ireland and the Americas. Several sites of transnational collaboration form the core of Rogers's innovative literary history. The relationship between T. S. Eliot's Criterion and Jose Ortega y Gasset's Revista de Occidente shows how the two journals joined to promote a cosmopolitan agenda. A similar case of kindred spirits appears with the 1922 publication of Joyce's Ulysses. The novel's forward-thinking sentiments on raceand nation resonated powerfully within Spain, where a generation of writers searched for non-statist forms through which they might express a new European Hispanicity. These cultural ties between the Anglo-Irish and Spanish-speaking worlds increased with the outbreak of civil war in 1936. Rogersexplores the connections between fighting Spanish fascism and dismantling the English patriarchal system in Virginia Woolf's Three Guineas, along with the international, anti-fascist poetic community formed by Stephen Spender, Manuel Altolaguirre, and others as they sought to establish FedericoGarcia Lorca as an apolitical Spanish-European poet.Mining a rich array of sources that includes novels, periodicals, biographies, translations, and poetry in English and in Spanish, Modernism and the New Spain adds a vital new international perspective to modernist studies, revealing how writers created alliances that unified local and internationalreforms to reinvent Europe not in the London-Paris-Berlin nexus, but in Madrid.

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How and why did a country seen as remote, backwards, and barely European become a pivotal site for reinventing the continent after the Great War? Modernism and the New Spain argues that the "Spanish problem" - the nation's historically troubled relationship with Europe - provided an animatingimpulse for interwar literary modernism and ...

Gayle Rogers is Associate Professor of English at the University of Pittsburgh.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 9.02 × 6.1 × 0.79 inPublished:December 15, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190207337

ISBN - 13:9780190207335

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The Question of Spain and the Cultural Map of Interwar Europe1. An Anglo-Spanish Vanguard: The Criterion, the Revista de Occidente, and the Periodical Project of the New Europe2. Joyce and the Spanish Ulysses3. Lytton Strachey and La nueva biograf!a in Spain: Avant-garde Literature, the New Liberalism, and the Ruins of the Nineteenth Century4. Virginia Woolf and the Spanish Civil War: Three Guineas, Victoria Ocampo, and International Feminism5. Spain in Translation and Revision: Spender, Altolaguirre, and Lorca in British Literary CultureConclusion: Modernism, War, and the Memory of Spain after 1939Appendix: Antonio Marichalar, "James Joyce in His Labyrinth"

Editorial Reviews

"[A] beautiful, rigorous contribution to Modernist Studies that brings a fresh look at this intense period between the two wars." --Melanges de la Casa de Velazquez