Multicultural Psychology: Understanding Our Diverse Communities

Paperback | January 14, 2016

byJeffery Mio, Lori Barker, Melanie Domenech Rodriguez

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Multicultural Psychology combines quantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal material to examine multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures in relation to psychology. Using first-person narrative accounts from people of all ages and cultures, this textillustrates compelling topics such as communication, racial and cultural identity, development, racism, differences in worldviews, and immigration.

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Multicultural Psychology combines quantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal material to examine multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures in relation to psychology. Using first-person narrative accounts from people of all ages and cultures, this textillustrates compelling topics such as communication,...

Jeffery S. Mio is Professor in the Psychology and Sociology Department at California State Polytechnic University Pomona. Lori A. Barker is Professor in the Psychology and Sociology Department at California State Polytechnic University Pomona. Melanie M. Domenech Rodriguez is Professor of Psychology at Utah State University.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:464 pages, 9.09 × 7.28 × 0.91 inPublished:January 14, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190460857

ISBN - 13:9780190460853

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Table of Contents

1. What Is Multicultural Psychology?What is Multicultural Psychology?- Narrow and Broad Definitions of Culture- Culture and Worldview- What Is Race?- Multicultural Psychology versus Cross-Cultural PsychologyMulticulturalism as a PhilosophyWhy Do We Need the Field of Multicultural Psychology?Multiculturalism as the Fourth ForceUnderstanding the Cultural Context of Behavior: The Biopsychosocial ModelThe Basic Tenets of Multicultural TheoryHistorical Background- Dubious Beginnings- We Begin to Define Ourselves- Gender Differences- Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual IssuesThe Rise of Multiculturalism2. Multicultural Issues Involving Research and Testing- Research Methods in Psychology- The General Research Model- The White Standard- Internal versus External ValidityQuantitative versus Qualitative Research- Quantitative Approaches- Qualitative Approaches- Equivalence of Measures- Qualitative Approaches and Gender- Qualitative Approaches and Older PopulationsExperimental DesignsPsychological Testing- Intelligence Testing- Intelligence, Context, and Older Adults- Alternative Conceptions of Intelligence- Personality and Diagnostic Testing3. Cultural Differences in Worldviews- Different Perspectives for Looking at Cultures- Imposing a Worldview- Understanding Differences from Within- Male and Female Perspectives- Well-Meaning ClashesIndividualism versus Collectivism- The Individual and Society- Guilt versus Shame- Face Giving and Social SupportValue Orientation and Worldviews- Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation Model- Derald Wing Sue's Worldview ModelEthnic Minority WorldviewWorldview of WomenWorldview of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals4. Cultural Differences in Communication- Conversational RulesNonverbal Aspects of Language- Proxemics- Kinesics- ParalanguageHigh- versus Low-Context Communication- Direct versus Indirect Communication- Ethnic Minority Patterns of CommunicationAfrican AmericansLatinos/as American Indians- Communication Patterns of the ElderlyGender Differences in CommunicationBilingual Communication- Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism- Social Consequences of Bilingualism5. Immigrants, Refugees, and the Acculturation Process- Immigrants and Refugees- Immigrants- RefugeesCommon Experiences of Immigrants and Refugees- Language Barriers- Support Networks- Family Hierarchies- New Family Roles- Employment- EducationAcculturation- "Old" and "New" Immigrants- Models of Acculturation- Acculturation of Immigrants- Acculturation of Ethnic Minority Populations- The Migration Process- Ecological Context and Fit6. Stereotyping, Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism- Categorizations of Race and Ethnicity- Stereotype Threat- The Development of Negative StereotypesRacism- Overt versus Covert Racism- The Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Case of Covert, Unintentional Racism?- Aversive Racism- Colorblind Ideology- Internalized Oppression- Racial Microaggressions- Microaggressions Broadly Defined- White Privilege7. Cultural Identity DevelopmentA Model of Personal IdentityRacial Identity Development- African American Identity Development- White Identity Development- Chicano/Latino Identity Development- Asian American/Pilipino American Identity Development- Multiracial Identity Development- Gay/Lesbian Identity Development- Racial and Cultural Identity Development Model- Other IdentitiesA Critique of the Stage ModelsMultiple Layering of Identities8. Culture and HealthHealth and Health BehaviorsHealth and Health BehaviorsCauses of Health Disparities- Racism- Poverty- Structural Barriers- Access to the Health Care System- Differential TreatmentMistrust of the Health Care SystemWhy Should We Care?Bringing about ChangeSickle Cell Anemia: A Case Study9. Culture and Mental Health- Culture and DiagnosisThe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: A Classification System- Culture and the Expression of Symptoms- Cultural Group Differences and Mental HealthThe Epidemiologic Catchment Area Project (ECA)The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES)Ethnic/Racial Groups Not Well Represented in the Large- Epidemiological StudiesCritique of the Epidemiologic StudiesConclusions from Existing Data- Gender Differences- Culture-Bound SyndromesEating Disorders: An American Culture-Bound Syndrome?Culture and the Treatment of Mental Disorders- Underutilization of Mental Health Services- Barriers to TreatmentCulture-Bound Values as BarriersClass-Bound Values as BarriersLanguage Variables as a Barrier- Experience with Racism- Culturally Sensitive Therapeutic Approaches- The Training of Mental Health Professionals: Multicultural Competence- Cultural Matching- Culture-Specific TherapiesExample of a Culture-Specific Approach: African-Centered- Psychology- Treatment Issues and Strategies for Sexual Minorities10. Where Do We Go From Here? Building Multicultural CompetenceHow to Increase Your Multicultural Competence:The Multicultural CompetenciesAwareness of Your Own Cultural AttitudesThe Four F Reactions: Freeze, Flee, Flight, and FrightThe Five D's of Difference- Distancing- Denial- Defensiveness- Devaluing- DiscoveryThe Three S's of Similarity- Simple- Safe- SaneExamining Your Biases, Prejudices, and StereotypesLearning about Your Own CultureUnderstanding Other Worldviews- Learning Key Historical Events- Becoming Aware of Sociopolitical Issues- Knowing Basic Values and Beliefs- Understanding Cultural Practices- Knowing the Dynamics of Racism, Discrimination, and StereotypingDevelopment of Culturally Appropriate Interpersonal Skills- Education and Training- Experience and Practice- Saying "I Don't Know" and Asking Questions- Travel- Speaking Up for Others: Being an Ally- Speaking Up for Oneself- Comfort with Difficult Dialogues- Developing EmpathyA Change in World ViewSummaryGlossaryReferencesCreditsIndex

Editorial Reviews

"This compact and highly readable text presents a broad foundation of understanding the issues psychologists address when studying culture, and the practical applications of theory in society today. Students are encouraged to delve into exploration of their own backgrounds, attitudes, andbehaviors in regard to cultural differences." --Mary Mallory Rogers, Shasta College