Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches

Paperback | April 30, 1999

EditorStephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard, Peter Railton

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What are ethical judgments about? And what is their relation to practice? How can ethical judgment aspire to objectivity? The past two decades have witnessed a resurgence of interest in metaethics, placing questions such as these about the nature and status of ethical judgment at the verycenter of contemporary moral philosophy. Moral Discourse and Practice: Some Philosophical Approaches is a unique anthology which collects important recent work, much of which is not easily available elsewhere, on core metaethical issues. Naturalist moral realism, once devastated by the charge of "naturalistic fallacy," has beenreinvigorated, as have versions of moral realism that insist on the discontinuity between ethics and science. Irrealist, expressivist programs have also developed with great subtlety, encouraging the thought that a noncognivist account may actually be able to explain ethical judgments' aspirationsto objectivity. Neo-Kantian constructivist theories have flourished as well, offering hope that morality can be grounded in a plausible conception of reasonable conduct. Together, the positions advanced in the essays collected here address these recent developments, constituting a rich array ofapproaches to contemporary moral philosophy's most fundamental debates. An extensive introduction by Darwall, Gibbard, and Railton is also included, making this volume the most comprehensive and up-to-date work of its kind. Moral Discourse is ideally suited for use in courses in contemporary ethics,ethical theory, and metaethics.

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What are ethical judgments about? And what is their relation to practice? How can ethical judgment aspire to objectivity? The past two decades have witnessed a resurgence of interest in metaethics, placing questions such as these about the nature and status of ethical judgment at the verycenter of contemporary moral philosophy. Moral...

Stephen Darwall, Allan Gibbard, and Peter Railton are all at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 6.1 × 9.09 × 0.91 inPublished:April 30, 1999Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019509669X

ISBN - 13:9780195096699

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Table of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION1. Darwall, Gibbard, Railton: Toward Fin de Siecle Ethics: Some TrendsII. PROBLEMS2. G. E. Moore: From Principia Ethica3. Ludwig Wittgenstein: Lecture on Ethics4. Charles Stevenson: The Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms5. Gilbert Harman: Ethics and Observation6. J. L. Mackie: From Ethics: Inventing Right and WrongIII. METAETHICS A. Realism7. Richard Boyd: How to be a Moral Realist8. Peter Railton: Moral Realism B. ANTIREALISM9. Simon Blackburn: How to Be an Ethical Anti-Realist10. Allan Gibbard: Wise Choices, Apt Feelings C. SENSIBILITY THEORIES11. John McDowell: Value and Secondary Qualities12. John McDowell: Projection and Truth in Ethics D. CONSTRUCTIVISM14. John Rawls: Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory15. T. M. Scanlon: Contractualism and Utilitarianism16. Jurgen Habermas: Discourse Ethics: Notes on a Program of Philosophical JustificationIV. REASONS, MOTIVES, AND THE DEMANDS OF MORALITY17. Stephen Darwall: Reasons, Motives, and the Demands of Morality: An Introduction18. Philippa Foot: Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives19. Thomas Nagel: From The Possibility of Altruism20. David Gauthier: From Morals By Agreement21. Bernard Williams: Internal and External Reasons22. Christine Korsgaard: Skepticism About Practical Reason23. Christine Korsgaard: The Sources of NormativityBibliography

Editorial Reviews

"An excellent selection--extremely useful for upper-level courses on moral theory."--Troy Jollimore, California State University, Chico