Moral Reasoning: Rediscovering the Ethical Tradition

Paperback | January 31, 2011

byLouis Groarke

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Comprehensive and accessible, Moral Reasoning introduces students to the historical foundations of moral theory and contemporary ethics. Beginning with Aristotle, the text offers a careful, in-depth introduction to the many schools of moral thought that have contributed to Western philosophy,exploring such topics as utilitarianism, deontology, liberalism, human rights, virtue, and religious ethics. With contemporary examples incorporated throughout, this innovative new book fosters critical reflection on topical moral issues, encouraging students to develop a personal moral compass thattranscends peer pressure and ideology.

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Comprehensive and accessible, Moral Reasoning introduces students to the historical foundations of moral theory and contemporary ethics. Beginning with Aristotle, the text offers a careful, in-depth introduction to the many schools of moral thought that have contributed to Western philosophy,exploring such topics as utilitarianism, deo...

Louis Groarke is Associate Professor at St Francis Xavier University, where he teaches Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, Aesthetics, and the Philosophy of Human Nature. He has published papers in journals such as Humanities, The Journal of Value Inquiry, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, and The American Catholic Philosophical ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:480 pages, 9 × 7 × 0.65 inPublished:January 31, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195425618

ISBN - 13:9780195425611

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgements1. IntroductionWhat Is Ethics?To Whom Is This Book Addressed?This Book Presents an Alternative Account of Moral PhilosophyThis Book Is an Account of Virtue Ethics in the Spirit of AristotleWhat Is the Purpose of Ethics?Questions for Study and Review2. Moral Epistemology: We Can Reason about MoralityWhat is Moral Epistemology?How Do We ReasonChallenges to Moral EpistemologyThe 'Is-Ought' FallacyWhy Should I be Moral? A Self-Interested ChallengeMoral Philosophy Requires Objectivity and SubjectivityQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading3. The Early Tradition: From Confucius to Jesus and BeyondIntroductionMaster Kong (Confucius)HeraclitusDemocritusDiogenes the CynicEpicurusEpictetusPyrrhoProtagorasJesusQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading4. Socrates and PlatoIntroductionSocratic TeachingsPlato's TeachingsQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading5. Understanding Moral Theory: AristotleIntroductionOn Happiness (Eudaimonia)On Virtue (Arete)On Practical ReasonOn Means and EndsOn External GoodsOn the Good LifeOn Three Kinds of LifeOn Virtue as HabitOn The Golden MeanOn Morality and ChoiceOn Two Moral FaultsOn Six Character-StylesOn Five Kinds of IntelligenceOn Two Minor Intellectual VirtuesOn Moral Induction and Moral Deduction(More) On First Moral PrinciplesOn Slaves and FriendsQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading6. Understanding Moral Theory: Thomas AquinasIntroductionOn Religion and Morality: The Euthyphro ProblemOn Virtue: Theological and CardinalOn the Cardinal VirtuesOn the Definition of LawOn the Four Kinds of LawOf the Principle of Double EffectOn the Internal and External Structure of Voluntary ActionOn the Three Moral Criteria of a Good ActionA Thomistic Account of IgnoranceQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading7. The Contractarians: Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Karl MarxIntroductionAncient Contractarianism: The Anonymous IamblichiThomas Hobbes and the Beginnings of Modern ContractarianismJohn Locke: Two-Tiered ContactarianismJean-Jacques Rousseau and The State of NatureKarl Marx: Rousseau's LegacyOn Hypothetical AgreementOn Contractarian VirtueQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Futher Reading8. Kant: Duty and Moral LawIntroductionKant and the EnlightenmentOn Reformation TheologyOn DutyMorality Derives from Pure, A Priori ReasonOn HappinessOn Good WillOn Imperatives: Categorical and HypotheticalThe Categorical Imperative: Five Universal FormulationsOn AutonomyCriticisms of Kant's Deontological ApproachQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading9. Utilitarianism and Liberalism: Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart MillIntroductionJeremy Bentham: UtilitarianismJohn Stuart Mill: Moral and Political PhilosophyQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further Reading10. Contemporary Moral TheoryAnti-Theory: A Paradigm Shift in EthicsKierkegaard's Transcendental Subjectivism: Becoming YourselfPersonalism: Persons as the Most Fundamental Moral RealityA Feminist Ethics of Care: Nel NoddingsHuman Rights: Looking at Duty Backwards, PunishmentDivine Command MoralityEcumenical Global Ethics: Agreements between ReligionsEnvironmental Ethics: Beyond Deep EcologyContemporary Contractarianism: Rational AgreementEpilogueQuestions for Study and ReviewSuggestions for Further ReadingGlossaryNotesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"The discussion of main topics is highly readable and accessible, and yet sufficient depth and rigour of discussion is offered. First-time students will find the book both accessible and yet it will challenge their thinking in a way that a good introductory text should... The author has a veryextensive grasp of the subject, one which displays both philosophical insight and pedagogical experience." --David Elliott, University of Regina