Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social…

Hardcover | October 17, 2011

byStephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, Louis A. Penner

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Moving Beyond Self-Interest is an interdisciplinary volume that discusses cutting-edge developments in the science of caring for and helping others. In Part I, contributors raise foundational issues related to human caregiving. They present new theories and data to show how natural selection might have shaped a genuinely altruistic drive to benefit others, how this drive intersects with the attachment and caregiving systems, and how it emergesfrom a broader social engagement system made possible by symbiotic regulation of autonomic physiological states. In Part II, contributors propose a new neurophysiological model of the human caregiving system and present arguments and evidence to show how mammalian neural circuitry that supports parenting might be recruited to direct human cooperation and competition, human empathy, and parental and romanticlove. Part III is devoted to the psychology of human caregiving. Some contributors in this section show how an evolutionary perspective helps us better understand parental investment in and empathic concern for children at risk for, or suffering from, various health, behavioral, and cognitive problems.Other contributors identify circumstances that differentially predict caregiver benefits and costs, and raise the question of whether extreme levels of compassion are actually pathological. The section concludes with a discussion of semantic and conceptual obstacles to the scientific investigationof caregiving. Part IV focuses on possible interfaces between new models of caregiving motivation and economics, political science, and social policy development. In this section, contributors show how the new theory and research discussed in this volume can inform our understanding of economic utility, policiesfor delivering social services (such as health care and education), and hypotheses concerning the origins and development of human society, including some of its more problematic features of nationalism, conflict, and war. The chapters in this volume help readers appreciate the human capacity forengaging in altruistic acts, on both a small and large scale.

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Moving Beyond Self-Interest is an interdisciplinary volume that discusses cutting-edge developments in the science of caring for and helping others. In Part I, contributors raise foundational issues related to human caregiving. They present new theories and data to show how natural selection might have shaped a genuinely altruistic dri...

Stephanie L. Brown is Associate Professor in the Center for Medical Humanities, Compassionate Care, and Bioethics in the Department of Preventive Medicine at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. She is also a faculty member at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. Her scholarly work involves disc...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:320 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:October 17, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195388100

ISBN - 13:9780195388107

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Table of Contents

Part I: Introduction1. R. Michael Brown, Louis A. Penner, and Stephanie L. Brown: Background and Historical PerspectivePart II: Foundations of Caregiving2. Dennis L. Krebs: How Altruistic by Nature?3. Mario Mikiluncer and Phillip R. Shaver: Adult Attachment and Caregiving: Individual Differences in Providing a Safe Haven and Secure Base to Others4. Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter: Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of CaregivingPart III: The Neuroscience of Caregiving Motivation5. Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, and Stephanie Preston: A Model of Human Caregiving Motivation6. Michael Numan: Neural Circuits Regulating Maternal Behavior: Implications for Understanding the Neural Basis of Social Cooperation and Competition7. Jean Decety: Neuroscience of Empathic Responding8. James E. Swain: Parental and Romantic Attachment Systems: Neural Circuits, Genes, and Experiential Contributions to Interpersonal EngagementPart IV: The Psychology of Caregiving Motivation9. Daphne B. Bugental, David A. Beaulieu, and Randy Corpuz: Parental Investment in Caregiving Relationships10. Louis A, Penner, Felicity W. K. Harper, and Terrance L. Albrecht: The Role of Empathic Emotions in Caregiving: Caring for Pediatric Cancer Patients11. Richard Schulz and Joan K. Monin: The Costs and Benefits of Informal Caregiving12. June Gruber and Dacher Keltner: Too Close for Comfort? Lessons from Excesses and Deficits of Compassion in Psychopathology13. Jennifer Crocker and Amy Canevello: Egosystem and Ecosystem: Motivational Perspectives on Caregiving14. Ellen Berscheid: Caregiving in Adult Close RelationshipsPart V: Implications for Economics, Political Science, and Social Policy15. Dylan M. Smith, Stephanie L. Brown, and Mary L. Rigdon: A New View of Utility: Maximizing "Optimal Investment"16. Judith S, Kullberg and J. David Singer: Bringing Neuroscience into Political Science: The Caregiving System and Human Sociopolitical Evolution17. Julian Le Grand: Motivation and the Delivery of Social ServicesStephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, and Louis A. Penner: Epilogue